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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #2205 - ζῆλος

Transliteration
zēlos
Phonetics
dzay'-los  
Word Origin
from (2204)
Parts of Speech
Noun
TDNT
2:877,297
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. excitement of mind, ardour, fervour of spirit
    1. zeal, ardour in embracing, pursuing, defending anything
      1. zeal in behalf of, for a person or thing
      2. the fierceness of indignation, punitive zeal
    2. an envious and contentious rivalry, jealousy
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 7068 ‑ קִנְאָה (kin‑aw');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (17) NAS (16) HCS (15)
John 1
Acts 2
Romans 2
1 Corinthians 1
2 Corinthians 5
Galatians 1
Philippians 1
Colossians 1
Hebrews 1
James 2
John 1
Acts 2
Romans 2
1 Corinthians 1
2 Corinthians 5
Galatians 1
Philippians 1
Hebrews 1
James 2
John 1
Acts 2
Romans 2
1 Corinthians 1
2 Corinthians 5
Galatians 1
Philippians 1
James 2
BYZ TIS TR
N-ASM 6
N-DSM 2
N-GSM 2
N-NPM 2
N-NSM 4
N-NSN 1
N-ASM 4
N-ASN 1
N-DSM 2
N-GSM 2
N-NSM 5
N-NSN 2
N-ASM 6
N-DSM 2
N-GSM 2
N-NPM 2
N-NSM 4
N-NSN 1
NA WH
N-ASM 4
N-ASN 1
N-DSM 2
N-GSM 2
N-NSM 6
N-NSN 1
N-ASM 4
N-ASN 1
N-DSM 3
N-GSM 2
N-NSM 6
N-NSN 2


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ζῆλος, ου, ὁ,

later εος, τό, Philippians 3:6 codd. opt.; Dor. ζᾶλος IG 12 (5).891, etc.:

I

1. jealousy (= φθόνος), Hes. Op. 195, S. OT 1526: coupled with φθόνος by Democr. 191, Lys. 2.48, Pl. Phlb. 47e, 50c, Lg. 679c (pl.); εἰς ζῆλον ἰέναι Id. R. 550e: more usu. in good sense, eager rivalry, emulation, Id. Mx. 242a, Arist. Rh. 1388a30.

2. c. gen. pers., zeal for one, ξυναίμων S. OC 943; κατὰ ζῆλον Ἡρακλέους in emulation of him, Plu. Thes. 25; ζ. πρός τινα Luc. Dem.Enc. 57: abs., passion, PGrenf. 1.1.13 (ii B.C.).

3. c. gen. rei, ζῆλον.. γάμων ἔχουσα causing rivalry for my hand, E. Hec. 352; ζ. ἀζήλων καὶ φόβον ἀφόβων Phld. Oec. p.66J.; ζ. τῶν ἀρίστων emulous desire for.., opp. φυγὴ τῶν χειρόνων, Luc. Ind. 17; ἀνδραγαθίας Plu. Cor. 4; so ζ. πρός τι Phld. Rh. 2.53S., Plu. Per. 2; ζ. περὶ τὰ στρατιωτικά Str. 14.2.27: pl., ambitions, Phld. Rh. 2.54S.

4. fervour, zeal, LXX 4 Ki. 19.31, al., 1 Corinthians 14:1,al.; indignation, ζ. πυρός Hebrews 10:27.

5. personified as son of Styx, brother of Βία, Κράτος, Νίκη, Hes. Th. 384.

II pride, honour, glory, S. Aj. 503; ζ. καὶ χαρά D. 18.217; τὸν αὐτὸν ἔχει ζῆλον ὁ στέφανος, ib.120; ζῆλον καὶ τιμὴν φέρει τῇ πόλει Id. 23.64, cf. 18.273, 60.33.

III

1. spirit, τῆς πολιτείας Plb. 4.27.8: pl., tastes, interests, τοῖς ἀπὸ διαφόρων ἐπιτηδευμάτων, βίων, ζήλων, ἡλικιῶν, Longin. 7.4.

2. esp. in Lit. Crit., style, τοῦ Ἀσιανοῦ λεγομένου ζήλου Str. 14.1.41, cf. Plu. Ant. 2.

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 ζῆλος, ζήλου, , and (in Philippians 3:6 L T Tr WH; ( 2 Corinthians 9:2 T Tr WH)) τό ζῆλος ( Ignatius ad Trall. 4 [ET]; διά ζῆλος, Clement of Rome, 1 Corinthians 4,8 [ET] ("in Clement of Rome, §§ 3,4, 5,6 the masculine and neuter seem to be interchanged without any law" ( Lightfoot). For facts see especially Clement of Rome, edition 2Hilgenfeld (1876), p. 7; cf. Wit. Appendix, p. 158; Winer s Grammar, § 9, N. 2; Buttmann, 23 (20)); (from ζέω ( Curtius, § 567; Vanicek, p. 757)); the Sept. for קִנְאָה; excitement of mind, ardor, fervor of spirit;

1. zeal, ardor in embracing, pursuing, defending anything: 2 Corinthians 12:11; 2 Corinthians 9:2; κατά ζῆλος, as respects zeal (in maintaining religion), Philippians 3:6; with the genitive of the object, zeal in behalf of, for a person or thing, John 2:17 from Psalm 68:10 (Psalm 69:10>); Romans 10:2 ( 1 Maccabees 2:58; Sophocles O. C. 943); ὑπέρ τίνος, genitive of person, 2 Corinthians 7:7; Colossians 4:13 Rec. with subject. genitive ζήλῳ Θεοῦ, with a jealousy such as God has, hence, most pure and solicitous for their salvation, 2 Corinthians 11:2; the fierceness of indignation, punitive zeal, πυρός (of penal fire, which is personified (see πῦρ, at the end)), Hebrews 10:27 ( Isaiah 26:11; Wisdom of Solomon 5:18).

2. an envious and contentious rivalry, jealousy: Romans 13:13; 1 Corinthians 3:3; James 3:14,16; ἐπλήσθησαν ζήλου, Acts 5:17; Acts 13:45; plural ζῆλοι, now the stirrings or motions of ζῆλος, now its outbursts and manifestations: 2 Corinthians 12:20; Galatians 5:20; but in both passages L T Tr ( WH, yet in Galatians , the passage cited WH only in text) have adopted ζῆλος (ζῆλοι τέ καί φθόνοι, Plato, legg. 3, p. 679c.). (On the distinction between ζῆλος (which may be used in a good sense) and φθόνος (used only in a bad sense) cf. Trench, Synonyms, § xxvi.; Cope on Aristotle, rhet. 2,11,

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ζῆλος , -ου , ,

and in late Gk., also -εος , τό (2 Corinthians 9:2, Philippians 3:6),

[in LXX for H7068, Numbers 25:11, al.;]

1. zeal: 2 Corinthians 7:11; 2 Corinthians 9:2; κατά ζῆλος , Philippians 3:6; c. gen. obj., John 2:17 (LXX), Romans 10:2; seq. ὑπέρ , 2 Corinthians 7:7; c. gen. subj., θεοῦ , 2 Corinthians 11:2; πυρός , Hebrews 10:27 (cf. Isaiah 26:11, Wisdom of Solomon 5:18, and cf. Westc., in l).

2. jealousy: Romans 13:13, 1 Corinthians 3:3; 1 Corinthians 3:2 2 Corinthians 12:20, Galatians 5:20 (WH, txt, RV), James 3:14; James 3:16; πλησθῆναι ζήλου Acts 5:17; Acts 13:45; pl., ζῆλοι (v. B1., § 32, 6), Galatians 5:20, WH, mg.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

ζῆλος occurs twice in the Alexandrian erotic fragment P Grenf I. 1.13 (ii/B.C.) μέλλω μαίνεσθαι, ζῆλος γάρ με ἔχει καὶ κατακαίομαι καταλελειμμένη, and .17 εὐδοκῶ ζήλῳ δουλεύειν ἐπιμανοῦσα ὁρᾶν —passages which support ";fervour"; rather than ";emulation"; as the primary idea (ζέω) of the word : cf. Ellicott on 1 Corinthians 14:1. In 2 Corinthians 9:2, Philippians 3:6 the word is neuter (as in MGr), but elsewhere in the NT it is masculine, as always in the LXX. In the Psalms of Solomon both genders are found : cf. WH Notes.2, p. 165.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ζήλοι ζηλον ζηλόν ζήλον ζήλόν ζῆλον ζηλος ζηλός ζήλος ζήλός ζῆλος ζηλοτυπίας ζηλου ζήλου ζηλω ζηλώ ζήλω ζήλῳ zelo zēlō zḗloi zḗlōi zelon zêlon zēlon zē̂lon zelos zêlos zēlos zē̂los zelou zēlou zḗlou

Lectionary Calendar
Friday, August 18th, 2017
the Week of Proper 14 / Ordinary 19
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