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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #1380 - δοκέω

Transliteration
dokéō
Phonetics
dok-eh'-o  
Word Origin
a prolonged form of a primary verb, doko {dok'-o} (used only in an alternate in certain tenses; cf the base of 1166) of the same meaning
Parts of Speech
verb
TDNT
2:232,178
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to be of opinion, think, suppose
  2. to seem, to be accounted, reputed
  3. it seems to me
    1. I think, judge: thus in question
    2. it seems good to, pleased me, I determined
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 559 ‑ אָמַר (aw‑mar');  1961 ‑ הָיָה (haw‑yaw');  2803 ‑ חָשַׁב (khaw‑shab');  2895 ‑ טוֹב (tobe);  3474 ‑ יָשַׁר (yaw‑shar');  5068 ‑ נָדַב (naw‑dab');  5375 ‑ נָסָה (naw‑saw', naw‑saw');  6634 ‑ צְבָה (tseb‑aw');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (63) NAS (63) HCS (60)
Matthew 10
Mark 2
Luke 11
John 7
Acts 9
1 Corinthians 9
2 Corinthians 3
Galatians 4
Philippians 1
Hebrews 4
James 2
Matthew 10
Mark 2
Luke 10
John 8
Acts 9
1 Corinthians 9
2 Corinthians 3
Galatians 4
Philippians 1
Hebrews 4
James 2
Matthew 10
Mark 2
Luke 10
John 8
Acts 8
1 Corinthians 9
2 Corinthians 3
Galatians 4
Philippians 1
Hebrews 3
James 2
BYZ TIS TR
V-AAI-1S 1
V-AAI-3P 2
V-AAI-3S 4
V-AAP-NPM 1
V-AAS-1S 1
V-AAS-2P 1
V-AAS-3S 2
V-IAI-3P 2
V-IAI-3S 1
V-PAI-1P 1
V-PAI-1S 3
V-PAI-2P 9
V-PAI-2S 1
V-PAI-3P 1
V-PAI-3S 20
V-PAM-2P 1
V-PAN 1
V-PAP-ASN 1
V-PAP-DPM 1
V-PAP-GPM 1
V-PAP-NPM 3
V-PAP-NPN 1
V-PAP-NSF 1
V-PAP-NSM 1
V-PAS-3S 1
V-AAI-1S 1
V-AAI-3P 2
V-AAI-3S 1
V-AAP-NPM 2
V-AAS-1S 1
V-AAS-2P 1
V-AAS-3S 2
V-IAI-3P 2
V-IAI-3S 1
V-PAI-1P 1
V-PAI-1S 1
V-PAI-2P 8
V-PAI-2S 1
V-PAI-3P 1
V-PAI-3S 20
V-PAM-2P 1
V-PAN 1
V-PAP-ASN 1
V-PAP-DPM 1
V-PAP-GPM 1
V-PAP-NPM 3
V-PAP-NPN 1
V-PAP-NSF 1
V-PAP-NSM 1
V-PAS-3S 1
V-AAI-1S 1
V-AAI-3P 2
V-AAI-3S 5
V-AAP-NPM 1
V-AAS-1S 1
V-AAS-2P 1
V-AAS-3S 2
V-IAI-3P 2
V-IAI-3S 1
V-PAI-1P 1
V-PAI-1S 3
V-PAI-2P 9
V-PAI-2S 1
V-PAI-3P 1
V-PAI-3S 20
V-PAM-2P 1
V-PAN 1
V-PAP-ASN 1
V-PAP-DPM 1
V-PAP-GPM 1
V-PAP-NPM 3
V-PAP-NPN 1
V-PAP-NSF 1
V-PAP-NSM 1
V-PAS-3S 1
NA WH
V-AAI-1S 1
V-AAI-3P 2
V-AAI-3S 5
V-AAP-NPM 2
V-AAS-1S 2
V-AAS-2P 1
V-AAS-3S 3
V-IAI-3P 2
V-IAI-3S 1
V-PAI-1P 1
V-PAI-1S 2
V-PAI-2P 11
V-PAI-2S 1
V-PAI-3P 1
V-PAI-3S 20
V-PAM-2P 1
V-PAN 1
V-PAP-ASN 1
V-PAP-DPM 1
V-PAP-GPM 1
V-PAP-NPM 3
V-PAP-NPN 1
V-PAP-NSF 1
V-PAP-NSM 1
V-PAS-3S 1


Thayer's Expanded Definition
 δοκέω, δοκῶ; imperfect ἐδόκουν; 1aorist ἔδοξα; (akin to δέχομαι or δέκομαι, whence δοκός an assumption, opinion (cf. Latin decus, decet, dignus; Curtius, § 15; cf. his Das Verbum, i., pp. 376,382)); (from Homer down);

1. to be of opinion, think, suppose: followed by an accusative with an infinitive, Mark 6:49 ( R G L Tr); 2 Corinthians 11:16; 1 Corinthians 12:23; with an infinitive relating to the same subject as that of δοκέω itself, Luke 8:18 ( δοκεῖ ἔχειν); Luke 24:37 (ἐδόκουν πνεῦμα θεωρεῖν); John 5:39; John 16:2; Acts 12:9; Acts 27:13; 1 Corinthians 3:18; 1 Corinthians 7:40; 1 Corinthians 8:2; 1 Corinthians 10:12; 1 Corinthians 14:37; Galatians 6:3; Philippians 3:4; James 1:26; μή δόξητε λέγειν ἐν ἑαυτοῖς do not suppose that ye may think, Matthew 3:9; cf. Fritzsche at the passage followed by ὅτι, Matthew 6:7; Matthew 26:53; ( Mark 6:49 T WH); Luke 12:51; Luke 13:2,4; Luke 19:11; John 5:45; John 11:13 (John 11:31> T Tr WH); John 13:29; 20:15>; 1 Corinthians 4:9; 2 Corinthians 12:19; James 4:5, so used that the object is easily understood from the context: Matthew 24:44 ( ὥρα οὐ δοκεῖτε υἱός τοῦ ἀνθρώπου ἔρχεται); Luke 12:40; Luke 17:9 ( R G L brackets Tr marginal reading brackets); forming a parenthesis in the midst of a question: πόσῳ, δοκεῖτε, χείρονος ἀξιωθήσεται τιμωρίας; Hebrews 10:29; ( Aristophanes Aeharn. 12 πῶς τουτ' ἐσεισε μου, δοκεῖς, τήν καρδίαν; Anacreon () 40,15 (i. e., 35 (33), 16) πόσον, δοκεῖς, πονουσιν, ἔρως, ὅσους σύ βαλλεις;). (Synonym: see ἡγέομαι, at the end)

2. intransitive, to seem, be accounted, reputed: Luke 10:36; Luke 22:24; Acts 17:18; Acts 25:27; 1 Corinthians 12:22; 2 Corinthians 10:9; Hebrews 12:11; ἔδοξα ἐμαυτῷ δεῖν πρᾶξαι, I seemed to myself, i. e. I thought, Acts 26:9 (cf. Buttmann, 111 (97)); οἱ δοκοῦντες ἄρχειν those that are accounted to rule, who are recognized as rulers, Mark 10:42; οἱ δοκοῦντες εἶναι τί those who are reputed to be somewhat (of importance), and therefore have influence, Galatians 2:6 (9) ( Plato, Euthyd., p. 303c.); simply, οἱ δοκοῦντες those highly esteemed, of repute, looked up to, influential, Galatians 2:2 (often in Greek writings as Euripides, Hec. 295, where cf. Schafer; (cf. Winer's Grammar, § 45,7)). By way of courtesy, things certain are sometimes said δοκεῖν, as in Hebrews 4:1 (cf. Cicero, offic. 3,2, 6 ut tute tibi defuisse videare); 1 Corinthians 11:16 (but cf. Meyer at the passage); cf. Winer's Grammar, § 65,7c.

3. impersonally, δοκεῖ μοι, it seems to me; i. e.

a. I think, judge": thus in questions, τί σοι (ὑμῖν) δοκεῖ; Matthew 17:25; Matthew 18:12; Matthew 21:28; Matthew 22:17,42; Matthew 26:66; John 11:56; κατά τό δοκοῦν αὐτοῖς as seemed good to them, Hebrews 12:10 ( Lucian, Tim. § 25, and παρά τό δοκοῦν ἡμῖν, Thucydides 1,84).

b. ἔδοξε μοι it seemed good to, pleased, me; I determined: followed by an infinitive, Luke 1:3; Acts 15:22,25, 28,34 Rec.; also often in Greek writings. Compare: εὐδοκέω, συνδοκέω, εὐδοκέω. [ SYNONYMS: δοκεῖν 2, φαίνεσθαι: φαίνεσθαι (primarily of luminous bodies) makes reference to the actual external appearance, generally correct but possibly deceptive; δοκεῖν refers to the subjective judgment, which may or may not conform to the fact. Hence, such a combination as δοκεῖ φαίνεσθαι is no pleonasm. Cf. Trench, § lxxx.; Schmidt, chapter 15.]

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

δοκέω , -

(< δόκος , opinion, < δέκομαι , Ion, form of δέχ -),

[in LXX for H2895, H5068, etc.;]

1. to be of opinion, suppose: Matthew 24:44, Luke 12:40, Hebrews 10:29; c. inf., Matthew 3:9, Luke 8:18; Luke 24:37, John 5:39; John 16:2, Acts 12:9; Acts 27:13, 1 Corinthians 3:18; 1 Corinthians 7:40; 1 Corinthians 8:2; 1 Corinthians 10:12; 1 Corinthians 14:37, Galatians 6:3, Philippians 3:4, James 1:26; c. acc et inf., 1 Corinthians 12:23, 2 Corinthians 11:16; seq. ὅτι , Matthew 6:7; Matthew 26:53, Mark 6:49, Luke 12:51; Luke 13:2; Luke 13:4; Luke 19:11, John 5:45; John 11:13; John 11:31; John 13:29; John 20:15, 1 Corinthians 4:9, 2 Corinthians 12:19, James 4:5.

2. to seem, be reputed: Acts 25:27; c. inf., Mark 10:42, Luke 10:36; Luke 22:24, Acts 17:13; Acts 26:9, 1 Corinthians 11:16; 1 Corinthians 12:22, 2 Corinthians 10:9, Galatians 2:6; Galatians 2:9, Hebrews 4:1; Hebrews 12:11; οἱ δοκοῦντες , those of repute, Galatians 2:2. Impers., it seems, c. dat. pers.;

(a) to think: Matthew 17:25; Matthew 18:12; Matthew 21:28; Matthew 22:17; Matthew 22:42; Matthew 26:66, John 11:56, Hebrews 12:10;

(b) to please, seem good to: c. inf., Luke 1:3, Acts 15:22; Acts 15:25; Acts 15:23; Acts 15:34.†

SYN.

(δοκέω 1 G1380): ἡγέομαι 2 G2233, νομίζω 2 G3543, οἴομαι G3633; . and ν . properly express belief resting on external proof, . denoting the more careful judgment; δ . and οἴ . imply a subjective judgment which in the case of οἴ . is based on feeling, in δ . on thought (v. Schmidt, c. 17).

(δοκέω 2. G1380): φαίνομαι G5316; φ ,., from the standpoint of the object, "expresses how a matter phenomenally shows and presents itself"; δ ., from the standpoint of the observer, expresses one's subjective judgment about a matter (v. Tr., Syn., LXXx; Cremer, 204).


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The verb is naturally common, e.g. P Par 49.16 (B.C. 164–58) εἶπα αὐτῷ μὴ ἐμὲ ἀξιοῦν, ἀλλά, δόξαντα ἀδελφὸν αὐτοῦ ἐν τῇ αὐλῇ εἶναι, παραγίνεσθαι, P Oxy VII. 1027.9 (i/A.D.) ὑπόμνημα ἀφ᾽ οὗ ἔδοξεν δυνήσασθαι ἐμποδισθῆναί μου τὴν πρᾶξιν, ";a memorandum by means of which he hoped that my execution might be prevented"; (Ed.), ib. 1032.38 (A.D. 162) ἐάν σου τῇ τύχῃ δόξῃ, ";if your fortune sees fit."; For other exx. of this last phrase we may cite P Petr I. 26.7 (B.C. 241) ἐάν σοι δοκεῖ, P Oxy IV. 718.24 (A.D. 180–92) ἐάν σοι δόξῃ, and ib. IX. 1220.5 (iii/A.D.) ἦ δοκῖ σοι, κύριέ μου, πέμψε μοι κέρμα; ";would you be pleased, sir, to send me some money?"; (Ed.). In P Oxy IX. 1218.7 (iii/A.D.) δοκῶ is used absolutely, as in 1 Corinthians 4:9ἡ μήτηρ μου Θαῆσις εἰς Ἀντινόου, δοκῶ, ἐπὶ κηδίαν ἀπῆλθεν, ";my mother Thaësis went, I think, to Antinoöpolis for a funeral"; (Ed.) : cf. P Amh II. 64.6 (A.D. 108) δο ̣κ ̣ω ̣̑ μοι. For the more official usage of δοκέω = ";censeo,"; see OGIS 233.10 (B.C. 226–3) ἔδοξε τῆι ἐκκλησίαι πρυτάνεων εἰπάντων κτλ., Priene 105.78 (c. B.C. 9) ἔδοξεν τοῖς ἐπὶ τῆς Ἀσίας Ἕλλησιν · γνώμη κτλ. : cf. P Tebt II. 335.15 (a petition to the Praefect (?)—middle of iii/A.D.) εἰ δ ̣έ τι τοιοῦτον ἔδοξας κελεύειν, ";if you really did vouchsafe to give such orders"; (Edd.). For δοκέω followed by the acc. and inf., as in 2 Corinthians 11:16, cf. P Tebt II. 413.6 (ii/iiiA.D.) μὴ δόξῃς με, κυρί [α ], ἠμεληκέναι σου τῶν ἐντολῶν, ";do not think, mistress, that I am negligent of your commands"; (Edd.). In P Ryl II. 229.15 (A.D. 38) we find it with partic.—δοκῶ γὰρ συναιρόμενος πρὸς σὲ λογάριον, ";for I expect to make up an account without you"; (Edd.). The personal constr. c. inf. predominates : note BGU IV. 1141.9 (c. B.C. 14) οὐδὲ σὲ γὰρ δοκῶι εἰς ἐνφα [ν ]ιστοῦ τόπον με ἔχειν, ib. .15 ἐγὼ μὲν οὐ δοκῶι ἄξιος εἶναι ὑβρίζεσθαιper contra add P Oxy VI. 937.17 (iii/A.D.) παρατηρεῖσθαι αὐτὴν μὴ δόξῃ αὐτῷ τῷ Ἀ. λαβ ̣ [σ ]αι τὴν φιάλην, ";to keep a watch on it, lest A. should determine to take the bowl"; (Edd.), CP Herm 26.8 (a procès verbal) ὃ ἐὰν αὐτοῦ δόξῃ τῷ μεγέθι, ";whatever his highness shall determine.";

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
δοκει δοκεί δοκεῖ δοκειν δοκείν δοκεῖν δοκεις δοκείς δοκεῖς δοκειτε δοκείτε δοκεῖτε δοκη δοκή δοκῇ δοκουμεν δοκούμεν δοκοῦμεν δοκουν δοκούν δοκοῦν δοκουντα δοκούντα δοκοῦντα δοκουντες δοκούντες δοκοῦντες δοκουντων δοκούντων δοκουσα δοκούσα δοκοῦσα δοκούσαι δοκούσι δοκουσιν δοκοῦσιν δοκω δοκώ δοκῶ δοκων δοκών δοκῶν δόξαντα δοξαντες δόξαντες δόξει δοξη δόξη δόξῃ δοξητε δόξητε δοξω δόξω εδοκει εδόκει ἐδόκει εδοκουν εδόκουν ἐδόκουν εδοξα έδοξα ἔδοξα εδοξαν έδοξαν ἔδοξαν εδοξε έδοξε ἔδοξε εδοξεν έδοξεν ἔδοξεν doke dokē dokei dokeî dokêi dokē̂i dokein dokeîn dokeis dokeîs dokeite dokeîte doko dokô dokō dokō̂ dokon dokôn dokōn dokō̂n dokoumen dokoûmen dokoun dokoûn dokounta dokoûnta dokountes dokoûntes dokounton dokountōn dokoúnton dokoúntōn dokousa dokoûsa dokousin dokoûsin doxantes dóxantes doxe doxē dóxei dóxēi doxete doxēte dóxete dóxēte doxo doxō dóxo dóxō edokei edókei edokoun edókoun edoxa édoxa edoxan édoxan edoxe édoxe edoxen édoxen

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