Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Entry for Strong's #3466 - μυστήριον
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
From a derivative of μύω muō (to shut the mouth); a secret or “mystery” (through the idea of silence imposed by initiation into religious rites): - mystery.
mystery, secret; often refers to a misunderstood part of the OT that, with Christ's coming, is now unveiled
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 7328 ‑ רָז (rawz);
Frequency Lists [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Thayer's Expanded Definition
μυστήριον, μυστηρίου, τό (μύστης (one initiated; from μυέω, which see)), in classical Greek a hidden thing, secret, mystery: μυστήριον σου μή κατειπης τῷ φιλῶ, Menander; plural generally mysteries, religious secrets, confided only to the initiated and not to be communicated by them to ordinary mortals; (cf. K. F. Hermann, Gottesdienstl. Alterthümer der Griechen, § 32). In the Scriptures:
1. a hidden or secret thing, not obvious to the understanding: 1 Corinthians 13:2; 1 Corinthians 14:2; (of the secret rites of the Gentiles, Wisdom of Solomon 14:15,23).
2. a hidden purpose or counsel; secret will: of men, τοῦ βασιλέως, Tobit 12:7,11; τῆς βουλῆς αὐτοῦ, Judith 2:2; of God: μυστήρια Θεοῦ, the secret counsels which govern God in dealing with the righteous, which are hidden from ungodly and wicked men but plain to the godly, Wisdom of Solomon 2:22. In the N. T., God's plan of providing salvation for men through Christ, which was once hidden but now is revealed: Romans 16:25; 1 Corinthians 2:7 (on this see ἐν, I:5f.); Ephesians 3:9; Colossians 1:26f; with τοῦ θελήματος αὐτοῦ added, Ephesians 1:9; τοῦ Θεοῦ, which God formed, Colossians 2:2; ( 1 Corinthians 2:1 WH text); τοῦ Χριστοῦ, respecting Christ, Colossians 4:3; τοῦ εὐαγγελίου, which is contained and announced in the gospel, Ephesians 6:19; ἐτελέσθη τό μυστήριον τοῦ Θεοῦ, said of the consummation of this purpose, to be looked for when Christ returns, Revelation 10:7; τά μυστήρια τῆς βασιλείας τῶν οὐρανῶν or τοῦ Θεοῦ, the secret purposes relative to the kingdom of God, Matthew 13:11; Mark 4:11; Luke 8:10; used of certain single events decreed by God having reference to his kingdom or the salvation of men, Romans 11:25; 1 Corinthians 15:51; of God's purpose to bless the Gentiles also with salvation through Christ (cf. Lightfoot on Colossians 1:26), Ephesians 3:3, cf. Ephesians 3:5; with τοῦ Χριστοῦ added, Ephesians 3:4; οἰκονόμοι μυστηρίων Θεοῦ, the stewards of God's mysteries, i. e. those intrusted with the announcement of God's secret purposes to men, 1 Corinthians 4:1; used generally, of Christian truth as hidden from ungodly men: with the addition of τῆς πίστεως, τῆς εὐσεβείας, which faith and godliness embrace and keep, 1 Timothy 3:9,16; τό μυστήριον τῆς ἀνομίας the mystery of lawlessness, the secret purpose formed by lawlessness, seems to be a tacit antithesis to God's saving purpose, 2 Thessalonians 2:7.
3. Like רָזָא and סוד in rabbinic writers, it denotes the mystic or hidden sense: of an O. T. saying, Ephesians 5:32; of a name, Revelation 17:5; of an image or form seen in a vision, Revelation 1:20; Revelation 17:5; of a dream, ( Theod.) Daniel 2:18f, 27-30, where the Sept. so renders רָז. (The Vulg. translates the word sacramentum in Daniel 2:18; Daniel 4:6; Tobit 12:7; Wisdom of Solomon 2:22; Ephesians 1:9; Ephesians 3:3,9; Ephesians 5:32; 1 Timothy 3:16; Revelation 1:20.) (On the distinctive N. T. use of the word cf. Campbell, Dissertations on the Gospels. diss. ix. part i.; Kendrick in B. D. American edition under the word
Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament
μυστήρισν , -ου , τό
(< μυέω ),
[in LXX: Da LXX TH ff. (H7328), ; , , ; ; ; , ; ; ; , *;]
1. that which is known to the μύστης (initiated), a mystery or secret doctrine, mostly in pl., τὰ μ . (Æsch., Hdt., al.).
2. In later writers (Menand., Incert., 168), that which may not be revealed (not, however, as in the modern sense, intrinsically difficult to understand), a secret or mystery of any kind (To, Jth, 2Mac, ll, c.).
3. In NT, of the counsels of God (cf. Th.: , for H5475), once hidden but now revealed in the Gospel or some fact thereof;
(a) of the Christian revelation generally : , , , ; ; τ . βασιλείας τ . θεοῦ , ; τ . θεοῦ , , ; τ . θ ., Χριστοῦ , ; τ . Χριστοῦ ,, , ; τ . θελήματος αὐτοῦ , ; τ . εὐαγγελίον , ; τ . πίστεως ,, ; τ . εὐσεβείας , ;
(b) of particular truths, or details, of the Christian revelation : , , , , ; ; ; pl., τὰ μ ., ; ; θεοῦ , ; τ . βασιλείας τ . οὐρανῶν (θεοῦ ), , (cf. Westc., Eph., 180 ff.; AR, Eph., 234 ff.; Lft., Col., 165 f.; Hatch, Essays, 57 f.; DB, iii, 465 ff.; DCG, ii, 213 ff.).†
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT
For νυμφίος, ";bridegroom,"; see the late CPR I. 30.37 (vi/A.D.), and from the inscrr. Syll 615 ( = .3 1024).33 f. (c. B.C. 200) ὧν οἱ νυμφίοι θύ [ου ]σιν τῶν ἀρ [ν ]ῶν τῶι ἱερεῖ καὶ τῶι νυμφίωι γλῶσσα ἑκατέρωι, and the sepulchral inscr. Preisigke 10 Ἰοάνη Ἰοάνου νύμφιε ἄωρε πασίφιλε καὶ ἄλυπε χρηστὲ χαῖρε, ὡς (ἐτῶν) λ ̄.
The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
μυστηρια μυστήρια μυστηριον μυστήριον μυστηριου μυστηρίου μυστηριω μυστηρίω μυστηρίῳ μυστηριων μυστηρίων musteria mustēria musterio mustēriō musterion mustērion mustēriōn musteriou mustēriou mysteria mystēria mystḗria mysterio mystēriō mysteríoi mystēríōi mysterion mysteríon mystērion mystēriōn mystēríōn mystḗrion mysteriou mysteríou mystēriou mystēríou