American Tract Society Bible Dictionary
This beautiful and stately ruler of the night, Genesis 1:16 , is one of the chief witnesses to mankind of the goodness, wisdom, and power of the Creator, Psalm 8:3; and as receiving all its light from the sun, and reflecting it on all around, it is a striking image of the church of Christ. In the clear sky of the East, the moon shines with peculiar brilliancy; and it was worshipped by most nations of antiquity, either directly, or as an idol-goddess under the name of Ashtoreth, Artemis, Diana, Hecate, Meni, Mylitta, Maja, etc. The Hebrews were specially cautioned against this form of idolatry, Deuteronomy 4:19 17:3; and yet fell into it; 2 Kings 21:3 Isaiah 65:11 Jeremiah 7:18 8:2 19:13 44:17-25 . See LUNATIC and NEW MOON .
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