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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #3986 - πειρασμός

Transliteration
peirasmós
Phonetics
pi-ras-mos'  
Word Origin
from (3985)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
TDNT
6:23,822
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. an experiment, attempt, trial, proving
    1. trial, proving: the trial made of you by my bodily condition, since condition served as to test the love of the Galatians toward Paul (Gal. 4:
    1. the trial of man's fidelity, integrity, virtue, constancy
      1. an enticement to sin, temptation, whether arising from the desires or from the outward circumstances
      2. an internal temptation to sin 1b
    2. of the temptation by which the devil sought to divert Jesus the Messiah from his divine errand
      1. of the condition of things, or a mental state, by which we are enticed to sin, or to a lapse from the faith and holiness
      2. adversity, affliction, trouble: sent by God and serving to test or prove one's character, faith, holiness
    3. temptation (i.e. trial) of God by men
      1. rebellion against God, by which his power and justice are, as it were, put to the proof and challenged to show themselves
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 4531 ‑ מַסָּה (mas‑saw');  6045 ‑ עִנְיָן (in‑yawn');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (21) NAS (21) HCS (21)
Matthew 2
Mark 1
Luke 6
Acts 1
1 Corinthians 1
Galatians 1
1 Timothy 1
Hebrews 1
James 2
1 Peter 2
2 Peter 1
Revelation 1
Matthew 2
Mark 1
Luke 6
Acts 1
1 Corinthians 1
Galatians 1
1 Timothy 1
Hebrews 1
James 2
1 Peter 2
2 Peter 1
Revelation 1
Matthew 2
Mark 1
Luke 6
Acts 1
1 Corinthians 2
Galatians 1
1 Timothy 1
Hebrews 1
James 2
1 Peter 2
2 Peter 1
Revelation 1
BYZ TIS TR
N-ASM 11
N-DPM 3
N-DSM 1
N-GPM 1
N-GSM 4
N-NSM 1
N-ASM 11
N-DPM 3
N-DSM 1
N-GPM 2
N-GSM 3
N-ASM 11
N-DPM 3
N-DSM 1
N-GPM 2
N-GSM 4
N-NSM 1
NA WH
N-ASM 11
N-DPM 3
N-DSM 1
N-GPM 1
N-GSM 4
N-ASM 11
N-DPM 3
N-DSM 2
N-GPM 1
N-GSM 4
N-NSM 2


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

πειρ-ασμός, ὁ,

trial, LXX De. 4.34, al., 1 Peter 4:12; οἱ ἐπὶ τῶν παθῶν π. Dsc. 1 Praef. 5; πειρασμοὶ ἐν τῇ γῇ καὶ θαλάσσῃ Cyran. 40.

2. worry, LXX Ecclesiastes 5:2.

II temptation, ib. Si. 44.20, Mark 14:38, etc.

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 πειρασμός, πειρασμοῦ, (πειράζω, which see), the Sept. for מַסָּה, an experiment, attempt, trial, proving; ( Vulg. tentatio);

a. universally, trial, proving: Sirach 27:5,7; τόν πειρασμόν ὑμῶν ἐν τῇ σαρκί μου, the trial made of you by my bodily condition, since this condition served to test the love of the Galatians toward Paul, Galatians 4:14 L T Tr WH (cf.

b. below, and Lightfoot at the passage).

b. specifically, the trial of man's fidelity, integrity, virtue, constancy, etc.: 1 Peter 4:12; also an enticement to sin, temptation, whether arising from the desires or from outward circumstances, Luke 8:13; 1 Corinthians 10:13; ὑπομένειν πειρασμόν, James 1:12; an internal temptation to sin, 1 Timothy 6:9; of the temptation by which the devil sought to divert Jesus the Messiah from his divine errand, Luke 4:13; of a condition of things, or a mental state, by which we are enticed to sin, or to a lapse from faith and holiness: in the phrases εἰσφέρειν τινα εἰς πειρασμόν, Matthew 6:13; Luke 11:4; ἐισέρχεσθαι εἰς πειρασμόν, Matthew 26:41; Mark 14:38 (here T WH ἔλθητε); Luke 22:40,46; adversity, affliction, trouble (cf. our trial), sent by God and serving to test or prove one's faith, holiness, character: plural, Luke 22:28; Acts 20:19; James 1:2; 1 Peter 1:6; τόν πειρασμόν μου τόν ἐν τῇ σαρκί μου, my temptation arising from my bodily infirmity, Galatians 4:14 Rec. (but see a. above); ὥρα τοῦ πειρασμοῦ, Revelation 3:10; ἐκ πειρασμοῦ ῤύεσθαι, 2 Peter 2:9 ( Deuteronomy 7:19; Deuteronomy 29:3; Sirach 2:1 Sirach 6:7 Sirach 36:1 ( Sirach 33:1); 1 Maccabees 2:52).

c. 'temptation' (i. e. trial) of God by men, i. e. rebellion against God, by which his power and justice are, as It were, put to the proof and challenged to show themselves: Hebrews 3:8 ( Deuteronomy 6:16; Deuteronomy 9:22; Psalm 94:8 (Psalm 95:8>)). Cf. Fried. B. Koester, Die Biblical Lehre yon der Versuchung. Gotha, 1859. (The word has not yet been found in secular authors except Dioscorides (?) praef. i. τούς ἐπί παθῶν πειρασμούς experiments made on diseases.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

πειρααμός , -οῦ ,

(< πειράζω ),

[in LXX for H4531, H6045;]

1. = πεῖρα , an experiment Diosc.).

2. a trial, of ethical purpose and effect, whether good or evil (v. Hort on );

(a) in good or neutral sense: , , ; esp. of afflictions sent by God (, , al.): , ; pl., , , , ;

(b) of trial regarded as leading to sin, temptation: , , ; of the temptation of Jesus by the devil, ; εἰσφέρειν (ἔρχεσθαι , εἰσέρχ -) εἰς Papyri, ; , , ; ; ;

(c) of the testing or challenge of God by man (see πειράζω , 3, c.) : (LXX: , where κατα τ . ἡμέραν πειρασμοῦ = H4531 the day of Massah).

SYN.: δοκίμιον G1383.

 

 

 

 


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";Persuasive speech"; in a somewhat depreciatory sense is evidently the meaning of this word in Colossians 2:4, its only occurrence in the Greek Bible : cf. the legal process, P Lips I. 40iii. 7 (iv/v A.D.), where one of the parties declares with reference to certain things that had been seized—διὰ πειθανολογίας τὰ ἁρπαγέντα ζητοῦσι κατέχειν. The adj. π (ε)ιθανός, which has often a similar connotation, occurs in CP Herm I. 7.20. See also Epict. i 8. 7 ἡ πιθανολογική, ";the art of persuasion.";

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
πειρασμοις πειρασμοίς πειρασμοῖς πειρασμον πειρασμόν πειρασμὸν πειρασμος πειρασμός πειρασμὸς πειρασμου πειρασμού πειρασμοῦ πειρασμόυ πειρασμούς πειρασμω πειρασμώ πειρασμῷ πειρασμων πειρασμών πειρασμῶν πειραταίς πειρατεύσει πειρατήρια πειρατήριον πειρατήριόν πειρατηρίου πειράτου πειρατών peirasmo peirasmō peirasmôi peirasmō̂i peirasmois peirasmoîs peirasmon peirasmón peirasmòn peirasmôn peirasmōn peirasmō̂n peirasmos peirasmòs peirasmou peirasmoû

Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, July 22nd, 2017
the Week of Proper 10 / Ordinary 15
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