Scofield's Reference Notes
1 Thessalonians 5
whole spirit and soul and body
Man a trinity. That the human soul and spirit are not identical is proved by the facts that they are divisible. Hebrews 4:12 and that soul and spirit are sharply distinguished in the burial and resurrection of the body. It is sown a natural body (soma psuchikon= "soul- body"), it is raised a spiritual body (soma pneumatikon). 1 Corinthians 15:44. To assert, therefore, that there is no difference between soul and spirit is to assert that there is no difference between the mortal body and the resurrection body. In Scripture use, the distinction between spirit and soul may be traced. Briefly, that distinction is that the spirit is that part of man which "knows" 1 Corinthians 2:11 his mind; the soul is the seat of the affections, desires, and so of the emotions, and of the active will, the self. "My soul is exceeding sorrowful" Matthew 26:38 see also; Matthew 11:29; John 12:27. The word transliterated "soul" in the O.T. (nephesh) is the exact equivalent of the N.T. word for soul (Greek - εὐψυχέω ), and the use of "soul" in the O.T. is identical with the use of that word in the N.T. (see, e.g.); Deuteronomy 6:5; Deuteronomy 14:26; 1 Samuel 18:1; 1 Samuel 20:4; 1 Samuel 20:17; Job 7:11; Job 7:15; Job 14:22; Psalms 42:6; Psalms 84:2. The N.T. word for spirit (pneuma) like the O.T. (ruach), is trans. "air", "breath", "wind," but predominantly "spirit," whether of God (e.g.); Genesis 1:2; Matthew 3:16 or of man; Genesis 41:8; 1 Corinthians 5:5. Because man is "spirit" he is capable of God-consciousness, and of communication with God; Job 32:8; Psalms 18:28; Proverbs 20:27 because he is "soul" he has self- consciousness; Psalms 13:2; Psalms 42:5; Psalms 42:6; Psalms 42:11 because he is "body" he has, through his senses, world consciousness.
(See Scofield "Genesis 1:26") .
Thursday, July 28th, 2016
the Week of Proper 12 / Ordinary 17
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