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The 1901 Jewish Encyclopedia


Term used in the Latin inscriptions by Juvenal for Jewish proselytes. It corresponds to the Greek term σ ε β ό μ ε ν ο ι τ ὸ ν Θ ε ό ν , which occurs in Josephus ("Ant." 14:72, ed. Niese) and in Acts 10:2,22 13:16,26, 43,50 16:14 17:4,17 18:7, and to the Hebrew "More Yhwh ," which, at an early date, likewise seems to have denoted proselytes (see 2 Kings 17:28 , 32:33). In the Psalms the expression is used for the whole body of pious persons outside the house of Israel (Psalm 115:11 , 118:4 , 135:20 comp. Esther 9:27 Isaiah 56:6 ), or perhaps for certain Gentiles who had adopted some of the Jewish customs, notably the observance of the Sabbath and abstention from forbidden meat. Paul refers to such at Antioch, Thyatira, Thessalonica, and Athens. About the Black Sea a large number of inscriptions have been discovered relating to "worshipers of the Most High God" who were also of the same class, though possibly their Judaic practises were not so pronounced as in the cases nearer Palestine (see Hypsistarians ). A mocking crucifix found on the Palatine Hill at Rome has the expression σ ε β ε τ ε Θ ε ο ν (see Jew. Encyc. 2:222, s.v. Ass-Worship ). Mek., Mishpaṭ im explains Isaiah 56:6 as "those who fear Heaven." See Proselyte .

Bibliography : Schü rer, Gesch. 2d ed., 3:103-105 idem, Die Juden im Bosporanischen Reiche , etc., in Sitzungsberichte der Berliner Akademie , 1897, pp 200-225 Bernays, Die Gottesfü rchtigen bei Juvenal , in Gesammelte Schriften .S. J.

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Bibliography Information
Singer, Isidore, Ph.D, Projector and Managing Editor. Entry for 'Metuentes'. 1901 The Jewish Encyclopedia. 1901.

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