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Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Exodus 18

 

 

Introduction
Overview
Exodus 18:1, Jethro brings his wife and two sons to Moses;
Exodus 18:7, Moses entertains him, and relates the goodness of the Lord;
Exodus 18:9, Jethro rejoices, blesses God, and offers sacrifice;
Exodus 18:13, He gives good counsel, which is accepted;
Exodus 18:27, Jethro departs.
Verse 1
When Jethro, the priest of Midian, Moses' father in law, heard of all that God had done for Moses, and for Israel his people, and that the LORD had brought Israel out of Egypt;

Jethro:, Exodus 2:16, Exodus 2:21, Exodus 3:1, Exodus 4:18; Numbers 10:29; Judges 4:11

heard:, Psalms 34:2, Psalms 44:1, Psalms 77:14-15, Psalms 78:4, Psalms 105:5, Psalms 105:43, Psalms 106:2, Psalms 106:8; Jeremiah 33:9; Zechariah 8:23; Galatians 1:23-24

God:, Acts 7:35-36, Acts 14:27, Acts 15:12, Acts 21:19-20; Romans 15:18

done:, Exodus 7:1 - Exodus 15:27; Joshua 2:10, Joshua 9:9; Nehemiah 9:10-11; Psalms 77:14-15, Psalms 78:50-53; Psalms 105:36-41, Psalms 106:8-11, Psalms 136:10-16; Isaiah 63:11-13

Reciprocal:, Genesis 25:2 - Midian Exodus 2:18 - General, Exodus 18:8 - told Judges 1:16 - Moses" 2 Chronicles 7:10 - goodness

Verse 2
Then Jethro, Moses' father in law, took Zipporah, Moses' wife, after he had sent her back,

Zipporah:, Exodus 2:21, Exodus 4:25-26

Reciprocal:, Exodus 18:24 - General, Acts 7:29 - Madian

Verse 3
And her two sons; of which the name of the one was Gershom; for he said, I have been an alien in a strange land:

two sons:, Acts 7:29

Gershom: i.e. A stranger there, Exodus 2:22; Psalms 39:12; Hebrews 11:13; 1 Peter 2:11

Reciprocal:, 1 Chronicles 23:15 - Gershom

Verse 4
And the name of the other was Eliezer; for the God of my father, said he, was mine help, and delivered me from the sword of Pharaoh:

Eliezer: i.e. my God is an help, Psalms 46:1; Isaiah 50:7-9; Hebrews 13:6

delivered:, Exodus 2:15; Psalms 18:1 *title Psalms 18:48, Psalms 34:4; Daniel 6:22; Acts 12:11; 2 Corinthians 1:8-10; 2 Timothy 4:17

Reciprocal:, 1 Chronicles 23:15 - Gershom 1 Chronicles 26:25 - Eliezer

Verse 5
And Jethro, Moses' father in law, came with his sons and his wife unto Moses into the wilderness, where he encamped at the mount of God:

Exodus 3:1, Exodus 3:12, Exodus 19:11, Exodus 19:20, Exodus 24:16-17; 1 Kings 19:8

Verse 6

said: i.e. by means of messengers sent beforehand, Matthew href="/desk/?q=mt+12:47&sr=1">Matthew 12:47

said: i.e. by means of messengers sent beforehand, Matthew 12:47

Verse 7
And Moses went out to meet his father in law, and did obeisance, and kissed him; and they asked each other of their welfare; and they came into the tent.

went:, Genesis 14:17, Genesis 46:29; Numbers 22:36; Judges 11:34; 1 Kings 2:19; Acts 28:15

did obeisance:, Genesis 18:2, Genesis 19:1, Genesis 33:3-7

kissed:, Genesis 29:13, Genesis 31:28, Genesis 33:4, Genesis 45:15; Psalms 2:12; Luke 7:45; Acts 20:37

welfare: Heb. peace, Genesis 43:27; 2 Samuel 11:7

Reciprocal:, Genesis 29:6 - Is he well Genesis 29:11 - kissed Genesis 43:28 - made obeisance Judges 1:16 - Moses" Jeremiah 15:5 - how thou doest

Verse 8
And Moses told his father in law all that the LORD had done unto Pharaoh and to the Egyptians for Israel's sake, and all the travail that had come upon them by the way, and how the LORD delivered them.

told:, Exodus 18:1; Nehemiah 9:9-15; Psalms 66:16, Psalms 71:17-20, Psalms 105:1-2, Psalms 145:4-12

and all the:, Exodus 15:22-24, Exodus 16:3

come upon them: Heb. found them, Genesis 44:34; Numbers 20:14; Nehemiah 9:32 *marg.

how the Lord:, Psalms 78:42-43, Psalms 81:7, Psalms 106:10, Psalms 107:2

Reciprocal:, Deuteronomy 4:30 - are come upon thee 1 Kings 8:41 - cometh out 2 Chronicles 6:32 - is come

Verse 9
And Jethro rejoiced for all the goodness which the LORD had done to Israel, whom he had delivered out of the hand of the Egyptians.

Isaiah 44:23, Isaiah 66:10; Romans 12:10, Romans 12:15; 1 Corinthians 12:26

Reciprocal:, 1 Samuel 15:6 - ye showed Daniel 6:23 - was 1 Corinthians 13:6 - rejoiceth 1 Thessalonians 1:8 - General

Verse 10
And Jethro said, Blessed be the LORD, who hath delivered you out of the hand of the Egyptians, and out of the hand of Pharaoh, who hath delivered the people from under the hand of the Egyptians.

Genesis 14:20; 2 Samuel 18:28; 1 Kings 8:15; Psalms 41:13, Psalms 106:47-48; Luke 1:68; Ephesians 1:3; 1 Thessalonians 3:9; 1 Peter 1:3; Revelation 5:11-13, Revelation 19:1-6

Reciprocal:, Genesis 24:27 - Blessed 1 Samuel 15:6 - ye showed 1 Samuel 25:32 - General, Romans 9:17 - that

Verse 11
Now I know that the LORD is greater than all gods: for in the thing wherein they dealt proudly he was above them.

Now I:, Exodus 9:16; 1 Kings 17:24; 2 Kings 5:15

the Lord:, Exodus 15:11; 1 Chronicles 16:25; 2 Chronicles 2:5; Psalms 95:3, Psalms 97:9, Psalms 135:5

in the thing:, Exodus 1:10, Exodus 1:16, Exodus 1:22, Exodus 5:2, Exodus 5:7, Exodus 14:8, Exodus 14:18

proudly:, Exodus 9:17, Exodus 10:3; 1 Samuel 2:3; Nehemiah 9:10, Nehemiah 9:16, Nehemiah 9:29; Job 40:11-12; Psalms 31:23; Psalms 119:21; Daniel 4:37; Luke 1:51; James 4:6; 1 Peter 5:5

Reciprocal:, Exodus 14:4 - I will be Numbers 33:4 - upon their gods Joshua 2:9 - I know Joshua 22:22 - Lord God 2 Samuel 22:27 - show thyself unsavoury 2 Samuel 22:28 - but thine 1 Chronicles 17:20 - none Psalms 10:2 - The wicked Psalms 31:20 - from Psalms 46:10 - know Psalms 66:7 - let Psalms 76:10 - Surely Psalms 92:8 - art most Psalms 96:4 - For the Psalms 136:2 - the God Psalms 138:6 - but the proud Isaiah 33:5 - The Lord Daniel 5:20 - when Luke 18:14 - every John 10:29 - is greater Acts 13:17 - and with Romans 9:17 - that 1 Corinthians 3:19 - He Philippians 1:12 - rather

Verse 12
And Jethro, Moses' father in law, took a burnt offering and sacrifices for God: and Aaron came, and all the elders of Israel, to eat bread with Moses' father in law before God.

took:, Exodus 24:5; Genesis 4:4, Genesis 8:20, Genesis 12:7, Genesis 26:25, Genesis 31:54; Job 1:5, Job 42:8

Aaron:, Exodus 24:11; Leviticus 7:11-17; Deuteronomy 12:7, Deuteronomy 27:7; 1 Chronicles 29:21-22; 2 Chronicles 30:22; 1 Corinthians 10:18, 1 Corinthians 10:21, 1 Corinthians 10:31

eat bread:, Exodus 2:20; Genesis 43:25; 2 Samuel 9:7; Job 42:11; Daniel 10:3; Luke 14:1, Luke 14:15

Reciprocal:, Exodus 3:16 - elders Numbers 23:3 - burnt Joshua 8:31 - and they offered Judges 1:16 - Moses"

Verse 13
And it came to pass on the morrow, that Moses sat to judge the people: and the people stood by Moses from the morning unto the evening.

Judges 5:10; Job 29:7; Isaiah 16:5; Joel 3:12; Matthew 23:2; Romans 12:8, Romans 13:6

Reciprocal:, Numbers 27:2 - General, Deuteronomy 1:12 - General, Judges 4:5 - came up 1 Kings 3:16 - stood Jeremiah 21:12 - morning

Verse 14

Reciprocal:, Exodus 18:17 - not good Exodus 18:26 - at all Numbers 27:2 - General, Judges 1:16 - Moses" 2 Samuel 15:2 - came

Verse 15
And Moses said unto his father in law, Because the people come unto me to enquire of God:

to inquire:, Exodus 18:19-20; Leviticus 24:12-14; Numbers 15:34, Numbers 27:5

Reciprocal:, Exodus 18:26 - the hard causes Numbers 9:6 - they came 2 Chronicles 34:21 - inquire

Verse 16
When they have a matter, they come unto me; and I judge between one and another, and I do make them know the statutes of God, and his laws.

a matter:, Exodus 23:7, Exodus 24:14; Deuteronomy 17:8-12; 2 Samuel 15:3; Job 31:13; Acts 18:14-15; 1 Corinthians 6:1

one and another: Heb. a man and his fellow, Exodus 2:13

make:, Leviticus 24:15; Numbers 15:35, Numbers 27:6-11, Numbers 36:6-9; Deuteronomy 4:5, Deuteronomy 5:1, Deuteronomy 6:1; 1 Samuel 12:23; Matthew 28:20; 1 Thessalonians 4:1-2

Reciprocal:, Exodus 18:20 - teach Leviticus 24:12 - that the mind of the Lord might be showed them Deuteronomy 33:5 - king Judges 4:5 - came up 2 Samuel 15:2 - came 1 Kings 3:16 - stood Psalms 19:8 - statutes

Verse 17

not good: Exodus 18:14; Deuteronomy 1:12; 1 Kings 3:8, 1 Kings 3:9, 1 Kings 13:18; 2 Chronicles 19:6; Matthew 17:4; John href="/desk/?q=joh+13:6-10&sr=1">John 13:6-10

not good:, Exodus 18:14; Deuteronomy 1:12; 1 Kings 3:8-9, 1 Kings 13:18; 2 Chronicles 19:6; Matthew 17:4; John 13:6-10

Reciprocal:, Genesis 20:7 - a prophet Proverbs 27:9 - so Acts 6:2 - we should

Verse 18
Thou wilt surely wear away, both thou, and this people that is with thee: for this thing is too heavy for thee; thou art not able to perform it thyself alone.

Thou wilt surely wear away: Heb. Fading thou wilt fade, 2 Corinthians 12:15; Philippians 2:30; 1 Thessalonians 2:8-9

thou art:, Numbers 11:14-17; Deuteronomy 1:9-12; Acts 6:1-4

Reciprocal:, Exodus 18:22 - they shall Exodus 18:23 - God Deuteronomy 1:17 - the cause

Verse 19
Hearken now unto my voice, I will give thee counsel, and God shall be with thee: Be thou for the people to God-ward, that thou mayest bring the causes unto God:

Hearken:, Exodus 18:24; Proverbs 9:9

God shall:, Exodus 3:12, Exodus 4:12; Genesis 39:2; Deuteronomy 20:1; Joshua 1:9; 2 Samuel 14:17; Matthew 28:20

Be thou:, Exodus 18:15, Exodus 4:16, Exodus 20:19; Deuteronomy 5:5

bring:, Numbers 27:5

Reciprocal:, Genesis 41:33 - look out Numbers 9:6 - they came Numbers 27:2 - General, Deuteronomy 33:5 - king Judges 4:5 - came up 1 Samuel 15:6 - ye showed 2 Chronicles 19:8 - the judgment Ecclesiastes 10:10 - wisdom Matthew 23:3 - whatsoever 2 Corinthians 3:4 - General

Verse 20
And thou shalt teach them ordinances and laws, and shalt shew them the way wherein they must walk, and the work that they must do.

teach:, Exodus 18:16; Deuteronomy 4:1, Deuteronomy 4:5, Deuteronomy 5:1, Deuteronomy 6:1-2, Deuteronomy 7:11; Nehemiah 9:13-14

the way:, 1 Samuel 12:23; Psalms 32:8, Psalms 143:8; Isaiah 30:21; Jeremiah 6:16, Jeremiah 42:3; Micah 4:2; 1 Thessalonians 4:1

work:, Deuteronomy 1:18; Ezekiel 3:17; Matthew 28:20; Mark 13:34; 2 Thessalonians 3:6-12

Reciprocal:, Genesis 24:48 - led me Exodus 18:15 - to inquire Deuteronomy 8:6 - walk Matthew 23:3 - whatsoever

Verse 21
Moreover thou shalt provide out of all the people able men, such as fear God, men of truth, hating covetousness; and place such over them, to be rulers of thousands, and rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens:

Moreover:, Deuteronomy 1:13-17; Acts 6:3

able men:, Exodus 18:25; Deuteronomy 16:18; 1 Kings 3:9-12; Proverbs 28:2

such as:, Exodus 23:2-9; Genesis 22:12, Genesis 42:18; 2 Samuel 23:3; 1 Kings 18:3, 1 Kings 18:12; 2 Chronicles 19:5-10; Nehemiah 5:9, Nehemiah 7:2; Ecclesiastes 12:13; Luke 18:2, Luke 18:4

men:, Job 29:16, Job 31:13; Isaiah 16:5, Isaiah 59:4, Isaiah 59:14-15; Jeremiah 5:1; Ezekiel 18:8; Zechariah 7:9; Zechariah 8:16

hating:, Exodus 23:8; Deuteronomy 16:18-19; 1 Samuel 8:3, 1 Samuel 12:3-4; Psalms 26:9-10; Isaiah 33:15; Ezekiel 22:12; Acts 20:33; 1 Timothy 3:3, 1 Timothy 6:9-11; 2 Peter 2:14-15

rulers of thousands: Whatever matter the decarch, or ruler over ten, could not decide, went to the pentecontarch, or ruler of fifty, and thence by degrees to the hecatontarch, or ruler over a hundred, to the chiliarch, or ruler over a thousand, to Moses, and at length to God himself. Each magistrate had the care or inspection of only ten men; the decarch superintended ten private characters; the hecatontarch ten decarchs; and the chiliarch, ten hecatontarchs. Numbers 10:4; Deuteronomy 1:15; Joshua 22:14; 1 Samuel 8:12

Reciprocal:, Genesis 47:6 - rulers Exodus 21:6 - the judges Exodus 22:9 - the cause of both parties Leviticus 4:22 - a ruler hath sinned Leviticus 19:15 - General, Numbers 1:16 - heads Numbers 25:5 - judges Joshua 22:21 - heads Judges 6:15 - my family is poor Ruth 4:2 - the elders 1 Kings 4:2 - the princes 1 Chronicles 12:20 - captains 2 Chronicles 19:7 - let the Ezra 7:25 - set magistrates Psalms 82:1 - God Psalms 119:36 - and not to Proverbs 15:27 - but Proverbs 28:16 - he that Isaiah 3:3 - captain Jeremiah 22:17 - covetousness Daniel 6:1 - an Micah 5:2 - thousands Malachi 3:5 - fear Ephesians 5:3 - covetousness

Verse 22
And let them judge the people at all seasons: and it shall be, that every great matter they shall bring unto thee, but every small matter they shall judge: so shall it be easier for thyself, and they shall bear the burden with thee.

at all seasons:, Exodus 18:26; Romans 13:6

great:, Leviticus 24:11; Numbers 15:33, Numbers 27:2, Numbers 36:1; Deuteronomy 1:17, Deuteronomy 17:8-9

they shall:, Exodus 18:18; Numbers 11:17

Reciprocal:, Exodus 22:9 - the cause of both parties Ruth 4:2 - the elders 2 Chronicles 19:7 - let the Daniel 6:1 - an Luke 18:2 - which

Verse 23
If thou shalt do this thing, and God command thee so, then thou shalt be able to endure, and all this people shall also go to their place in peace.

God:, Exodus 18:18; Genesis 21:10-12; 1 Samuel 8:6-7, 1 Samuel 8:22; Acts 15:2; Galatians 2:2

and all this:, Exodus 16:29; Genesis 18:33, Genesis 30:25; 2 Samuel 18:3, 2 Samuel 19:39, 2 Samuel 21:17; Philippians 1:24-25

Reciprocal:, Leviticus 24:12 - that the mind of the Lord might be showed them 1 Chronicles 13:2 - and that it be Matthew 23:3 - whatsoever 2 Peter 3:9 - not willing

Verse 24
So Moses hearkened to the voice of his father in law, and did all that he had said.

Exodus 18:2-5, Exodus 18:19; Ezra 10:2, Ezra 10:5; Proverbs 1:5; 1 Corinthians 12:21

Verse 25
And Moses chose able men out of all Israel, and made them heads over the people, rulers of thousands, rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens.

Exodus 18:21; Deuteronomy 1:15; Acts 6:5

Reciprocal:, Exodus 24:14 - if any man Numbers 1:4 - General, Numbers 1:16 - heads Numbers 13:2 - a ruler Numbers 25:4 - all the heads Numbers 25:5 - judges Numbers 30:1 - General, Deuteronomy 16:18 - Judges Deuteronomy 31:28 - Gather unto me Joshua 22:14 - an head Joshua 24:1 - called 1 Chronicles 27:1 - captains 2 Chronicles 19:7 - let the 2 Chronicles 25:5 - captains over thousands Micah 5:2 - thousands

Verse 26
And they judged the people at all seasons: the hard causes they brought unto Moses, but every small matter they judged themselves.

at all:, Exodus 18:14, Exodus 18:22

the hard causes:, Exodus 18:15, Exodus 18:22; Deuteronomy 17:8; 1 Kings 3:16-28, 1 Kings 10:1; Job 29:16

Reciprocal:, Exodus 24:14 - if any man Leviticus 24:11 - brought him Numbers 9:6 - they came Numbers 25:5 - judges Deuteronomy 1:15 - I took Deuteronomy 1:17 - the cause Deuteronomy 16:18 - Judges Joshua 24:1 - called Judges 4:5 - came up 2 Samuel 15:2 - came 2 Chronicles 19:7 - let the

Verse 27
And Moses let his father in law depart; and he went his way into his own land.

Genesis 24:59, Genesis 31:55; Numbers 10:29-30; Judges 19:9

Reciprocal:, Genesis 12:20 - General, Judges 1:16 - Moses" Ruth 1:7 - they went

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Exodus 18:23". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". "http://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/view.cgi?book=ex&chapter=18&verse=23".

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