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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #1468 - ἐγκρατής

Word Origin
from (1722) and (2904)
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. strong, robust
  2. having power over, possessed of (a thing)
  3. mastering, controlling, curbing, restraining
    1. controlling one's self, temperate, continent
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (1) NAS (1) HCS (1)
Titus 1
Titus 1
Titus 1

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 ἐγκρατής (see ἐν, III:3), ἐγκρατες (κράτος);

1. properly, equivalent to ἐν κράτει ὤν, strong, robust: Aeschylus, Thucydides, and following.

2. having power over, possessed of (a thing), with a genitive of the object; so from ( Sophocles and) Herodotus down.

3. mastering, controlling, curbing, restraining: ἀφροδισιων, Xenophon, mere. 1,2, 1; ἠδωνης, ibid. 4,5, 10; ἑαυτοῦ, Plato; absolutely (without a genitive), controlling oneself, temperate, continent, (( Aristotle, eth. Nic. 7,4, p. 1146{b}, 10ff); Sirach 26:15; Wisdom of Solomon 8:21; Philo de Jos. § 11): Titus 1:8.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

** ἐγκρατής , -ές

(< κράτος ),

[in LXX: Wisdom of Solomon 8:20, Sirach 6:27; Sirach 15:1; Sirach 26:15; Sirach 27:30, al.;]

1. strong, powerful.

2. C. gen. rei, master of, hence,

3. (sc. ἑαυτοῦ ), self-controlled, exercising self-control: Titus 1:8.†

SYN.: σώφρων G4998 (v. reff. s. ἐγκράτεια G1466).

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For . in its more literal sense of ";having power over"; cf. P Tebt I. 39.29 (B.C. 114) where certain assailants are described as ἡμῶν ἐγκρατεῖς γενόμενοι, and so ib. 230 (late ii/B.C.). The weaker sense, ";possessed of,"; as in Wisdom of Solomon 8:21, appears in P Rein 18.12 (B.C. 108) ὁ ἐγκαλούμενος ἐγκρατὴς ̣ γενόμενος τῶν συναλλάξ [ε ]ων, P Oxy VI. 898.19 (A.D. 123) ταύτης ἐνκρατὴς γενομένη, with reference to a deed, and BGU I. 168.8 (A.D. 169) [ν ]κρ [α ]τ [ὴς ] ἐγένετο π ̣[ ]ντων τῶν [ ]νηκόντων τοῖ [ς ἀφ ]ήλιξι. From the new literature we may cite P Oxy III. 413.160 (a mime—ii/A.D.) νῦν τοῦ γέροντ (ος) ἐνκρατὴς θέλω γενέσ (θαι) πρίν τι τούτ (ων) ἐπιγνοῖ, Menandrea p. 54.228 τοῦ παιδίο ̣υ ̣ ἐγκρατῆ. On the composition of the word see Moulton Gr. ii. § 118 (c), where it is shown that since κράτος suggests the possession of strength, as βία the using of it, ἐν κράτει ὤν, = ";self-controlled,"; involves only the specializing reference to moral κράτος.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εγκρατη εγκρατή ἐγκρατῆ enkrate enkratê enkratē enkratē̂

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