corner graphic   Hi,    
Facebook image
ver. 2.0.17.08.18
Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Go to classic.studylight.org/

Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #2588 - καρδία

Transliteration
kardía
Phonetics
kar-dee'-ah  
Word Origin
prolonged from a primary kar (Latin, cor, "heart")
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
TDNT
3:605,415
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. the heart
    1. that organ in the animal body which is the centre of the circulation of the blood, and hence was regarded as the seat of physical life
    2. denotes the centre of all physical and spiritual life
    3. the vigour and sense of physical life
    4. the centre and seat of spiritual life
      1. the soul or mind, as it is the fountain and seat of the thoughts, passions, desires, appetites, affections, purposes, endeavours
      2. of the understanding, the faculty and seat of the intelligence
      3. of the will and character
      4. of the soul so far as it is affected and stirred in a bad way or good, or of the soul as the seat of the sensibilities, affections, emotions, desires, appetites, passions
    5. of the middle or central or inmost part of anything, even though inanimate
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 990 ‑ בֶּטֶן (beh'‑ten);  995 ‑ בִּין (bene);  2403 ‑ חַטָּאָה (khat‑taw‑aw', khat‑tawth');  3820 ‑ לֵב (labe);  3824 ‑ לֵבָב (lay‑bawb');  4596 ‑ מְעִי (meh‑ee');  5315 ‑ נֶפֶשׁ (neh'‑fesh);  6203 ‑ עֹרֶף (o‑ref');  7130 ‑ קֶרֶב (keh'‑reb);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (160) NAS (157) HCS (153)
Matthew 16
Mark 12
Luke 22
John 6
Acts 20
Romans 15
1 Corinthians 4
2 Corinthians 11
Galatians 1
Ephesians 5
Philippians 2
Colossians 5
1 Thessalonians 3
2 Thessalonians 2
1 Timothy 1
2 Timothy 1
Hebrews 10
James 5
1 Peter 3
2 Peter 2
1 John 3
Revelation 3
Matthew 15
Mark 11
Luke 21
John 6
Acts 20
Romans 15
1 Corinthians 4
2 Corinthians 11
Galatians 1
Ephesians 6
Philippians 2
Colossians 5
1 Thessalonians 3
2 Thessalonians 2
1 Timothy 1
2 Timothy 1
Hebrews 10
James 5
1 Peter 3
2 Peter 2
1 John 3
Revelation 3
Matthew 16
Mark 10
Luke 22
John 7
Acts 19
Romans 15
1 Corinthians 5
2 Corinthians 11
Galatians 1
Ephesians 6
Philippians 2
Colossians 5
1 Thessalonians 3
2 Thessalonians 2
1 Timothy 1
2 Timothy 1
Hebrews 11
James 4
1 Peter 3
2 Peter 2
1 John 4
Revelation 3
BYZ TIS TR
N-APF 27
N-ASF 17
N-DPF 19
N-DSF 38
N-GPF 4
N-GSF 33
N-NPF 2
N-NSF 19
N-APF 25
N-ASF 18
N-DPF 21
N-DSF 34
N-GPF 4
N-GSF 32
N-NPF 2
N-NSF 19
N-APF 27
N-ASF 17
N-DPF 19
N-DSF 37
N-GPF 4
N-GSF 35
N-NPF 2
N-NSF 19
NA WH
N-APF 24
N-ASF 18
N-DPF 21
N-DSF 34
N-GPF 4
N-GSF 32
N-NPF 2
N-NSF 19
T-APF 1
N-APF 27
N-ASF 18
N-DPF 22
N-DSF 37
N-GPF 4
N-GSF 34
N-NPF 5
N-NSF 22


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

καρδί-α, ἡ,

Ion. καρδίη, κρᾰδίη (καρδίη in Hom. only in καρδίῃ ἄλληκτον πολεμίζειν ἠδὲ μάχεσθαι Il. 2.452, al., καρδία always in Trag., exc. in some dact. and anap. verses, A. Pr. 881, Th. 781, E. Med. 99, Hipp. 1274); Aeol. κάρζα EM 407.21 (but καρδία Sapph. 2.6); Cypr. κορζία (Paph.), Hsch. (fort. κόρζα):

1. heart, ἐν δέ τέ οἱ κραδίη μεγάλα στέρνοισι πατάσσει Il. 13.282; κραδίη δέ μοι ἔξω στηθέων ἐκθρῴσκει, of one panic-stricken, 10.94; πηδᾷ ἡ κ. Pl. Smp. 215e, cf. Ar. Nu. 1391 (lyr.): esp. as the seat of feeling and passion, as rage or anger, οἰδάνεται κραδίη Χόλῳ Il. 9.646; τέτλαθι δή, κραδίη Od. 20.18, cf. E. Alc. 837; καρδίης πλέως full of heart, Archil. 58.4; of fear or courage, κυνὸς ὄμματ' ἔχων, κραδίην δ' ἐλάφοιο Il. 1.225; [ σφηκῶν ] κραδίην καὶ θυμὸν ἔχοντες 16.266; ἐν μέν οἱ κραδίῃ θάρσος βάλε 21.547, etc.; ὀρχεῖται καρδία φόβῳ A. Ch. 166; θερμὴν ἐπὶ ψυχροῖσι κ. ἔχεις S. Ant. 88; τὸν νέον τίνα οἴει κ. ἴσχειν; what do you think are his feelings? Pl. R. 492c; of sorrow or joy, ἐν κραδίῃ μέγα πένθος ἄεξε Od. 17.489; κ. καὶ θυμὸς ἰάνθη 4.548; ἄχος κραδίην καὶ θυμὸν ἵκανεν Il. 2.171, cf. 10.10, B. 10.85, etc.; καρδίην ἰαίνεται Archil. 36; κελαινόχρως.. πάλλεταί μου κ. A. Supp. 785; ὦ τάλαινα κ. ψυχή τ' ἐμή E. Or. 466; of love, Sapph.l.c., etc.; ἐκ τῆς κ. φιλεῖν Ar. Nu. 86; φιλέειν ἀπὸ κ. Theoc. 29.4 (but ἐρεῖν τἀπὸ κ. to speak freely, E. IA 475); λαλῆσαι ἐπὶ καρδίαν τινός speak kindly to.., LXX Jd. 19.3.

2. inclination, desire, purpose, ἔμ' ὀτρύνει κραδίη καὶ θυμός Il. 10.220; πρόφρων κ. ἐν πάντεσσι πόνοισι ib. 244; καρδίας δ' ἐξίσταμαι S. Ant. 1105.

3. mind, ὡς ἄνοον κραδίην ἔχες Il. 21.441; κραδίη πόρφυρε Od. 4.572; κραδίη προτιόσσετ' ὄλεθρον 5.389; εἰ θεάσῃ τοῖς τῆς καρδίας ὀφθαλμοῖς Corp.Herm. 4.11, cf. 7.2; διαλογισμοὶ ἀναβαίνουσι ἐν τῇ κ. Luke 24:38.

II cardiac orifice of the stomach, Th. 2.49, Hp. Prorrh. 1.72, Gal. 8.338, al.

III heart in wood, pith, Thphr. HP 3.14.1; = ἐντεριώνη, ib. 1.2.6; ἀρτεμισίας μονοκλώνου καρδίας ζ PMag.Berol. 1.245, cf. PMag. Leid.V. 13.24; λαβὼν βάϊν Χλωρὰν καὶ τῆς κ. κρατήσας σχίσον εἰς δύο PMag.Leid.W. 6.51. metaph., κ. θαλάσσης depths of the sea, LXX Ezekiel 27:4. Κ. Λέοντος, name of the star Regulus, Gem. 3.5. (I.- E. [kcirc ]d-, cf. Lat. cor(d)-, Lith. širdis 'heart', etc.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 καρδία, καρδίας, , poetic κραδία and καρδιη (in the latter form almost always in Homer (only at the beginning of a line in three places; everywhere else by metathesis κραδιη; Ebeling, Lex. Homer, under the word)) (from a root signifying to quiver or palpitate; cf. Cartius § 39; Vanicek, p. 1097 ( Etym. Magn. 491,56 παρά τό κραδαίνω, τό σείω. ἀεικινητος γάρ καρδία); allied with Latin cor; English heart); the Sept. for לֵב and לֵבָב; the heart;

1. properly, that organ in the animal body which is the center of the circulation of the blood, and hence, was regarded as the seat of physical life: 2 Samuel 18:14; 2 Kings 9:24; Tobit 6:5 (4), 7f (6f), 17 (16). Hence,

2. universally, καρδία denotes the seat and center of all physical and spiritual life; and a. the vigor and sense of physical life ( Psalm 101:5 (Psalm 102:5>); στήρισον τήν καρδίαν σου ψωμῷ ἄρτου, Judges 19:5; to which add Psalm 103:15 (Psalm 104:15>)): τρέφειν τάς καρδίας, James 5:5; ἐμπιπλῶν τάς καρδίας τροφῆς, Acts 14:17; βάρειν τῆς καρδίας κραιπάλῃ καί μέθη, Luke 21:34; (but see b. δ. below);

b. the center and seat of spiritual life, "the soul or mind, as it is the fountain and seat of the thoughts, passions, desires, appetites, affections, purposes, endeavors" (so in English heart, inner Prayer of Manasseh , etc.); α. universally: Matthew 5:8; Matthew 6:21; Mark 7:19; Luke 1:51; Luke 2:51; Luke 8:12,15; Acts 5:3; Romans 10:9; 1 Corinthians 14:25; 2 Corinthians 6:11; Ephesians 6:5; Colossians 3:22; 1 Peter 3:4, etc.; plural: Matthew 9:4; Mark 2:6,8; Mark 4:16 ( R L text Tr marginal reading); Luke 1:17; Luke 2:35; Luke 5:22; ( Luke 24:38 R G L marginal reading; Acts 7:51 L T Tr WH text); Romans 2:15; Romans 16:18; 2 Corinthians 3:2; Galatians 4:6; Philippians 4:7; Ephesians 5:19 Lachmann; Hebrews 8:10 ( T WH marginal reading singular); Hebrews 10:16, etc. καρδία is distinguished from τό στόμα or from τά χειλεα: Matthew 15:8,18; Mark 7:6; 2 Corinthians 6:11; Romans 10:8f; from τό πρόσωπον: 2 Corinthians 5:12; 1 Thessalonians 2:17; περιτομή καρδίας, Romans 2:29; ἀπερίτμητοι τῇ καρδία, Acts 7:51 ( L T Tr WH text καρδίαις, WH marginal reading genitive καρδίας, cf. Buttmann, 170 (148)). of things done from the heart i. e. cordially or sincerely, truly (without simulation or pretence) the following phrases are used: ἐκ καρδίας ( Aristophanes nub. 86), Romans 6:17; and L T Tr WH in 1 Peter 1:22, where R G ἐκ καθαρᾶς καρδίας, as in 1 Timothy 1:5; 2 Timothy 2:22; ἀπό τῶν καρδιῶν, Matthew 18:35 (ἀπό καρδίας εὐχάριστος τοῖς θεοῖς, Antoninus 2,3); ἐν ὅλῃ τῇ καρδία and ἐξ ὅλης τῆς καρδίας, Matthew 22:37; Mark 12:30,33; Luke 10:27, and Rec. in Acts 8:37 ( Deuteronomy 6:5; Deuteronomy 26:16; Psalm 118:34 (Psalm 119:34>)); μετ' ἀληθινῆς καρδίας, Hebrews 10:22. ἐρευναν τάς καρδίας, Romans 8:27; Revelation 2:23; δοκιμάζειν, 1 Thessalonians 2:4; γινώσκειν, Luke 16:15 (ἐτάζειν, Jeremiah 17:10; Psalm 7:10); διανοίγειν τήν καρδίαν (see διανοίγω, 2), Acts 16:14; ἦν καρδία καί ψυχή μία, there was perfect unanimity, agreement of heart and soul, Acts 4:32; τιθέναι τί ἐν τῇ καρδία (בְּלֵב and לֵב עַל שׂוּם, 1 Samuel 21:12; Malachi 2:2; Daniel 1:8; τιθέναι ἐν στηθεσσιν, ἐν φρεσίν, etc., in Homer), to lay a thing up in the heart to be considered more carefully and pondered, Luke 1:66; to fix in the heart i. e. to purpose, plan, to do something, Acts 5:4 ( A. V. conceived in thy heart); also εἰς τήν καρδίαν ( L T Tr WH ἐν τήν καρδίαν) followed by the infinitive, Luke 21:14; βάλλειν εἰς τήν καρδίαν τίνος, followed by ἵνα, to put into one's mind the design of doing a thing, John 13:2; also διδόναι followed by an infinitive, Revelation 17:17; ἀναβαίνει ἐπί τήν καρδίαν τίνος, followed by an infinitive, the purpose to do a thing comes into the mind, Acts 7:23; ἐν τῇ καρδία joined to verbs of thinking, reflecting upon, doubting, etc.: ἐνθυμεῖσθαι, διαλογίζεσθαι, Matthew 9:4; Mark 2:6,8; Luke 3:15; Luke 5:22; λέγειν, εἰπεῖν (בְּלִבּו אָמַר), to think, consider with oneself, Matthew 24:48; Luke 12:45; Romans 10:6; Revelation 18:7 ( Deuteronomy 8:17; Deuteronomy 9:4); συμβάλλειν, to revolve in mind, Luke 2:19; διακρίνεσθαι, to doubt, Mark 11:23; διαλογισμοί ἀναβαινουσι, of persons in doubt, Luke 24:38 ( R G L marginal reading plural); ἀναβαίνει τί ἐπί καρδίαν, the thought of a thing enters the mind, 1 Corinthians 2:9. β. specifically, of the understanding, the faculty and seat of intelligence (often so in Homer also (cf. Nägelsbach, Homer. Theol., p. 319f; Zezschwitz, Profangräcität as above with, pp. 25f, 50); cor domicilium sapientiae, Lactantius, de opif. dei c. 10, cf. Cicero, Tusc. 1,9; לֵב, 1 Kings 10:2; Job 12:3; Job 17:4, etc.; (cf. Meyer on Ephesians 1:18 and references)): Romans 1:21; 2 Corinthians 4:6; Ephesians 1:18 ( Rec. διανοίας); 2 Peter 1:19; συνιέναι τῇ καρδία, Matthew 13:15; Acts 28:27; νόειν τῇ καρδία, John 12:40. of the dullness of a mind incapable of perceiving and understanding divine things the following expressions occur: ἐπαχύνθη καρδία, Matthew 13:15; Acts 28:27, (from Isaiah 6:10); πωρουν τήν καρδίαν, John 12:40; πεπωρωμένη καρδία, Mark 6:52; Mark 8:17; πώρωσις τῆς καρδίας, Mark 3:5; Ephesians 4:18; βραδύς τῇ καρδία, slow of heart, Luke 24:25; κάλυμμα ἐπί τήν καρδίαν κεῖται, 2 Corinthians 3:15. γ. of the will and character: ἁγνίζειν καρδίας, James 4:8; καθαρίζειν τάς καρδίας, Acts 15:9 ῥερραντίσμενοι τάς καρδίας, Hebrews 10:22; καρδία εὐθεῖα (cf. Winer's Grammar, 32), Acts 8:21; πονηρά, Hebrews 3:12 (cf. 11. § 132,24; Winer's Grammar, 194 (183)); ἀμετανόητος, Romans 2:5; γεγυμνασμενη πλεονεξίας, 2 Peter 2:14; στηρίζειν τάς καρδίας, 1 Thessalonians 3:13; βεβαιουν, in passive, Hebrews 13:9; σκληρύνειν, Hebrews 3:8; ἐπίνοια τῆς καρδίας, Acts 8:22; αἱ βουλαί τῶν καρδιῶν 1 Corinthians 4:5; προαιρεῖσθαι τῇ καρδία, 2 Corinthians 9:7; κρίνειν (to determine) and ἑδραῖος ἐν τῇ καρδία, 1 Corinthians 7:37. δ. "of the soul so far forth as it is affected and stirred in a bad way or good, or of the soul as the seat of the sensibilities, affections, emotions, desires, appetites, passions": καρδία καιομένη ἦν, of the soul as greatly and peculiarly moved, Luke 24:32; αἱ ἐπιθυμίαι τῶν καρδιῶν, Romans 1:24; στηρίζειν τάς καρδίας, of the cultivation of constancy and endurance, James 5:8. in reference to good-will and love: ἐήξειν τινα ἐν τῇ καρδία, to have one in one's heart, of constant remembrance and steadfast affection, Philippians 1:7 (`te tamen in toto pectore semper habet' Ovid. trist. 5,4, 24); εἶναι ἐν τῇ καρδία τίνος, to be cherished in one's heart, to be loved by one perpetually and unalterably, 2 Corinthians 7:3; εὐδοκία τῆς καρδίας, Romans 10:1. in reference to joy and pleasure: ηὐφράνθη καρδία, Acts 2:26 (from Psalm 15:9 (Psalm 16:9>)); χαρήσεται καρδία, John 16:22; ἀνήρ κατά τήν καρδίαν τοῦ Θεοῦ, i. e. in whom God delights, Acts 13:22; of the pleasure given by food, Acts 14:17 (( Winer's Grammar, 156 (148) note) see 2a. above). in reference to grief, pain, anguish, etc.: λύπη πεπλήρωκε τήν καρδίαν, John 16:6; ὀδύνη τῇ καρδία μου, Romans 9:2; καρδία ταράσσεται, John 14:1,27; συνοχή καρδίας, 2 Corinthians 2:4; βάρειν τῆς καρδίας μερίμναις βιωτικαῖς, Luke 21:34 (cf. 2a. above); διαπρίομαι τῇ καρδία, Acts 7:54; συντετριμμένος τήν καρδίαν, Luke 4:18 R L brackets; κατενύγησαν τῇ καρδία, Acts 2:37 ( L T Tr WH τήν καρδίαν); συνθρύπτειν τήν καρδίαν, Acts 21:13. ε. of a soul conscious of good or bad deeds (our conscience): 1 John 3:20f ( Ecclesiastes 7:22; so לֵבָב, Job 27:6; καρδία πατασσει τινα, 1 Samuel 24:6; 2 Samuel 24:10).

3. used of the middle or central or inmost part of anything, even though inanimate: τῆς γῆς (which some understand of Hades, others of the sepulchre), Matthew 12:40 (τῆς θαλάσσης, Jonah 2:4 for לֵב; and for the same ἐν μέσῳ θαλάσσης, Exodus 15:8,19; add Baruch 6: (Epistle Jer.) Baruch 6:19>; τῆς κλεψυδρας, Aristotle, probl. 16,8 (others, κώδια)). Cf. Beck, Biblical Seelenlehre, chapter iii. § 20ff, p. 64ff; Delitzsch, Biblical Psychologie (Leipz. 1861) iv. § 12, p. 248ff (also in Herzog 2, vi. 57ff); Oehler in Herzog vi., p. 15ff (also in his O. T. Theol. (edited by Day) § 71); Wittichen in Schenkel iii. 71f.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

καρία , -ας , ,

[in LXX chiefly for H3820, H3824;]

the heart,

1. the bodily organ which is regarded as the seat of life (2 Samuel 18:14, 2 Kings 9:24, al.).

2. In a psychological sense, the seat of mans collective energies, the focus of personal life, the seat of the rational as well as the emotional and volitional elements in human life, hence that wherein lies the moral and religious condition of the man (DB, ii, 317 f.; DCG, ii, 3440);

(a) of the seat of physical life (Judges 19:5, Psalms 102:5; Psalms 104:15): Acts 14:17, James 5:5;

(b) of the seat of spiritual life: Matthew 5:8, Mark 7:19, Luke 1:51, Acts 5:3, Romans 10:9-10, Ephesians 6:5, al.; pl., Matthew 9:4, Mark 2:6, al.; opp. to στόμα , χείλεα , πρόσωπον , Matthew 15:8, Mark 7:6, Romans 10:8-9, 2 Corinthians 5:12; περιτομὴ καρδίας , Romans 2:20; ἐκ κ ., Romans 6:17, 1 Peter 1:22; ἀπὸ τῶν κ ., Matthew 18:35; ἐν ὅλῃ (ἐξ ὅλης ) τ . κ ., Matthew 22:37, Mark 12:30 (LXX); γινώσκειν (ἐρευνᾶν , δοκιμᾶζειν ) Τὰς κ ., Luke 16:15, Romans 8:27, 1 Thessalonians 2:4; to think, etc., ἐν τ . κ ., Matthew 9:4, Mark 2:6, Luke 12:45, Romans 10:6; συνιέναι (νοεῖν ) τῇ κ ., Matthew 13:15, John 12:40; ἐπαχύνθη ἡ κ ., Matthew 13:15 (LXX); πωροῦν τὴν κ ., John 12:40; κ . εὐθεῖα , Acts 8:21; πονηρά , Hebrews 3:12; ἀμετανόητος , Romans 2:5; εἶναι (ἔχειν ) ἐν τῇ κ ., 2 Corinthians 7:3, Philippians 1:7; ὀδύνη τῇ κ ., Romans 9:2.

3. Of the central or innermost part of anything (of the pith of wood, Arist.): τ . γῆς , Matthew 12:40 (Cremer, 343 ff.).


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

In the magic P Lond 46.157 (iv/A.D.) (= I. p. 70) we read of—καρδία περιεζωσμένη ὄφιν. With Luke 24:32 we may compare ib. 121.472 (iii/A.D.) (= I. p. 99) καιομένην τὴν ψυχὴν καὶ τὴν καρδίαν. The same conjunction of ψυχή and καρδία (cf. Matthew 22:37 al.) is seen in the imprecatory tablet Wünsch AF 3.15 (Imperial age) στρέβλωσον (cf. 2 Peter 3:16) αὐτῶν τὴν ψυχὴν καὶ τὴν καρδίαν. The new Logion 3 (P Oxy I. p. 3) πονεῖ ή ψυχή μου ἐπὶ τοῖς υἱοῖς τῶν ἀνθρώπων, ὅτι τυφλοί εἰσιν τῇ καρδίᾳ αὐτῶ [ν offers an interesting parallel to Ephesians 1:18.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
καρδια καρδία καρδίᾳ καρδιαι καρδίαι καρδιαις καρδίαις καρδιαν καρδίαν καρδιας καρδίας καρδιων καρδιών καρδιῶν του kardia kardía kardiai kardíai kardíāi kardiais kardíais kardian kardían kardias kardías kardion kardiôn kardiōn kardiō̂n

Lectionary Calendar
Friday, August 18th, 2017
the Week of Proper 14 / Ordinary 19
Search for…
 or 
Choose a letter to browse:
ADVERTISEMENT
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology