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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #1161 - δέ

Transliteration
Phonetics
deh  
Word Origin
a primary particle (adversative or continuative)
Parts of Speech
Conjunction
TDNT
None
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. but, moreover, and, etc.
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (2870) NAS (362) HCS (1566)
Matthew 433
Mark 183
Luke 484
John 221
Acts 504
Romans 124
1 Corinthians 172
2 Corinthians 70
Galatians 52
Ephesians 18
Philippians 24
Colossians 7
1 Thessalonians 14
2 Thessalonians 11
1 Timothy 27
2 Timothy 21
Titus 8
Philemon 7
Hebrews 69
James 31
1 Peter 25
2 Peter 17
1 John 11
3 John 3
Jude 10
Revelation 9
Matthew 47
Mark 10
Luke 65
John 43
Acts 58
Romans 26
1 Corinthians 37
2 Corinthians 14
Galatians 11
Ephesians 2
Philippians 6
Colossians 1
1 Thessalonians 4
2 Thessalonians 5
1 Timothy 3
2 Timothy 3
Hebrews 11
James 4
1 Peter 1
2 Peter 1
Jude 2
Revelation 2
Matthew 225
Mark 97
Luke 286
John 103
Acts 233
Romans 120
1 Corinthians 160
2 Corinthians 52
Galatians 44
Ephesians 13
Philippians 22
Colossians 3
1 Thessalonians 12
2 Thessalonians 6
1 Timothy 23
2 Timothy 14
Titus 7
Philemon 6
Hebrews 54
James 32
1 Peter 24
2 Peter 10
1 John 9
3 John 1
Jude 9
Revelation 1
BYZ TIS TR
CONJ 2882
CONJ 2770
CONJ 2887
NA WH
CONJ 2067
N-APF 1
N-ASM 1
N-GPM 1
P-AS 1
P-NPM 1
R-ASN 2
T-APN 1
T-ASM 1
T-NPF 1
T-NPM 2
T-NSF 1
T-NSM 1
V-AAPNPM 1
V-AAPNSM 2
V-API-3P 1
V-FAI-1S 1
V-FMI-1S 1
V-IAI-3P 1
V-PAD-3S 1
V-PMPGSM 1
CONJ 2964


Thayer's Expanded Definition
 δέ (related to δή, as μέν to μήν, cf. Klotz ad Devar. ii. 2, p. 355), a particle adversative, distinctive, disjunctive, but, moreover ( Winer s Grammar, § 53,7,10,2); it is much more frequent in the historical parts of the N. T. than in the other books, very rare in the Epistles of John and the Apocalypse. (On its general neglect of elision (when the next word begins with a vowel) cf. Tdf. Proleg., p. 96; WH s Appendix, p. 146; Winer s Grammar, § 5,1a.; Buttmann, p. 10f) It is used:

1. universally, by way of opposition and distinction; it is added to statements opposed to a preceding statement: ἐάν ὀφθαλμός κτλ. Matthew 6:23; ἐλεύσονται δέ ἡμέραι, Mark 2:20; it opposes persons to persons or things previously mentioned or thought of — either with strong emphasis: ἐγώ δέ, Matthew 5:22,28, 32,34, 39,44; ἡμεῖς δέ, 1 Corinthians 1:23; 2 Corinthians 10:13; σύ δέ, Matthew 6:6; ὑμεῖς δέ, Mark 8:29; οἱ δέ υἱοί τῆς βασιλείας, Matthew 8:12; αἱ ἀλώπεκες ... δέ υἱός τοῦ ἀνθρώπου Matthew 8:20; Luke 9:58; πᾶς λαός ... οἱ δέ φαρισαῖοι, Luke 7:29f; δέ πνευματικός, 1 Corinthians 2:15, and often; — or with a slight discrimination, δέ, αὐτός δέ: Mark 1:45; Mark 5:34; Mark 6:37; Mark 7:6; Matthew 13:29,37, 52; Matthew 15:23 ff; Luke 4:40,43; Luke 5:16; Luke 6:8; Luke 8:10,54; Luke 15:29; οἱ δέ, Matthew 2:5; Mark 3:4; Mark 8:28, etc., etc.; with the addition also of a proper name, as δέ Ἰησοῦς: Matthew 8:22 ( Tdf. omits Ἰησοῦς); Matthew 9:12> ( R G Tr brackets); Matthew 9:22> ( Tdf. omits Ἰησοῦς); Matthew 13:57>; Mark 1:41 ( R G L marginal reading Tr marginal reading); ἀποκροκριθεις δέ () Σίμων, Luke 7:43 R G L brackets; δέ Μαρία, Luke 2:19, etc.

2. μέν ... δέ, see μέν.

3. after negative sentences, but, but rather (German wohl aber): Matthew 6:19f (μή θησαυρίζετε ... θησαυρίζετε δέ); Matthew 10:5> f; Acts 12:9,14; Romans 3:4; Romans 4:5; 1 Corinthians 1:10; 1 Corinthians 7:37; 1 Thessalonians 5:21 (not Rec.); Ephesians 4:14; Hebrews 2:5; Hebrews 4:13,15; Hebrews 9:12; Hebrews 10:26; Hebrews 12:13; 1 Peter 1:12 (οὐχ ἑαυτοῖς ὑμῖν ( Rec. ἡμῖν) δέ); James 1:13; James 2:11.

4. it is joined to terms which are repeated with a certain emphasis, and with such additions as tend to explain and establish them more exactly; in this use of the particle we may supply a suppressed negative clause and give its force in English by inserting I say, and that, so then, etc.): Romans 3:21 f (not that common δικαιοσύνη which the Jews boasted of and strove after, but δικαιοσυνεσς ... διά πίστεως); Romans 9:30; 1 Corinthians 2:6 (σοφίαν δέ οὐ τοῦ αἰῶνος τούτου); Galatians 2:2 (I went up, not of my own accord, but etc.); Philippians 2:8; cf. Klotz ad Dev. ii. 2, p. 361 f; L. Dindorf in Stephanus Thesaurus ii. Colossians 928; (cf. Winer's Grammar, 443 (412)).

5. it serves to mark a transition to something new (δέ metabatic); by this use of the particle, the new addition is distinguished from and, as it were, opposed to what goes before: Matthew 1:18; Matthew 2:19; Matthew 10:21; Luke 12:13; Luke 13:1; John 7:14,37; Acts 6:1; Romans 8:28; 1 Corinthians 7:1; 1 Corinthians 8:1, etc., etc.; so also in the phrase ἐγένετο δέ, see γίνομαι, 2c.

6. it introduces explanations and separates them from the things to be explained: John 3:19; John 6:39; 1 Corinthians 1:12; 1 Corinthians 7:6,29; Ephesians 5:32, etc.; — especially remarks and explanations intercalated into the discourse, or added, as it were, by way of appendix: Mark 5:13 (ἦσαν δέ etc. R L brackets); Mark 15:25; 16:8> ( R G); John 6:10; John 9:14; John 12:3; τοῦτο δέ γέγονε, Matthew 1:22; Matthew 21:4. Owing to this use, the particle not infrequently came to be confounded in the manuscripts (of secular writings also) with γάρ; cf. Winer on Galatians 1:11; Fritzsche on Mark 14:2; also his Commentary on Romans , vol. i., pp. 234,265; ii., p. 476; iii., p. 196; ( Winer s Grammar, 452 (421); Buttmann, 363 (312)).

7. after a parenthesis or an explanation which had led away from the subject under discussion, it serves to take up the discourse again (cf. Winer's Grammar, 443 (412)): Matthew 3:4; Luke 4:1; Romans 5:8; 2 Corinthians 2:12; 2 Corinthians 5:8; 2 Corinthians 10:2; Ephesians 2:4; cf. Klotz ad Devar. ii. 2, p. 376f.

8. it introduces the apodosis and, as it were, opposes it to the protasis: Acts 11:17 R G ( 1 Maccabees 14:29; 2 Maccabees 1:34); after a participial construction which has the force of a protasis: Colossians 1:22 (21); cf. Matthiae 2:1470; Kühner, 2:818; ( Jelf, § 770); Klotz as above, p. 370f; ( Buttmann, 364 (312)).

9. καί ... δέ, but ... also, yea and, moreover also: Matthew 10:18; Matthew 16:18; Luke 2:35 ( WH text omits; L Tr brackets δέ); John 6:51; John 15:27; Acts 3:24; Acts 22:29; Romans 11:23; 2 Timothy 3:12; 1 John 1:3; 2 Peter 1:5; cf. Klotz as above, p. 645f; Buttmann, 364 (312); (also Winer's Grammar, 443 (413); Ellicott on 1 Timothy 3:10; Meyer on John 6:51). ἐάν δέ yea even if: John 8:16.

10. δέ never stands as the first word in the sentence, but generally second; and when the words to which it is added cannot be separated, it stands third (as in Matthew 10:11; Matthew 18:25; Mark 4:34; Luke 10:31; Acts 17:6; Acts 28:6; Galatians 3:23; 2 Timothy 3:8, etc.; in οὐ μόνον δέ, Romans 5:3,11, etc.), or even in the fourth place, Matthew 10:18; John 6:51; John 8:16; 1 John 1:3; 1 Corinthians 4:18; ( Luke 22:69 L T Tr WH).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

δέ

(before vowels δ᾽ ; on the general neglect of the elision in NT, v. WE, App., 146; Tdf., Pr., 96), post-positive conjunctive particle;

1. copulative, but, in the next place, and, now (Abbott, JG, 104): Matthew 1:2 ff., 2 Corinthians 6:15-16, 2 Peter 1:5-7; in repetition for emphasis, Romans 3:21-22; Romans 9:30, 1 Corinthians 2:6, Galatians 2:2, Philippians 2:8; in transition to something new, Matthew 1:18; Matthew 2:19, Luke 13:1, John 7:14, Acts 6:1, Romans 8:28, 1 Corinthians 7:1; 1 Corinthians 8:1, al.; in explanatory parenthesis or addition, John 3:19, Romans 5:8, 1 Corinthians 1:12, Ephesians 2:4; Ephesians 5:32, al.; ὡς δέ , John 2:9; καὶ ... δέ , but also, Matthew 10:18, Luke 1:76, John 6:51, Romans 11:23, al.; καὶ ἐὰν δέ , yea even if, John 8:16.

2. Adversative, but, on the other hand, prop., answering to a foregoing C (q.v.), and distinguishing a word or clause from one preceding (in NT most freq. without μέν ; Bl., § 77, 12): ἐὰν δέ , Matthew 6:14; Matthew 6:23, al.; ἐγὼ (σὺ , etc.) δέ , Matthew 5:22; Matthew 6:6, Mark 8:29, al.; ὁ δέ , αὐτὸς δέ , Mark 1:45, Luke 4:40, al.; after a negation, Matthew 6:19-20, Romans 3:4, 1 Thessalonians 5:21, al.


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
List of Word Forms
δ δ' ΔΕ δέ δὲ δι' καὶ τε d d' DE dé dè kai kaì te

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