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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #2078 - ἔσχατος

Transliteration
éschatos
Phonetics
es'-khat-os  
Word Origin
a superlative probably from (2192) (in the sense of contiguity)
Parts of Speech
Adjective
TDNT
2:697,264
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. extreme
    1. last in time or in place
    2. last in a series of places
    3. last in a temporal succession
  2. the last
    1. last, referring to time
    2. of space, the uttermost part, the end, of the earth
    3. of rank, grade of worth, last i.e. lowest
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 309 ‑ אָחַר (aw‑khar');  314 ‑ אַחֲרֹן (akh‑ar‑one', akh‑ar‑one');  319 ‑ אַחֲרִית (akh‑ar‑eeth');  622 ‑ אָסַף (aw‑saf');  657 ‑ אֶפֶס (eh'‑fes);  732 ‑ אָרַח (aw‑rakh');  1419 ‑ גָּדֹל (gaw‑dole', gaw‑dole');  3411 ‑ יְרֵכָה (yer‑ay‑kaw');  4801 ‑ מֶרְחָק (mer‑khawk');  5486 ‑ סוּף (soof);  7093 ‑ קֵץ (kates);  7637 ‑ שְׁבִעִי (sheb‑ee‑ee', sheb‑ee‑ee');  8503 ‑ תַּכְלִית (tak‑leeth');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (54) NAS (52) HCS (52)
Matthew 8
Mark 4
Luke 5
John 8
Acts 3
1 Corinthians 5
2 Timothy 1
Hebrews 1
James 1
1 Peter 2
2 Peter 2
1 John 1
Jude 1
Revelation 7
Matthew 8
Mark 4
Luke 5
John 7
Acts 3
1 Corinthians 5
2 Timothy 1
Hebrews 1
James 1
1 Peter 2
2 Peter 2
1 John 1
Jude 1
Revelation 6
Matthew 10
Mark 5
Luke 6
John 7
Acts 3
1 Corinthians 5
2 Timothy 1
Hebrews 1
James 1
1 Peter 2
2 Peter 2
1 John 2
Jude 1
Revelation 6
BYZ TIS TR
A-APF-S 1
A-APM-S 1
A-APN-S 1
A-ASM-S 6
A-DPF-S 3
A-DSF-S 8
A-DSM-S 3
A-GPF-S 1
A-GPM-S 3
A-GSM-S 2
A-GSN-S 2
A-NPM-S 11
A-NPN-S 3
A-NSF-S 4
A-NSM-S 8
A-APF-S 1
A-APM-S 1
A-APN-S 1
A-ASM-S 4
A-ASN-S 2
A-DPF-S 3
A-DSF-S 8
A-DSM-S 2
A-GPF-S 2
A-GPM-S 1
A-GSM-S 4
A-GSN-S 1
A-NPM-S 9
A-NPN-S 3
A-NSF-S 3
A-NSM-S 5
A-APF-S 1
A-APM-S 1
A-APN-S 1
A-ASM-S 5
A-ASN-S 1
A-DPF-S 3
A-DSF-S 8
A-DSM-S 3
A-GPF-S 2
A-GPM-S 3
A-GSM-S 1
A-GSN-S 2
A-NPM-S 9
A-NPN-S 3
A-NSF-S 4
A-NSM-S 7
NA WH
A-APF 1
A-APM 1
A-APN 1
A-ASM 3
A-ASN 2
A-DPF 3
A-DSF 7
A-DSM 2
A-GPF 2
A-GPM 1
A-GSM 2
A-GSN 3
A-NPM 9
A-NPN 3
A-NSF 3
A-NSM 5
T-ASM 1
T-DSF 1
A-APF-S 1
A-APM-S 1
A-APN-S 1
A-ASM-S 5
A-ASN-S 2
A-DPF-S 3
A-DSF-S 8
A-DSM-S 2
A-GPF-S 2
A-GPM-S 1
A-GSM-S 7
A-GSN-S 1
A-NPM-S 9
A-NPN-S 3
A-NSF-S 3
A-NSM-S 6


Thayer's Expanded Definition
 ἔσχατος, ἐσχάτῃ, ἔσχατον (from ἔχω, ἔσχον adhering, clinging close; (according to others ( Curtius, § 583b.) superlative from ἐξ, the outermost)), the Sept. for אַחֲרון, אַחֲרִית; (from Homer down); extreme, last in time or in place;

1. joined to nouns: τόπος, the last in a series of places ( A. V. lowest), Luke 14:9f; in a temporal succession, the last: ἔσχατος ἐχθρός, that remains after the rest have been conquered, 1 Corinthians 15:26; κοδράντης, that remains when the rest have one after another been spent, Matthew 5:26; so λεπτόν, Luke 12:59; ἐσχάτῃ σάλπιγξ, the trumpet after which no other will sound, 1 Corinthians 15:52, cf. Meyer ad loc.; αἱ ἔσχαται πληγαί, Revelation 15:1; Revelation 21:9; ἐσχάτῃ ἡμέρα τῆς ἑορτῆς, John 7:37. When two are contrasted it is equivalent to the latter, opposed to πρῶτος the former ( Deuteronomy 24:1-4): thus τά ἔργα (opposed to τῶν πρώτων), Revelation 2:19; πλάνη, Matthew 27:64 (where the meaning Isaiah , 'lest the latter deception, caused by the false story of his resurrection, do more harm than the former, which was about to produce belief in a false Messiah'); ἔσχατος Ἀδάμ, the latter Adam, i. e. the Messiah (see Ἀδάμ, 1), 1 Corinthians 15:45. ἐσχάτῃ ἡμέρα, the last day (of all days), denotes that with which the present age (הַזֶּה הָעולָם, see αἰών, 3) which precedes the times of the Messiah or the glorious return of Christ from heaven will be closed: John 6:39f, 44 (John 6:54>); John 11:24; 12:48>. of the time nearest the return of Christ from heaven and the consummation of the divine kingdom, the following phrases are used: ἐσχάτῃ ὥρα, 1 John 2:18; ἐν καιρῷ ἐσχάτῳ 1 Peter 1:5; ἐν ἐσχάτῳ χρόνῳ, Jude 1:18 Rec., ἐπ' ἐσχάτου χρόνου Jude 1:10. Tr WH; ἐν ἐσχάταις ἡμέραις, Acts 2:17; James 5:3; 2 Timothy 3:1; for other phrases of the sort see 2a. below; ἐπ' ἐσχάτων τῶν χρόνων, 1 Peter 1:20 R G, see below.

2. , , τό ἔσχατον absolutely or with the genitive,

a. of time: οἱ ἔσχατοι, who had come to work last, Matthew 20:8,12,(14); the meaning of the saying ἔσονται πρῶτοι ἔσχατοι καί ἔσχατοι πρῶτοι is not always the same: in Luke 13:30 it signifies, those who were last invited to enter the divine kingdom will be first to enter when the opportunity comes, i. e. they will be admitted forthwith, while others, and those too who were first among the invited, will be shut out then as coming too late; in Matthew 19:30; Matthew 20:16 it means, the same portion in the future kingdom of God will through his goodness be assigned to those invited last as to those invited first, although the latter may think they deserve something better; cf. Mark 10:31. πρῶτος καί ἔσχατος i. e. the eternal, Revelation 1:11 Rec., Revelation 1:17>; Revelation 2:8; 22:13>. ἔσχατος as a predicate joined to a verb adverbially (cf. Winer's Grammar, 131 (124); § 54,2): Mark 12:6; ἐσχάτῃ ( R G; but see below) πάντων ἀπέθανε, Mark 12:22. ἔσχατον, ἔσχατα, used substantively (cf. Buttmann, 94 (82) § 125,6) in phrases, of the time immediately preceding Christ's return from heaven and the consummation of the divine kingdom: ἐπ' ἐσχάτου or ἐσχάτων τῶν ἡμερῶν, Hebrews 1:2 (1); 2 Peter 3:3 (the Epistle of Barnabas 16,5 [ET]); τῶν χρόνων, 1 Peter 1:20; ἐπ' ἐσχάτου τοῦ χρόνου, Jude 1:18 L T (see 1above, and ἐπί, A. II. at the end), cf. Riehm, Lehrbegr. d. Hebrärbriefes, p. 205f τά ἔσχατα with the genitive of person the last state of one: Matthew 12:45; Luke 11:26; 2 Peter 2:20 (but without the genitive of person). Neuter ἔσχατον, adverb, lastly: (with the genitive of person, Mark 12:22 L T Tr WH); 1 Corinthians 15:8.

b. of space: τό ἔσχατον τῆς γῆς, the uttermost part, the end, of the earth, Acts 1:8; Acts 13:47.

c. of rank, grade of worth, last i. e. lowest: Mark 9:35; John 8:9 Rec.; 1 Corinthians 4:9.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἔσχατος , -η , -ον ,

[in LXX chiefly for H319 H314;]

last, utmost, extreme;

(a) of place: of the lowest or least honoured place, Luke 14:9-10; τ . ἔσχατον , c. gen. part., Acts 1:8; Acts 13:47;

(b) of time: Matthew 20:12; Matthew 20:14, Mark 12:6; Mark 12:22, opp. to πρῶτος , Matthew 20:8, 1 Corinthians 15:45, Revelation 2:19, al.; τὰ ἔ . καὶ T. πρῶτα , Matthew 12:45, Luke 11:26, 2 Peter 2:20; of the Eternal, ὁ πρῶτος καὶ ὁ ἔ ., Revelation 1:17; Revelation 2:8; Revelation 22:13; in phrases relating to the Messianic age and the consummation of the Kingdom of God: ἐπ᾿ ἐσχάτου (-ων ) τ . ἡμερῶν , Hebrews 1:2, 2 Peter 3:3; τ . χρόνων , 1 Peter 1:20; . ὥρα , 1 John 2:18; ἐπ᾿ ἐ . χόνου , Judges 1:18; ἐν ἐ . ἡμέραις , Acts 2:17, James 5:3, 2 Timothy 3:1; neut., ἔσχατον , as adv., Mark 12:22, 1 Corinthians 15:8;

(c) of rank: Mark 9:35, 1 Corinthians 4:9.


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For . with reference to time cf. P Oxy II. 280.14 (A.D. 88–9) ἐν δὲ τῷ ἐσχάτῳ ἐνιαυτῷ, P Tebt II. 375.20 (A.D. 140) τῷ δὲ πέμπτο (l.τῷ) ἔτι (l. ἔτει) ὅ ἐστιν ἔσχατον ἔτος τῆς μισθώσεως. See also BGU IV. 1024iv. 13 (iv/v A.D.) τῆς ἐσχάτης ἐλπίδας (l.ος) ἀποστε [ρ ]ῆσαι, and from the inscrr. Michel 326.2 (ii/B.C.) τῆς ἐσχάτης τοῦ βίου τε [λ ]ευτῆς. With τὰ ἔσχατα in Matthew 12:45 al., cf. P Vat A.12 (B.C. 168) (= Witkowski.2, p. 65) τοῦ παιδίου σου εἰς τὰ ἔσχατα ἐληλυθότος. Michel 394.34 (mid. i/B.C.) τῆς πόλ [ε ]ως ἐν τοῖς ἐσχάτοις ὑπαρχούσης κινδύνοις supports Hort’s rendering of ἐν καιρῷ ἐσχάτῳ in 1 Peter 1:5 ";in a season of extremity,"; ";when things are at their worst,"; for which he adduces various classical exx. For the adverbial ἔσχατον, as in 1 Corinthians 15:8, see P Oxy VI. 886.21 (iii/A.D.) (= Selections, p. 112) τὸ δὲ ὑπολιπό [μ ]ενον ἔσχατον ἀνάγνωτι (l.θι), Syll 879.11 (end of iii/B.C.) ἐπιτελεῖν δὲ τὰ νόμιμα τοῖς ἀποιχομένοις ἔσχατον ἐν τρισὶ μησίν.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εσχατα έσχατα έσχατά ἔσχατα έσχαται εσχαταις εσχάταις ἐσχάταις εσχατας εσχάτας ἐσχάτας εσχατη εσχάτη ἐσχάτη ἐσχάτῃ εσχάτην εσχάτης εσχατοι έσχατοι ἔσχατοι εσχάτοις εσχατον έσχατον ἔσχατον εσχατος έσχατος ἔσχατος εσχατου εσχάτου ἐσχάτου εσχατους εσχάτους ἐσχάτους εσχατω εσχάτω ἐσχάτῳ εσχατων εσχατών εσχάτων ἐσχάτων eschata éschata eschatais eschátais eschatas eschátas eschate eschatē escháte eschátē eschátei eschátēi eschato eschatō eschatoi eschátoi eschátōi éschatoi eschaton eschatōn escháton eschátōn éschaton eschatos éschatos eschatou eschátou eschatous eschátous

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