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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #2602 - καταβολή

Word Origin
from (2598)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. a throwing or laying down
    1. the injection or depositing of the virile semen in the womb
    2. of the seed of plants and animals
  2. a founding (laying down a foundation)
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (11) NAS (11) HCS (11)
Matthew 2
Luke 1
John 1
Ephesians 1
Hebrews 3
1 Peter 1
Revelation 2
Matthew 2
Luke 1
John 1
Ephesians 1
Hebrews 3
1 Peter 1
Revelation 2
Matthew 2
Luke 1
John 1
Ephesians 1
Hebrews 3
1 Peter 1
Revelation 2
N-GSF 10
N-GSF 10
N-GSF 10
N-GSF 11

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

καταβολ-ή, ἡ,


1. throwing down: hence, sowing, Corp.Herm. 9.6; esp. of begetting, κ. σπέρματος, σπερμάτων, Philol. 13, Luc. Am. 19, cf. Hebrews 11:11, Arr. Epict. 1.13.3; ἡ Ῥωμύλου σπορὰ καὶ κ. Plu. 2.320b. congenital defect, ἀπὸ ξυγγενικῆς αἰτίας καὶ κ. Plu. Tim. 37. Astrol., nativity, ἡ ἐξ ἀρχῆς κ. Vett.Val. 220.29, al.

2. paying down, esp. by instalments, καταβάλλειν τὰς κ. D. 59.27; τὸ ἀργύριον ἔφερε καταβολὴν τῇ πόλει paid money as a deposit (by way of caution), Docum.ib. 37.22, cf. IG 12(7).515.26 (Amorgos, ii B. C.), UPZ 112v12 (pl., ii B. C.), etc.; ἔχειν τῆς γῆς.. καταβολήν liability for rent, PEleph. 23.17 (iii B. C.): pl., instalments, PLips. 12.17 (iii A. D.), etc.

II laying of a foundation: hence, building, structure, LXX 2 Maccabees 2:29; τῆς ἀρχιτεκτονίας Bito 49.2; ἔργου J. AJ 12.2.9: but usu. metaph.,

1 foundation, beginning, ἱερῶν ἀγώνων Pi. N. 2.4; τῆς περιόδου Arist. Mete. 352b15; κ. ἐποιεῖτο καὶ θεμέλιον ὑπεβάλλετο τυραννίδος Plb. 13.6.2; κ. κόσμου Matthew 13:35, Ephesians 1:4; κ.κοσμική Cat.Cod.Astr. 8(3).138 (Thessal.); ἡ πρώτη κ. τῆς φιλοσόφου θεωρίας Procl. in Alc.Praef. p.8C.; ἐκ καταβολῆς from the foundations: hence, anew, σκάφη ἐκ κ. ἐναυπηγοῦντο, of fresh construction, Plb. 1.36.8; ἐκ κ. πλάττων, of pure invention, Id. 15.25.35: hence, of set purpose, deliberately, Id. 1.47.7, 24.8.9.

2. = θυσία, τελετή, Hsch., cf. κατηβολή.

III periodical attack of illness, fit, τῆς ἀσθενείας Pl. Grg. 519a, cf. κατηβολή; πυρετοῦ D. 9.29, Ph. 1.399, 2.563, cf. Aristid. Or. 50(26).59, Id. 2.166J.; trance, Poll. 1.16; cf. Lat. catabolicus. detraction, abuse, Phld. Rh. 2.56S.: pl., Ph. 2.571 codd. perh. outer wrapper (cf. κατάβλημα 11.4) of a bandage, Hp. Off. 9.

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 καταβολή, καταβολῆς, (καταβάλλω, which see);

1. a throwing or laying down: τοῦ σπέρματος (namely, εἰς τήν μήτραν), the injection or depositing of the virile semen in the womb, Lucian, amor. 19; Galen, aphorism. iv. § 1; of the seed of animals and plants, Philo de opif. mund. §§ 22,45; σπέρματα τά εἰς γῆν μήτραν καταβαλλομενα, Antoninus 4,36; accordingly many interpret the words Σάρρα δύναμιν εἰς καταβολήν σπέρματος ἔλαβε in Hebrews 11:11, she received power to conceive seed. But since it belongs to the male καταβάλλειν τό σπέρμα, not to the female, this interpretation cannot stand ((according to the reading of WH marginal reading αὐτῇ Σάρρα, Abr. remains the subjunctive of ἔλαβεν; but see 2below)); cf. Bleek (and, on the other side, Kurtz) at the passage

2. a founding (laying down a foundation): εἰς καταβολήν σπέρματος, to found a posterity, Hebrews 11:11 (but compare above) (πυραννιδος, Polybius 13,6, 2; ἅμα τῇ πρώτη καταβολή τῶν ἀνθρώπων, Plato, aquae et ignis comp. C. 2). ἀπό καταβολῆς κόσμου, from the foundation of the world: Matthew 13:35 ( L T Tr WH omit κόσμου); Matthew 25:34>; Luke 11:50; Hebrews 4:3; Hebrews 9:28; Revelation 13:8; Revelation 17:8; πρό καταβολῆς κόσμου, John 17:24; Ephesians 1:4; 1 Peter 1:20.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

** κατα -βολή , -ῆς ,

(< καταβάλλω ),

[in LXX: 2 Maccabees 2:29*;]

1. a laying down: εἰς κ . σπέρματος , Hebrews 11:11 (EV, to conceive seed).

2. a foundation (of a house, ii Mac, l.c.): metaph., ἀπὸ κ . κόσμου , Matthew 13:35 (LXX) (om. ἀπὸ κ . κόσμου , WH, R, mg.), Matthew 25:34, Luke 11:50, Hebrews 4:3; Hebrews 9:26, Revelation 13:8; Revelation 17:8; πρὸ κ . κόσμου , John 17:24, Ephesians 1:4, 1 Peter 1:20.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

Like its verb (see s.v. καταβάλλω) this noun is frequently found in the sense of ";payment,"; e.g. P Par 62v. 12 (c. B.C. 170) τῶν δὲ καταβολῶν σύμβολα λαμβανέτωσαν παρὰ τοῦ τραπεζίτου, BGU IV. 1135.8 (prob. B.C. 10) τῇ μην [ιαίᾳ κ ]αταβολῇ, P Lond 1171 verso i. 7 (A.D. 42) (= III. p. 106) ἰς καταβολὴν τῷ ἐγλήμπτορι τοῦ μέλιτος καὶ κηροῦ, P Strass I. 26.11 (iv/A.D.) ἡ γὰρ προθεσμία τῆς καταβολῆς συνέστηκεν. See also P Eleph 23.18 (B.C. 223–2) with reference to land ]χ ̣ε ̣ι ̣ν ̣ με ταύτης προσβολὴν καὶ κατ [α ]βολήν, ἃ καὶ ἐπιδέδειχά σοι. With the noun in Hebrews 11:11 cf. καταβολαῖος used of a ";store-place,"; P Fay 110.6. .30 (A.D. 94).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
καταβολην καταβολήν καταβολὴν καταβολης καταβολής καταβολῆς καταβοσκήσαι καταβοσκήση katabolen katabolēn katabolḕn kataboles katabolês katabolēs katabolē̂s

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Tuesday, July 25th, 2017
the Week of Proper 11 / Ordinary 16
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