Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible
Every wise, etc. — literally, “The wisdoms” (compare Proverbs 9:1) “of women,” plural, a distributive form of speech.
buildeth house — increases wealth, which the foolish, by mismanagement, lessen.
uprightness — is the fruit of fearing God, as falsehood and ill-nature (Proverbs 2:15; Proverbs 3:32) of despising Him and His law.
rod of pride — that is, the punishment of pride, which they evince by their words. The words of the wise procure good to them.
crib is clean — empty; so “cleanness of teeth” denotes want of food (compare Amos 4:6). Men get the proper fruit of their doings (Galatians 6:7).
A faithful witness, etc. — one tested to be such.
utter lies — or, “breathe out lies” - that is, habitually lies (Proverbs 6:19; compare Acts 9:1). Or the sense is, that habitual truthfulness, or lying, will be evinced in witness-bearing.
An humble, teachable spirit succeeds in seeking (Proverbs 8:9; John 7:17; James 1:5, James 1:6).
Avoid the society of those who cannot teach you.
Appearances deceive the thoughtless, but the prudent discriminate.
Fools make a mock at sin — or, “Sin deludes fools.”
righteous favour — that is, of God, instead of the punishment of sin.
Each one best knows his own sorrows or joys.
(Compare Proverbs 12:7). The contrast of the whole is enhanced by that of house and tabernacle, a permanent and a temporary dwelling.
end thereof — or, “reward,” what results (compare Proverbs 5:4).
ways of death — leading to it.
The preceding sentiment illustrated by the disappointments of a wicked or untimely joy.
ways — receive retribution (Proverbs 1:31).
a good man himself — literally, “is away from such,” will not associate with him.
word — He is credulous, not from love, but heedlessness (Proverbs 13:16).
(Compare Proverbs 3:7; Proverbs 28:14).
rageth — acts proudly and conceitedly.
angry — literally, “short of anger” (compare Proverbs 14:29, opposite idea).
man hated — that is, the deliberate evildoer is more hated than the rash.
inherit — as a portion (compare Proverbs 3:35).
are crowned — literally, “are surrounded with it,” abound in it.
Describes the humbling of the wicked by the punishment their sins incur.
This sad but true picture of human nature is not given approvingly, but only as a fact.
For such contempt of the poor is contrasted as sinful with the virtuous compassion of the good.
As usual, the interrogative negative strengthens the affirmative.
mercy and truth — that is, God‘s (Psalm 57:3; Psalm 61:7).
labour — painful diligence.
talk penury — idle and vain promises and plans.
(Compare Proverbs 3:16).
foolishness folly — Folly remains, or produces folly; it has no benefit.
Life often depends on truth-telling.
a deceitful lies — He that breathes out lies is deceit, not to be trusted (Proverbs 14:5).
The blessings of piety descend to children (Proverbs 13:22; Proverbs 20:7; Exodus 20:6).
(Compare Proverbs 13:14).
fear of the Lord — or, “law of the wise,” is wisdom (Psalm 111:10).
The teaching of a true political economy.
understanding — (Compare Proverbs 14:17).
hasty — (Compare Proverbs 14:17).
exalteth folly — makes it conspicuous, as if delighting to honor it.
A sound heart — both literally and figuratively, a source of health; in the latter sense, opposed to the known effect of evil passions on health.
reproacheth his Maker — who is the God of such, as well as of the rich (Proverbs 22:2; Job 31:15; and specially 1 Samuel 2:8; Psalm 113:7).
driven — thrust out violently (compare Psalm 35:5, Psalm 35:6).
hath hope — trusteth (Proverbs 10:2; Proverbs 11:4; Psalm 2:12), implying assurance of help.
resteth — preserved in quietness for use, while fools blazon their folly (Proverbs 12:23; Proverbs 13:16).
Righteousness — just principles and actions.
exalteth — raises to honor.
is a reproach — brings on them the ill-will of others (compare Proverbs 13:6).
wise — discreet or prudent.
causeth shame — (Proverbs 10:5; Proverbs 12:4) acts basely.
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