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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #2549 - κακία

Transliteration
kakía
Phonetics
kak-ee'-ah  
Word Origin
from (2556)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
TDNT
3:482,391
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. malignity, malice, ill-will, desire to injure
  2. wickedness, depravity
    1. wickedness that is not ashamed to break laws
  3. evil, trouble
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 7200 ‑ רָאָה (raw‑aw');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (11) NAS (11) HCS (11)
Matthew 1
Acts 1
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 2
Ephesians 1
Colossians 1
Titus 1
James 1
1 Peter 2
Matthew 1
Acts 1
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 2
Ephesians 1
Colossians 1
Titus 1
James 1
1 Peter 2
Matthew 1
Acts 1
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 2
Ephesians 1
Colossians 1
Titus 1
James 1
1 Peter 2
BYZ TIS TR
N-ASF 2
N-DSF 4
N-GSF 4
N-NSF 1
N-ASF 2
N-DSF 4
N-GSF 4
N-NSF 1
N-ASF 2
N-DSF 4
N-GSF 4
N-NSF 1
NA WH
N-ASF 2
N-DSF 4
N-GSF 4
N-NSF 1
N-ASF 2
N-DSF 4
N-GSF 4
N-NSF 1


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

κᾰκία, ἡ,

(κακός)

I

1. badness in quality, opp. ἀρετή (excellence), Thgn. 322, S. OT 512 (lyr.), Pl. Smp. 181e, R. 348c, etc.; κακίᾳ ἡνιόχων by their incapacity, Id. Phdr. 248b: pl., κακίαι defects, Luc. Hist.Conscr. 6.

2. cowardice, faint-heartedness, Th. 2.87, Pl. R. 556d; κ. καὶ ἀνανδρία Id. Cri. 46a.

3. moral badness, vice, μετ' ἀρετῆς ἀλλ' οὐ μετὰ κακίας And. 1.56; ἡ ἀρετή, ὡσαύτως δὲ.. καὶ ἡ κ. Pl. Men. 72a, etc.; personified in the Fable of Prodicus, X. Mem. 2.1.26: pl., περὶ κακιῶν, title of treatise by Philodemus.

4. Philos., Evil, ὕλη κακίας αἰτία Plot. 1.8.14.

II

1. ill-repute, dishonour, κ. ἀντιλαβεῖν Th. 3.58.

2. hurt, damage done or suffered, LXX 1 Samuel 6:9, 1 Maccabees 7:23, Matthew 6:34.

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 κακία, κακίας, (κακός) (from Theognis down), the Sept. chiefly for רַע , and רָעָה;

1. malignity, malice, ill-will, desire to injure: Romans 1:29; Ephesians 4:31; Colossians 3:8; Titus 3:3; James 1:21; 1 Peter 2:1.

2. wickedness, depravity: 1 Corinthians 5:8 (cf. Winer's Grammar, 120 (114)); 1 Corinthians 14:20>; Acts 8:22 (cf. Acts 8:21>); wickedness that is not ashamed to break the laws, 1 Peter 2:16.

3. Hellenistically, evil, trouble: Matthew 6:34 (as Amos 3:6; ( 1 Samuel 6:9); Ecclesiastes 7:15 (Ecclesiastes 7:14>); Ecclesiastes 12:1>; Sirach 19:6; 1 Maccabees 7:23, etc.). [ SYNONYMS: κακία, πονηρία: associated Romans 1:29; 1 Corinthians 5:8. According to Trench, Synonyms, § xi., endorsed by Ellicott (on Ephesians 4:31) and Lightfoot (on Colossians 3:8), κακία denotes rather the vicious disposition, πονηρία the active exercise of the same; cf. Xenophon, mem. 1,2, 28 εἰ μέν αὐτός (i. e. Σωκράτης) ἐποίει τί φαῦλον, εἰκότως ἄν ἐδόκει πονηρός εἶναι. Αἰ δ' αὐτός σωφρονων διετελει, πῶς ἄν δικαίως τῆς οὐκ ἐνούσης αὐτῷ κακίας αἰτίαν ἔχοι; But Fritzsche, Meyer (on Romans , the passage cited; yet cf. Weiss in edition 6), others dissent — seeming nearly to reverse this distinction; cf. Suidas under the word κακία. Ἔστιν τοῦ κακῶσαι τόν πέλας σπουδή, παρά τῷ ἀποστόλω; see πονηρός, 2b.]

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

κακία , -ας ,

(< κακός ),

[in LXX chiefly for H7200;]

1. badness in quality (opp. to ἀρετή , excellence).

2. wickedness, depravity, malignity: Acts 8:22, Romans 1:29, 1 Corinthians 5:8; 1 Corinthians 14:20, Ephesians 4:31, Colossians 3:8, Titus 3:3, James 1:21, 1 Peter 2:1; 1 Peter 2:16.

3. In late Gk., evil, trouble, affliction (Amos 3:6, 1 Samuel 6:9, Ecclesiastes 7:15, Sirach 19:6, al.): Matthew 6:34 (cf. MM, Exp., xv).†

SYN.: (πονηρία G4189)


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

κακία is used in P Petr II. 23(1).9 (Ptol.) ἰδ [ ]ντες τὴν κακίαν τῶν ἡμῶν, apparently of the damage done to a crop of rye and barley by hail (?) : cf. P Flor II. 176.11 (A.D. 256) ἐκ τῆς τῶν σύκων κακίας. In P Petr II. 19(2).5 (Ptol.) διὰ τὴν ἐν [εστ ]ῶσαν ? κακίαν, the reference is to the ";idleness"; of certain workmen. For the stronger meaning ";malice,"; ";wickedness,"; see P Rein 7.15 (B.C. 141 ?) διὰ πάση ]ς ̣ ἡσυχίας εἶχον τῶι μηδεμίαν ἔννοιαν [κ ]ακίας ἔχειν, ";je restai complètement tranquille, n’ayant aucun soupçon qu’il me cherchât malice"; (Ed.), P Oxy VIII. 1101.7 (A.D. 367–70) εἴτε ὑπὸ κακίας ἢ καὶ ὑπὸ κακο [βουλεία ]ς τῆς πρ [ο ]αιρέσεως, ";whether from malice or from perversity of judgment"; (Ed.); also Preisigke 4127.6 ἀλότριον ἐμαυτὸν ἐποιησάμην πάσης κακείας καὶ πάσ [ης. . . ]οτος καὶ ἁγνεύσας ἐς πολὺν χρόν [ον. The special usage in Matthew 6:34 is supported by the LXX, where κακία frequently translates Heb. רָעָה in the sense of ";trouble,"; ";evil circumstances"; : cf. Kennedy Sources, p. 100.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
καίας κακια κακία κακίᾳ κακίαι κακίαις κακιαν κακίαν κακιας κακίας κακιών kakia kakía kakíāi kakian kakían kakias kakías

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