corner graphic   Hi,    
Facebook image
ver. 2.0.17.07.21
Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Go to classic.studylight.org/

Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Tongue

Resource Toolbox
Additional Links
A — 1: γλῶσσα
(Strong's #1100 — Noun Feminine — glossa — gloce'-sah )

is used of (1) the "tongues ... like as of fire" which appeared at Pentecost; (2) "the tongue," as an organ of speech, e.g., Mark 7:33 ; Romans 3:13 ; 14:11 ; 1 Corinthians 14:9 ; Philippians 2:11 ; James 1:26 ; 3:5,6,8 ; 1 Peter 3:10 ; 1 John 3:18 ; Revelation 16:10 ; (3) (a) "a language," coupled with phule, "a tribe," laos, "a people," ethnos, "a nation," seven times in the Apocalypse, Revelation 5:9 ; 7:9 ; 10:11 ; 11:9 ; 13:7 ; 14:6 ; 17:15 ; (b) "the supernatural gift of speaking in another language without its having been learnt;" in Acts 2:4-13 the circumstances are recorded from the viewpoint of the hearers; to those in whose language the utterances were made it appeared as a supernatural phenomenon; to others, the stammering of drunkards; what was uttered was not addressed primarily to the audience but consisted in recounting "the mighty works of God;" cp. Acts 2:46 ; in 1Cor., chapters 12 and 14, the use of the gift of "tongues" is mentioned as exercised in the gatherings of local churches; 1 Corinthians 12:10 speaks of the gift in general terms, and couples with it that of "the interpretation of tongues;" chapt. 14 gives instruction concerning the use of the gift, the paramount object being the edification of the church; unless the "tongue" was interpreted the speaker would speak "not unto men, but unto God," 1 Corinthians 14:2 ; he would edify himself alone, 1 Corinthians 14:4 , unless he interpreted, 1 Corinthians 14:5 , in which case his interpretation would be of the same value as the superior gift of prophesying, as he would edify the church, 1 Corinthians 14:4-6 ; he must pray that he may interpret, 1 Corinthians 14:13 ; if there were no interpreter, he must keep silence, 1 Corinthians 14:28 , for all things were to be done "unto edifying," 1 Corinthians 14:26 . "If I come ... speaking with tongues, what shall I profit you," says the Apostle (expressing the great object in all oral ministry), "unless I speak to you either by way of revelation, or of knowledge, or of prophesying, or of teaching?" (1 Corinthians 14:6 ). "Tongues" were for a sign, not to believers, but to unbelievers, 1 Corinthians 14:22 , and especially to unbelieving Jews (see 1 Corinthians 14:21 ): cp. the passages in the Acts.

There is no evidence of the continuance of this gift after apostolic times nor indeed in the later times of the Apostles themselves; this provides confirmation of the fulfillment in this way of 1 Corinthians 13:8 , that this gift would cease in the churches, just as would "prophecies" and "knowledge" in the sense of knowledge received by immediate supernatural power (cp. 1 Corinthians 14:6 ). The completion of the Holy Scriptures has provided the churches with all that is necessary for individual and collective guidance, instruction, and edification.

A — 2: διάλεκτος
(Strong's #1258 — Noun Feminine — dialektos — dee-al'-ek-tos )

"language" (Eng., "dialect"), is rendered "tongue" in the AV of Acts 1:19 ; 2:6,8 ; 21:40 ; 22:2 ; 26:14 . See LANGUAGE.

B — 1: Κλαύδιος
(Strong's #2804 — Noun Masculine — heteroglossos — klow'-dee-os )

is rendered "strange tongues" in 1 Corinthians 14:21 , RV (heteros, "another of a different sort," see ANOTHER , and A, No. 1), AV, "other tongues."

C — 1: Ἑβραϊστί
(Strong's #1447 — Adverb — hebraisti — heb-rah-is-tee' )

(or ebraisti, Westcott and Hort) denotes (a) "in Hebrew," Revelation 9:11 , RV (AV, "in the Hebrew tongue"); so Revelation 16:16 ; (b) in the Aramaic vernacular of Palestine, John 5:2 , AV, "in the Hebrew tongue" (RV, "in Hebrew"); in John 19:13,17 , AV, "in the Hebrew" (RV, "in Hebrew"); in John 19:20 , AV and RV, "in Hebrew;" in John 20:16 , RV only, "in Hebrew (Rabboni)."

Note: Cp. Hellenisti, "in Greek," John 19:20 , RV; Acts 21:37 , "Greek." See also Rhomaisti, under LATIN.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.

Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Tongue'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. http://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/ved/t/tongue.html. 1940.


Lectionary Calendar
Friday, July 21st, 2017
the Week of Proper 10 / Ordinary 15
Search for…
Enter query in the box:
 or 
Choose a letter to browse:
A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M 
N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z 

 
Prev Entry
Tomorrow
Next Entry
Tooth, Teeth
ADVERTISEMENT
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology