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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #2041 - ἔργον

Transliteration
érgon
Phonetics
er'-gon  
Word Origin
from a primary (but obsolete) ergo (to work)
Parts of Speech
Noun Neuter
TDNT
2:635,251
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. business, employment, that which any one is occupied
    1. that which one undertakes to do, enterprise, undertaking
  2. any product whatever, any thing accomplished by hand, art, industry, or mind
  3. an act, deed, thing done: the idea of working is emphasised in opp. to that which is less than work
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 734 ‑ אֹרַח (o'‑rakh);  1576 ‑ גְּמוּל (ghem‑ool');  1697 ‑ דָּבָר (daw‑bawr');  1870 ‑ דֶּרֶךְ (deh'‑rek);  2706 ‑ חֹק (khoke);  3018 ‑ יְגִיעַ (yeg‑ee'‑ah);  3627 ‑ כְּלִי (kel‑ee');  3948 ‑ לֶקַח (leh'‑kakh);  4193 ‑ מוֹת (mohth);  4390 ‑ מָלָא (maw‑lay', maw‑law');  4399 ‑ מְלָאכָה (mel‑aw‑kaw');  4522 ‑ מִס (mas, mees);  4853 ‑ מַשָּׂא (mas‑saw');  4916 ‑ מִשְׁלָח ((1,2) mish‑lo'‑akh, mish‑lawkh');  5450 ‑ סִבְלוֹת (seb‑aw‑law');  5647 ‑ עָבַד (aw‑bad');  5647 ‑ עָבַד (aw‑bad');  5656 ‑ עֲבוֹדָה (ab‑o‑daw', ab‑o‑daw');  5656 ‑ עֲבוֹדָה (ab‑o‑daw', ab‑o‑daw');  5949 ‑ עֲלִלָה (al‑ee‑law', al‑ee‑law');  6098 ‑ עֵצָה (ay‑tsaw');  6213 ‑ עָשָׂה (aw‑saw');  6466 ‑ פָּעַל (paw‑al');  6467 ‑ פֹּעַל (po'‑al);  6486 ‑ פְּקֻדָּה (pek‑ood‑daw');  7200 ‑ רָאָה (raw‑aw');  8441 ‑ תּוֹעֵבָה (to‑ay‑baw', to‑ay‑baw');  8457 ‑ תַּזְנֻת (taz‑nooth', taz‑nooth');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (176) NAS (169) HCS (169)
Matthew 5
Mark 2
Luke 2
John 25
Acts 10
Romans 15
1 Corinthians 7
2 Corinthians 3
Galatians 6
Ephesians 4
Philippians 3
Colossians 3
1 Thessalonians 2
2 Thessalonians 2
1 Timothy 5
2 Timothy 6
Titus 7
Hebrews 11
James 12
1 Peter 2
2 Peter 2
1 John 3
2 John 1
3 John 1
Jude 1
Revelation 21
Matthew 6
Mark 2
Luke 2
John 25
Acts 9
Romans 15
1 Corinthians 7
2 Corinthians 3
Galatians 6
Ephesians 4
Philippians 3
Colossians 3
1 Thessalonians 2
2 Thessalonians 2
1 Timothy 5
2 Timothy 6
Titus 7
Hebrews 10
James 12
1 Peter 2
2 Peter 2
1 John 3
2 John 1
3 John 1
Jude 1
Revelation 19
Matthew 6
Mark 2
Luke 2
John 27
Acts 10
Romans 15
1 Corinthians 8
2 Corinthians 3
Galatians 8
Ephesians 4
Philippians 3
Colossians 3
1 Thessalonians 2
2 Thessalonians 2
1 Timothy 6
2 Timothy 6
Titus 8
Hebrews 9
James 15
1 Peter 2
2 Peter 2
1 John 3
2 John 1
3 John 1
Jude 1
Revelation 20
BYZ TIS TR
N-APN 45
N-ASN 29
N-DPN 13
N-DSN 10
N-GPN 43
N-GSN 8
N-NPN 16
N-NSN 10
N-APN 43
N-ASN 30
N-DPN 13
N-DSN 10
N-GPN 42
N-GSN 8
N-NPN 15
N-NSN 8
N-APN 46
N-ASN 30
N-DPN 13
N-DSN 10
N-GPN 43
N-GSN 8
N-NPN 16
N-NSN 10
NA WH
A-DSN 1
N-APN 43
N-ASN 31
N-DPN 12
N-DSN 9
N-GPN 39
N-GSN 8
N-NPN 15
N-NSN 7
PREP 1
T-GPN 2
N-APN 44
N-ASN 35
N-DPN 14
N-DSN 10
N-GPN 43
N-GSN 8
N-NPN 16
N-NSN 8


Thayer's Expanded Definition
 ἔργον, ἔργου, τό, anciently Φεργον (German Werk, (English work; cf. Vanicek, p. 922)); the Sept. for פֹּעַל, עֲבֹדָה and countless times for מְלָאכָה and מַעֲשֶׂה; work, i. e.

1. business, employment, that with which anyone is occupied: Mark 13:34 (διδόναι τίνι τό ἔργον αὐτοῦ); Acts 14:26 (πληροῦν); 1 Timothy 3:1; thus of the work of salvation committed by God to Christ: διδόναι and τελειουν, John 17:4; of the work to be done by the apostles and other Christian teachers, as well as by the presiding officers of the religious assemblies, Acts 13:2; Acts 15:38; 1 Thessalonians 5:13; Philippians 1:22; τό ἔργον τίνος, genitive of the subjunctive, the work which one does, service which one either performs or ought to perform, 1 Thessalonians 5:13; ἔργον ποιεῖν τίνος to do the work of one (i. e. incumbent upon him), εὐαγγελιστοῦ, 2 Timothy 4:5; τό ἔργον τίνος i. e. assigned by one and to be done for his sake: τό ἔργον τοῦ Θεοῦ τελειουν, used of Christ, John 4:34; (τοῦ) Χριστοῦ ( WH text Tr marginal reading κυρίου), Philippians 2:30; τοῦ κυρίου, 1 Corinthians 15:58; 1 Corinthians 16:10; with genitive of thing, εἰς ἔργον διακονίας, Ephesians 4:12, which means either to the work in which the ministry consists, the work performed in undertaking the ministry, or to the execution of the ministry. of that which one undertakes to do, enterprise, undertaking: Acts 5:38 ( Deuteronomy 15:10; Wisdom of Solomon 2:12).

2. any product whatever, anything accomplished by hand, art, industry, mind (equivalent to ποίημα, κτίσμα): 1 Corinthians 3:13-15; with the addition of τῶν χειρῶν, things formed by the hand of Prayer of Manasseh , Acts 7:41; of the works of God visible in the created world, Hebrews 1:10, and often in the Sept.; τά ἐν τῇ γῆ ἔργα, the works of nature and of art (Bengel), 2 Peter 3:10; of the arrangements of God for men's salvation: Acts 15:18 Rec.; τό ἔργον τοῦ Θεοῦ, what God works in Prayer of Manasseh , i. e. a life dedicated to God and Christ, Romans 14:20; to the same effect, substantially, ἔργον ἀγαθόν, Philippians 1:6 (see ἀγαθός, 2); τά ἔργα τοῦ διαβόλου, sins and all the misery that springs from them, 1 John 3:8.

3. an Acts , deed, thing done: the idea of working is emphasized in opposed to that which is less than work, James 1:25; Titus 1:16; τό ἔργον is distinguished from λόγος: Luke 24:19; Romans 15:18; 2 Corinthians 10:11; Colossians 3:17; 2 Thessalonians 2:17; 1 John 3:18 ( Sirach 3:8); plural ἐν λόγοις καί ἐν ἔργοις, Acts 7:22 ( 4 Maccabees 5:38 (37); for the same or similar contrasts, common in Greek writings, see Fritzsche on Romans , iii., p. 268f; Bergler on Alciphron, p. 54; Bornemann and Kühner, on Xenophon, mem. 2,3, 6; Passow, under the word, p. 1159; (Liddell and Scott, under the word, I:4; Lob. Paralip., pp. 64f, 525f)). ἔργα is used of the acts of God — both as creator, Hebrews 4:10; and as governor, John 9:3; Acts 13:41; Revelation 15:3; of sundry signal acts of Christ, to rouse men to believe in him and to accomplish their salvation: Matthew 11:2 (cf. ἔργα τῆς σοφίας Matthew 11:19 T WH Tr text), and especially in the Gospel of John , as John 5:20,36; John 7:3; John 10:38; John 14:11; John 15:24, (cf. Grimm, Instit. theol. dogmat., p. 63, edition 2); they are called τά ἔργα τοῦ πατρός, i. e. done at the bidding and by the aid of the Father, John 10:37; John 9:3f, cf. John 10:25,32; John 14:10; καλά, as beneficent, John 10:32 f; and connected with the verbs δεικνύναι, ποιεῖν, ἐργάζεσθαι, τελειουν. ἔργα is applied to the conduct of men, measured by the standard of religion and righteousness — whether bad, Matthew 23:3; Luke 11:48; John 3:20; Revelation 2:6; Revelation 16:11, etc.; or good, John 3:21; James 2:14,17f, 20-22,24-26; James 3:13; Revelation 2:5,9 ( Rec.),Revelation 2:19>; Revelation 3:8>; νόμος ἔργων, the law which demands good works, Romans 3:27; with a suggestion of toil, or struggle with hindrances, in the phrase καταπαύειν ἀπό τῶν ἔργων αὐτοῦ, Hebrews 4:10; to recompense one κατά τά ἔργα αὐτοῦ, Romans 2:6; 2 Timothy 4:14; Revelation 2:23 ( Psalm 61:13 (Psalm 62:13>)), cf. 2 Corinthians 11:15; Revelation 18:6; Revelation 20:12 f; the singular τό ἔργον is used collectively of an aggregate of actions (German das Handeln), James 1:4; τίνος, the genitive of person and subjunctive, his whole way of feeling and acting, his aims and endeavors: Galatians 6:4; 1 Peter 1:17; Revelation 22:12; τό ἔργον τοῦ νόμου, the course of action demanded by the law, Romans 2:15. With epithets: ἀγαθόν ἔργον, i. e. either a benefaction, 2 Corinthians 9:8; plural Acts 9:36; or every good work springing from piety, Romans 2:7; Colossians 1:10; 2 Thessalonians 2:17; Titus 1:16; 2 Timothy 2:21; 2 Timothy 3:17; Hebrews 13:21 ( T WH omit ἔργον); plural Ephesians 2:10; or what harmonizes with the order of society, Romans 13:3; Titus 3:1; ἔργον καλόν, a good deed, noble action (see καλός, b. and c.): Matthew 26:10; Mark 14:6; plural (often in Attic writings), Matthew 5:16; 1 Timothy 5:10,25; 1 Timothy 6:18; Titus 2:7; Titus 3:8,14; Hebrews 10:24; 1 Peter 2:12; τά ἔργα τά ἐν δικαιοσύνη equivalent to τά δίκαια, Titus 3:5; τά ἔργα τοῦ Θεοῦ, the works required and approved by God, John 6:28 ( Jeremiah 31:10 (Jeremiah 48:10>); 1Esdr. 7:9,15), in the same sense ἔργα μου i. e. of Christ, Revelation 2:26; ἔργον πίστεως, wrought by faith, the course of conduct which springs from faith, 1 Thessalonians 1:3; 2 Thessalonians 1:11; ἔργα ἄξια τῆς μετανοίας, Acts 26:20; ἔργα πεπληρωμένα ἐνώπιον τοῦ Θεοῦ, Revelation 3:2; ἔργα πονηρά, Colossians 1:21; 2 John 1:11, cf. John 3:19; John 7:7; 1 John 3:12; ἔργα νεκρά, works devoid of that life which has its source in God, works so to speak unwrought, which at the last judgment will fail of the approval of God and of all reward: Hebrews 6:1; Hebrews 9:14; ἄκαρπα, Ephesians 5:11 (ἄχρηστα, Wisdom of Solomon 3:11; the wicked man μετά τῶν ἔργων αὐτοῦ συναπολειται, the Epistle of Barnabas 21,1 [ET]); ἄνομα, 2 Peter 2:8; ἔργα ἀσεβείας, Jude 1:15; τοῦ σκότους, done in darkness, Romans 13:12; Ephesians 5:11; (opposed to ἔργα τοῦ φωτός, Romans 13:12 L marginal reading); in Paul's writings ἔργα νόμου, works demanded by and agreeing with the law (cf. Wieseler, commentary iib.

d. Br. an d. Galatians , p. 194ff): Romans 3:20,28; Romans 9:32 Rec.; Galatians 2:16; Galatians 3:2,5, 10; and simply ἔργα: Romans 4:2,6; Romans 9:12 (11); Romans 9:32 G L T Tr WH; Romans 11:6; Ephesians 2:9; 2 Timothy 1:9 (see δικαιόω, 3b.). τά ἔργα τίνος ποιεῖν, to do works the same as or like to those of another, to follow in action another's example: Abraham's, John 8:39; that of the devil, John 8:41.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἔργον , -ου , τό

(originally Ϝέργον , work),

[very freq. in LXX, chiefly for H6213, H4399, also for H5656, H6466, etc.;]

1. work, task, employment: Mark 13:34, John 4:34; John 17:4, Acts 13:2, Philippians 1:22; Philippians 2:30, 1 Thessalonians 5:13, al.; of an enterprise or undertaking (Deuteronomy 15:10, Wisdom of Solomon 2:12), Acts 5:38.

2. a deed, action: Titus 1:16, James 1:25; disting. from λόγος , Luke 24:19, Romans 15:18, 2 Thessalonians 2:17, John 3:18; ἐν λόγοις κ . ., Acts 7:22; of acts of God, John 9:3, Acts 13:41 (LXX), Hebrews 4:10, Revelation 15:3; of Christ, Matthew 11:2; esp. in Jo, e.g. John 5:20; John 5:36; John 7:3; John 10:38; John 14:11-12; John 15:24; in ethical sense, of human actions (AR, Eph., 190), bad or good, Matthew 23:3, Luke 11:48, John 3:20-21, James 2:14 ff. James 3:13, Revelation 2:5; Revelation 3:8; τὸ ἔ ., collectively, Galatians 6:4, James 1:4, 1 Peter 1:17, Revelation 22:12; τὸ ἔ . τ . νόμου , Romans 2:15; . ἀγαθόν , Romans 2:7, Colossians 1:10, 2 Thessalonians 2:17, Titus 1:16, al.; καλόν , Matthew 26:10, Mark 14:6; pl. (as freq. in cl.), Matthew 5:16, 1 Timothy 5:10; 1 Timothy 5:25, Hebrews 10:24; . πίοτεως , 1 Thessalonians 1:3, 2 Thessalonians 1:11; . πονηρά , Colossians 1:21, 2 John 1:11; νέκρα , Hebrews 6:1; Hebrews 9:14; ἄκαρπα , Ephesians 5:11; . ἀσεβείας , Judges 1:15; τ . σκότους , Romans 13:12, Ephesians 5:11; . νόμου , Romans 3:20; Romans 3:28, Galatians 2:16; Galatians 3:2; Galatians 3:5; Galatians 3:10.

3. that which is wrought or made, a work: 1 Corinthians 3:13-15; τ . χειρῶν , Acts 7:41; of the works of God, Hebrews 1:10; γῆ κ . τὰ ἐν αὐτῇ ἔ ., 2 Peter 3:10; τὸ ἔ . τ . θεοῦ , Romans 14:20.


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

A few miscellaneous exx. of this common word (MGr ἔργο) will suffice : P Petr II. 11(1).3 (mid. iii/B.C.) εἰ δυνατόν ἐστιν καὶ μηθέν σε τῶν ἔργων κωλύει, πειράθητι ἐλθεῖν εἰς τὰ Ἀρσινόεια, P Par 66.71 (i/B.C.) ὧν τὰ ἔργα ἀναβάλουσιν (l. λλ —), ";whose work is postponed,"; P Oxy XII. 1457.13 (B.C. 4–3) [νους ] θηλήας δύο. . ἐργαζομένας μου τὰ ἴδια ἔργα, P Ryl II. 154.20 (A.D. 66) τὰ κατ᾽ ἔ [το ]ς γεωργικὰ ἔργα πάντα, and P Tebt II. 423.3 (early iii/A.D.) ἄλλοτέ σοι ἔγραψα ὑπομιμνήσκων περὶ τῶν ἔργων. In P Giss I. 20.16 (ii/A.D.) the word is almost = ";sample";—ἐργά [ζο ]μαι τὰ ἔρι ̣α ̣[ . . . ] ε ̣͗γρα [ψας. . ὁποῖ ]ον δέ σοι χρῶ [μ ]α ἀρέσ ̣κει, [δήλω ]σον δι᾽ ἐπι [σ ]τολῆς ἢ μεικρὸν ἔρ [γο ]ν (or ἔρ [ιο ]ν, see s.v. ἀρέσκω) αὐτοῦ π [έμψο ]ν.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εργα εργά έργα έργά ἔργα εργοις έργοις ἔργοις εργον έργον ἔργον εργου εργού έργου ἔργου εργω έργω ἔργῳ εργων έργων ἔργων erga érga ergo ergō érgoi érgōi ergois érgois ergon ergōn érgon érgōn ergou érgou

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