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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Philemon 1

 

 

Introduction
1Paul rejoices to hear of the faith and love of Philemon, whom he desires to forgive his servant Onesimus, and lovingly to receive him again.

Verse 1
Paul, a prisoner of Jesus Christ, and Timothy our brother, unto Philemon our dearly beloved, and fellowlabourer,
A.& D. 64. A. M. 4068
a prisoner
9; Ephesians 3:1; 4:1; 6:20; 2 Timothy 1:8
Timothy
2 Corinthians 1:1; Colossians 1:1; 2 Thessalonians 1:1
Philemon
The apostle in this epistle indulges in some fine paronomasais on the proper names. Thus Philemon, [Philemon (Filh/mwn)] affectionate, or beloved, is "our dearly beloved;" Apphia, ([ ()] the affectionate address of a brother or sister, according to Suidas,) is "the beloved sister," as several MSS., Vulgate, and others correctly read; Archippus, ([Archippos (°Arxippov)] the ruler of the horse, for the managing of which heros were anciently famous,) is "our fellow- soldier;" and Onesimus, ([Onesimos ()Onh/simov)] useful or profitable,) once unprofitable, is now profitable.
and fellow labourer
24; 1 Corinthians 3:9; Philippians 2:25; 4:3; Colossians 4:11; 1 Thessalonians 3:2

Verse 2
And to our beloved Apphia, and Archippus our fellowsoldier, and to the church in thy house:
Archippus
Colossians 4:17
our fellow-soldier
Philippians 2:25; 2 Timothy 2:3,4
the church
Romans 16:5; 1 Corinthians 16:19; Colossians 4:15

Verse 3
Grace to you, and peace, from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.
Romans 1:7; 2 Corinthians 13:14; Ephesians 1:2

Verse 4
I thank my God, making mention of thee always in my prayers,
Romans 1:8; Ephesians 1:16; Philippians 1:3; Colossians 1:3; 1 Thessalonians 1:2; 2 Thessalonians 1:3; 2 Timothy 1:3

Verse 5
Hearing of thy love and faith, which thou hast toward the Lord Jesus, and toward all saints;
Hearing
Galatians 5:6; Ephesians 1:15; Colossians 1:4
toward the Lord
7; Psalms 16:3; Acts 9:39-41; Romans 12:13; 15:25,26; 1 Corinthians 16:1; 1 John 3:23; 5:1,2

Verse 6
That the communication of thy faith may become effectual by the acknowledging of every good thing which is in you in Christ Jesus.
the communication
2 Corinthians 9:12-14; Philippians 1:9-11; Titus 3:14; Hebrews 6:10; James 2:14,17
the acknowledging
Matthew 5:16; 1 Corinthians 14:25; Philippians 4:8; 1 Peter 1:5-8; 2:12; 3:1,16
in you
2 Peter 1:8

Verse 7
For we have great joy and consolation in thy love, because the bowels of the saints are refreshed by thee, brother.
great joy
1 Thessalonians 1:3; 2:13,19; 3:9; 2 John 1:4; 3 John 1:3-6
the bowels
20; 2 Corinthians 7:13; 2 Timothy 1:16

Verse 8
Wherefore, though I might be much bold in Christ to enjoin thee that which is convenient,
bold
2 Corinthians 3:12; 10:1,2; 11:21; 1 Thessalonians 2:2,6
enjoin
2 Corinthians 10:8

Verse 9
Yet for love's sake I rather beseech thee, being such an one as Paul the aged, and now also a prisoner of Jesus Christ.
love's sake
Romans 12:1; 2 Corinthians 5:20; 6:1; Ephesians 4:1; Hebrews 13:19; 1 Peter 2:11
Paul
Psalms 71:9,18; Proverbs 16:31; Isaiah 46:4
prisoner
1; Ephesians 3:1; 4:1

Verse 10
I beseech thee for my son Onesimus, whom I have begotten in my bonds:
my son
2 Samuel 9:1-7; 18:5; 19:37,38; Mark 9:17; 1 Timothy 1:2; Titus 1:4
Onesimus
Colossians 4:9
whom
1 Corinthians 4:15; Galatians 4:19

Verse 11
Which in time past was to thee unprofitable, but now profitable to thee and to me:
unprofitable
Job 30:1,2; Matthew 25:30; Luke 17:10; Romans 3:12; 1 Peter 2:10
profitable
Luke 15:24,32; 2 Timothy 4:11

Verse 12
Whom I have sent again: thou therefore receive him, that is, mine own bowels:
thou
Matthew 6:14,15; 18:21-35; Mark 11:25; Ephesians 4:32
mine
Deuteronomy 13:6; 2 Samuel 16:11; Jeremiah 31:20; Luke 15:20

Verse 13
Whom I would have retained with me, that in thy stead he might have ministered unto me in the bonds of the gospel:
in thy stead
1 Corinthians 16:17; Philippians 2:30
the bonds
1; Ephesians 3:1; 4:1

Verse 14
But without thy mind would I do nothing; that thy benefit should not be as it were of necessity, but willingly.
without
8,9; 2 Corinthians 1:24; 1 Peter 5:3
thy benefit
1 Chronicles 29:17; Psalms 110:3; 1 Corinthians 9:7,17; 2 Corinthians 8:12; 9:5,7; 1 Peter 5:2

Verse 15
For perhaps he therefore departed for a season, that thou shouldest receive him for ever;
Genesis 45:5-8; 50:20; Psalms 76:10; Isaiah 20:6; Acts 4:28

Verse 16
Not now as a servant, but above a servant, a brother beloved, specially to me, but how much more unto thee, both in the flesh, and in the Lord?
a brother
Matthew 23:8; Acts 9:17; Galatians 4:28,29; 1 Timothy 6:2; Hebrews 3:1; 1 Peter 1:22,23; 1 John 5:1
both in
Ephesians 6:5-7; Colossians 3:22

Verse 17
If thou count me therefore a partner, receive him as myself.
thou count
Acts 16:15; 2 Corinthians 8:23; Ephesians 3:6; Philippians 1:7; 1 Timothy 6:2; Hebrews 3:1,14; James 2:5; 1 Peter 5:1; 1 John 1:3
receive
10,12; Matthew 10:40; 12:48-50; 18:5; 25:40

Verse 18
If he hath wronged thee, or oweth thee ought, put that on mine account;
put that
Isaiah 53:4-7; *Heb:

Verse 19
I Paul have written it with mine own hand, I will repay it: albeit I do not say to thee how thou owest unto me even thine own self besides.
I Paul
1 Corinthians 16:21,22; Galatians 5:2; 6:11
how thou
1 Corinthians 4:15; 9:1,2; 2 Corinthians 3:2; 1 Timothy 1:2; Titus 1:4; James 5:19,20

Verse 20
Yea, brother, let me have joy of thee in the Lord: refresh my bowels in the Lord.
let me
2 Corinthians 2:2; 7:4-7,13; Philippians 2:2; 4:1; 1 Thessalonians 2:19,20; 3:7-9; Hebrews 13:17; 3 John 1:4
refresh
7,12; Philippians 1:8; 2:1; 1 John 3:17

Verse 21
Having confidence in thy obedience I wrote unto thee, knowing that thou wilt also do more than I say.
2 Corinthians 2:3; 7:16; 8:22; Galatians 5:10; 2 Thessalonians 3:4

Verse 22
But withal prepare me also a lodging: for I trust that through your prayers I shall be given unto you.
prepare
Acts 28:23
for I trust
Romans 15:24; Philippians 1:25,26; 2:24; Hebrews 13:23; 2 John 1:12; 3 John 1:14
through
Romans 15:30-32; 2 Corinthians 1:11; Philippians 1:19; James 5:16

Verse 23
There salute thee Epaphras, my fellowprisoner in Christ Jesus;
Epaphras
Colossians 1:7; 4:12
my fellow-prisoner
Romans 16:7; Colossians 4:10

Verse 24
Marcus, Aristarchus, Demas, Lucas, my fellowlabourers.
Marcus
Acts 12:12,25; 13:13; 15:37-39; Colossians 4:10; 2 Timothy 4:11
Aristarchus
Acts 19:29; 27:2
Demas
Colossians 4:14; 2 Timothy 4:10
Lucas
2 Timothy 4:11
my fellow-labourers
1,2; 2 Corinthians 8:23; Philippians 2:25; 4:3; 3 John 1:8

Verse 25
The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with your spirit. Amen.
grace
Romans 16:20,24
your spirit
2 Timothy 4:22

 


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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Philemon 1:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/philemon-1.html.


Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, June 22nd, 2017
the Week of Proper 6 / Ordinary 11
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