Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible
Psalm 148:1-14. The scope of this Psalm is the same as that of the preceding.
heavens [and] heights — are synonymous.
hosts — (compare Psalm 103:21).
heavens of heavens — the very highest.
waters — clouds, resting above the visible heavens (compare Genesis 1:7).
praise the name — as representing His perfections.
he commanded — “He” is emphatic, ascribing creation to God alone.
The perpetuity of the frame of nature is, of course, subject to Him who formed it.
a decree pass — His ordinances respecting them shall not change (Jeremiah 36:31), or perish (Job 34:20; Psalm 37:36).
The call on the earth, as opposed to heaven, includes seas or depths, whose inhabitants the dragon, as one of the largest (on leviathan, see on Psalm 104:26), is selected to represent. The most destructive and ungovernable agents of inanimate nature are introduced.
fulfilling his word — or, law, may be understood of each. Next the most distinguished productions of the vegetable world.
fruitful trees — or, “trees of fruit,” as opposed to forest trees. Wild and domestic, large and small animals are comprehended.
Next all rational beings, from the highest in rank to little children.
princes — or, military leaders.
Let them — all mentioned.
excellent — or, exalted (Isaiah 12:4).
his glory — majesty (Psalm 45:3).
above the earth and heaven — Their united splendors fail to match His.
exalteth the horn — established power (Psalm 75:5, Psalm 75:6).
praise of — or literally, “for”
his saints — that is, occasions for them to praise Him. They are further described as “His people,” and “near unto Him,” sustaining by covenanted care a peculiarly intimate relation.
on the Whole Bible". "http://www.studylight.org/com/jfb/view.cgi?book=ps&chapter=148&verse=4". 1871.
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