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Holman Bible Dictionary


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An individual or body of troops assigned to protect a person or thing. Guard translates numerous Hebrew and Greek terms. Tabbach (literally butcher or slaughterer) is a Hebrew term used only for officers of foreign kings (of Pharaoh, Genesis 37:36 ; Genesis 39:1 ; of Nebuchadnezzar, 2 Kings 25:8-20 ; Jeremiah 39:9-13 ). Two of the terms for guards are derived from the root shamar (to hedge about, guard, protect). The KJV often translated these terms by “watch” ( Nehemiah 4:9 ; Nehemiah 7:3 ). The most common designation for the guards of the kings of Israel and Judah was “runners” (1 Samuel 22:17 ; 1 Kings 1:5 ; 1 Kings 14:27-28 ) from the use of such guards to escort the king's chariot. Modern translation frequently use the expression “court of the guard” where the KJV used “court of the prison” (Nehemiah 3:25 ; Jeremiah 32:2 ). Two terms for guard are used only one time. The first refers to the large guard gathered to defend the boy king Joash (2 Chronicles 23:10 ). The second refers to God as the guard of His people (Zechariah 9:8 ).

Three Greek nouns are translated as guard. Hyperetes is used for those guarding the high priest's quarters ( Matthew 26:58 ; Mark 14:54 ). Koustodia ( Matthew 27:66 ; Matthew 28:11 ) is a Latin loan word, suggesting that this guard was indeed a Roman guard. Philake is used for stations of guards in Acts 12:10 .

Copyright Statement
These dictionary topics are from the Holman Bible Dictionary, published by Broadman & Holman, 1991. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman & Holman.

Bibliography Information
Butler, Trent C. Editor. Entry for 'Guard'. Holman Bible Dictionary. 1991.

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Monday, June 26th, 2017
the Week of Proper 7 / Ordinary 12
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