Holman Bible Dictionary
Biblical doxologies are found in many contexts, but one of their chief functions seems to have been as a conclusion to songs (Exodus 15:18 ), psalms (Psalm 146:10 ), and prayers (Matthew 6:13 ), where they possibly served as group responses to solo singing or recitation. Doxologies conclude four of the five divisions of the Psalter (Psalm 41:13 ; Psalm 72:19 ; Psalm 89:52 ; Psalm 106:48 ), with Psalm 150:1 serving as a sort of doxology to the entire collection. Doxologies also occur at or near the end of several New Testament books ( Romans 16:27 ; Philippians 4:20 ; 1 Timothy 6:16 ; 2 Timothy 4:18 ; Hebrews 13:21 ; 1 Peter 5:11 ; 2 Peter 3:18 ; Jude 1:25 ) and figure prominently in the Revelation (Revelation 1:6 ; Revelation 4:8 ; Revelation 5:13 ; Revelation 7:12 ).
Doxologies continued to be written and sung in the Christian church after the close of the New Testament period. Post-biblical doxologies, in reaction against the Arians and other heretical groups, tended to emphasize the doctrine of the Trinity. The doxologies which have been and still are used most commonly in the Christian church are the Gloria in excelsis Deo (“Glory to God in the highest,” an expansion of Luke 2:14 which is often called the “Greater Doxology”), the Gloria Patri (“Glory be to the Father,” the “Lesser Doxology”), and Thomas Ken's “Praise God from Whom All Blessings Flow” (familiarly known simply as “The Doxology”).
David W. Music
These dictionary topics are from the Holman Bible Dictionary, published by Broadman & Holman, 1991. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman & Holman.
Butler, Trent C. Editor. Entry for 'Doxology'. Holman Bible Dictionary. http://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/hbd/d/doxology.html. 1991.