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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #2413 - ἱερός

Word Origin
of uncertain affinity
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. sacred, consecrated to the deity, pertaining to God
    1. sacred Scriptures, because inspired by God, treating of divine things and therefore to be devoutly revered
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1004 ‑ בַּיִת (bah'‑yith);  3104 ‑ יֹבֵל (yo‑bale', yo‑bale');  3671 ‑ כָּנָף (kaw‑nawf');  4720 ‑ מִקְדָּשׁ (mik‑dawsh', mik‑ked‑awsh');  5835 ‑ עֲזָרָה (az‑aw‑raw');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (2) NAS (73) HCS (2)
1 Corinthians 1
2 Timothy 1
Matthew 9
Mark 8
Luke 14
John 11
Acts 24
1 Corinthians 1
2 Timothy 1
1 Corinthians 1
2 Timothy 1

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 ἱερός, ἱερά, ἱερόν (its primary sense is thought to be mighty; cf. Curtius, § 614; Vanicek, p. 88; yet see Schmidt as below; fr, Homer down), sacred, consecrated to the deity, pertaining to God: ἱερά γράμματα, sacred Scriptures, because inspired by God, treating of divine things and therefore to be devoutly revered, 2 Timothy 3:15 ( Josephus, Antiquities prooem. 3; (10,10, 4at the end); b. j. 6,5, 4; contra Apion 1 (10,3; 18,6); 26,1; ἱεραι βίβλοι, Antiquities 2,16, 5; (c. Apion 1,1; 23,4), etc.; οὐκ ἐνετραφης οὐδέ ἐνησκηθης τοῖς ἱεροῖς γραμμασι, Philo, leg. ad Gaium § 29, Mang. edition ii., p. 574); (κήρυγμα, Mark 16 WH in (rejected) 'Shorter Conclusion'); neuter plural as a substantive, τά ἱερά, the holy things, those which pertain to the worship of God in the temple, 1 Corinthians 9:13, cf. ἐργάζομαι, 2a. (See references under the word ἅγιος, at the end; especially Schmidt, chapter 181.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἱερός , - , όν ,

[in LXX: Ezekiel 28:18 (H4720); τό ἱ , 1 Chronicles 29:4 (H1004), Ezekiel 45:19 (H5835); very freq. in 1 Esdras 1:1-58 -4 Mac;]

1. in Hom., marvellous, mighty, divine.

2. (Also in Hom, and later cl.) consecrated to the deity, sacred: pl., . γράμματα , 2 Timothy 3:15.

3. As subst.,

(a) (so in Hom.), τὰ ἱ ., sacrifices, sacred rites, sacred things: 1 Corinthians 9:13;

(b) later, τὸ ἱ .,., a consecrated or sacred place, a temple: τ . Ἀρτέμιδος , Acts 19:27; of the temple at Jerusalem, i.e. the entire precincts or some part thereof (as distinct from ὁ ναός , q.v., the Sanctuary proper): 1 Corinthians 9:13, and freq. in Gosp. and esp. in Ac, Matthew 12:6, Mark 13:3, Acts 4:1, al. (on the use of . in Imperial Iuser., v. Deiss., LAE, 380 f.).

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

This adj., which remains unchanged in MGr, is very common in the inscrr. with reference to heathen temples, sacred revenues, and sacrificial and other rites. With the use in 2 Timothy 3:15 we may compare the νόμοι ἱεροὶ καὶ ἀραί by which the temple of Jupiter at Magnesia was protected against harm : see Magn 105.53 (ii/A.D.) as cited by Thieme p. 36. See also s.vv. βίβλος and γράμμα, and for the protection afforded by the ";sacred"; area see s.v. βωμός, and the note on PSI V. 515.15. The βῆμα of the Prefect of Egypt is described in P Hamb I. 4.8 (A.D. 87) as ἱερώτατον : cf. P Lond 358.19 (c. A.D. 150) (= II. p. 172), and BGU II. 613.19 (time of Anton. Pius). See also P Oxy IX. 1211.1 (ii/A.D.) τὰ πρὸς τὴν θυσίαν τοῦ ἱερωτάτου Νείλου. The adj. is found in the title of an athletic club in P Lond 1178.16 (A.D. 194) (= III. p. 217, Selections, p. 99) ἡ ἱερὰ ξυστικὴ περιπολιστικὴ. . . σύνοδος, ";the Worshipful Gymnastic Club of Nomads."; For ἱερὰ νόσος = ";epilepsy"; cf. P Oxy I. 94.11 (A.D. 83), 95.19 (A.D. 129) and the other passages collected by Modica Introduzione, p. 146. The word is used in the address of a Christian letter, P Oxy XII. 1492.1 (iii/iv A.D.) χα [ ]ρε, ἱερ [ὲ υἱέ, also ib. verso and 1592.7.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ἐν ιερα ιερά ἱερὰ Ἱερᾷ ιεράς ιερέων ιερον ιερόν ἱερὸν ιερού ιερω ιερώ en hiera hierà Hierā̂i hieron hieròn iera ieron

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