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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #4893 - συνείδησις

Transliteration
syneídēsis
Phonetics
soon-i'-day-sis  
Word Origin
from a prolonged form of (4894)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
TDNT
7:898,1120
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. the consciousness of anything
  2. the soul as distinguishing between what is morally good and bad, prompting to do the former and shun the latter, commending one, condemning the other
    1. the conscience
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 4093 ‑ מַדַּע (mad‑daw', mad‑dah');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (32) NAS (30) HCS (30)
John 1
Acts 2
Romans 3
1 Corinthians 7
2 Corinthians 3
1 Timothy 4
2 Timothy 1
Titus 1
Hebrews 5
1 Peter 3
Acts 2
Romans 3
1 Corinthians 7
2 Corinthians 3
1 Timothy 4
2 Timothy 1
Titus 1
Hebrews 5
1 Peter 3
Acts 2
Romans 3
1 Corinthians 8
2 Corinthians 3
1 Timothy 4
2 Timothy 1
Titus 1
Hebrews 5
1 Peter 3
BYZ TIS TR
N-ASF 16
N-DPF 1
N-DSF 4
N-GSF 9
N-NSF 3
N-ASF 14
N-DPF 1
N-DSF 3
N-GSF 7
N-NSF 3
N-ASF 16
N-DPF 1
N-DSF 4
N-GSF 8
N-NSF 3
NA WH
N-ASF 15
N-DPF 1
N-DSF 3
N-GSF 7
N-NSF 3
N-ASF 17
N-DPF 1
N-DSF 3
N-GSF 9
N-NSF 3


Thayer's Expanded Definition
 συνείδησις, συνειδήσεως, (συνεῖδον), Latin conscientia (literally, 'joint-knowledge'; see σύν, II:4), i. e.

a. the consciousness of anything: with a genitive of the object, τῶν ἁμαρτιῶν, a soul conscious of sins, Hebrews 10:2 (τοῦ μύσους, Diodorus 4,65; συνείδησις εὐγενής, consciousness of nobility; a soul mindful of its noble origin, Herodian, 7,1, 8 (3edition, Bekker)).

b. "the soul as distinguishing between what is morally good and bad, prompting to do the former and shun the latter, commending the one, condemning the other; conscience": with a genitive of the subjunctive, συνείδησις τίνος, Romans 2:15 (where the idea of συνείδησις is further explained by καί μεταξύ ... καί ἀπολογουμένων (cf. Winer s Grammar, 580 (539); see ἀπολογέομαι, 2, and συμμαρτυρέω)); Romans 9:1; 1 Corinthians 8:7 (cf. Winer's Grammar, § 30,1a.),1 Corinthians 8:10,12>; 1 Corinthians 10:29>; 2 Corinthians 1:12; 2 Corinthians 4:2; 2 Corinthians 5:11; Hebrews 9:14 ( τοῦ φαυλου συνείδησις, Philo, fragment, vol. ii, p. 659, Mangey edition (vi., p. 217f, Richter edition)); ἰδίᾳ συνείδησις, 1 Timothy 4:2; ἄλλη συνείδησις equivalent to ἄλλου τίνος συνείδησις, 1 Corinthians 10:29; διά τήν συνείδησιν, for conscience' sake, because conscience requires it (viz., the conduct in question), Romans 13:5; in order not to occasion scruples of conscience (in another), 1 Corinthians 10:28; μηδέν ἀνακρίνειν διά τήν συνείδησιν (anxiously) questioning nothing, as though such questioning were demanded by conscience, 1 Corinthians 10:25,27; διά συνείδησιν Θεοῦ, because conscience is impressed and governed by the idea of God (and so understands that griefs are to be borne according to God's will), 1 Peter 2:19; συνείδησιν τοῦ εἰδώλου, a conscience impressed and controlled by an idea of the idol (i. e. by a notion of the idol's existence and power), 1 Corinthians 8:7 Rec.; τελειῶσαι τινα κατά τήν συνείδησιν (namely, αὐτοῦ), so to perfect one that his own conscience is satisfied, i. e. that he can regard himself as free from guilt, Hebrews 9:9; ἐλέγχεσθαι ὑπό τῆς συνειδήσεως John 8:9 (ὑπό τοῦ συνειδοτος, Philo de Josepho § 9 at the end; συνέχεσθαι τῇ συνειδήσει, Wisdom of Solomon 17:10); συνείδησις is said μαρτυρεῖν, Romans 9:1; συμμαρτύρειν, Romans 2:15; τό μαρτύριον τῆς συνειδήσεως, 2 Corinthians 1:12. With epithets: ἀσθενής, not strong enough to distinguish clearly between things lawful for a Christian and things unlawful, 1 Corinthians 8:7, cf. 1 Corinthians 8:10; συνείδησις ἀγαθή, a conscience reconciled to God, 1 Peter 3:21; free from guilt, consciousness of rectitude, of right conduct, Acts 23:1; 1 Timothy 1:5 ( Herodian, 6,3, 9 (4edition, Bekker)); ἔχειν συνείδησιν ἀγαθήν, 1 Timothy 1:19; 1 Peter 3:16, (ἐν ἀγαθή συνείδησις ὑπάρχειν, Clement of Rome, 1 Corinthians 41,1 [ET]); ἔχειν συνείδησιν καλήν, Hebrews 13:18; συνείδησις καθαρά, 1 Timothy 3:9; 2 Timothy 1:3 ( Clement of Rome, 1 Corinthians 45,7 [ET], cf. ἁγνή συνείδησις, ibid. 1,3; καθαρός τῇ συνειδήσει, Ignatius ad Trall. 7,2 [ET]); ἀπρόσκοπος, Acts 24:16; πονηρά, a mind conscious of wrong-doing, Hebrews 10:22 ((ἐν συνειδήσει ποιηρα, ' Teaching' etc. 4,14 [ET]); ἀπρεπής, Lucian, amor. 49). συνείδησις καθαρίζεται ἀπό κτλ., Hebrews 9:14; μολύνεται, 1 Corinthians 8:7; μιαίνεται, Titus 1:15 (μηδέν ἑκουσίως ψεύδεσθαι μηδέ μιαίνειν τήν αὑτοῦ συνείδησιν, Dionysius Halicarnassus, jud. Thucydides8ἅπασιν ἡμῖν συνείδησις Θεός, Menander 597, p. 103, Didot edition; βροτοῖς ἅπασιν συνείδησις Θεός, ibid. 654, p. 101, Didot edition; Epictetus fragment 97 represents συνείδησις as filling the same office in adults which a tutor (παιδαγωγός, which see) holds toward boys; with Philo, Plutarch, and others, τό συνειδός is more common. In the Sept. once for מַדָּע , Ecclesiastes 10:20; (equivalent to conscience, Wisdom of Solomon 17:11; cf. Delitzsch, Brief an d. Röm., p. 11)). Cf. especially Jahnel, Diss. de conscientiae notione, qualis fuerit apud veteres et apud Christianos usque ad aevi medii exitum. Berol. 1862 (also the same, Ueber den Begr. Gewissen in d. Griech. Philos. (Berlin, 1872)); Kähler, Das Gewissen. I. die Entwickelung seiner Namen u. seines Begriffes. i., Alterth. u. N. T. (Halle, 1878); (also in Herzog edition 2, under the word Gewissen; Zezschwitz, Profangräcität as above with, pp. 52-57; Schenkel, under the word Gewissen both in Herzog edition 1, and in his BL.; P. Ewald, De vocis συνείδησις ap. script. Novi Test. vi ac potestate (pp. 91; 1883); other references in Schaff-Herzog, under the word Conscience).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

συν -είδησις , -εως ,

(< συνεῖδον ),

[in LXX: (H4093), , א *;]

1. consciousness: c. gen. obj., , .

2. In ethical sense, innate discernment, self-judging consciousness, conscience (Stoics and late writers): ; , , ; ; , , ; σ . ἀγαθή , , ; , ; ; ἀσθενής , ; ; ἀσθενοῦσα , ; ἀπρόσκοπος , ; καθαρά , , ; καλή , ; πονηρά , ; ὁ νοῦς καὶ ἡ σ ., ; διὰ τὴν σ ., , ; ; κατὰ σ ., ; ὑπὸ (τῆς ) σ ., (9) (Rec.), (cf. Cremer, 233 ff.; ICC on ; DB, i, 468 ff.).

 

 

 

 


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

We can add nothing from our sources to Preisigke’s (Wörterb. s.v.) iv/A.D. citations for this verb, P Lips I. 39.7 and PSI I. 41.7 and .23 σ ]ωφρονῖν καὶ ἡσυχάζειν, where the meaning is ";am of sound mind,"; ";am discreet,"; as in the NT occurrences (Mark 5:15 al.). See also Xen. Oecon. vii. 14 ἐμὸν δ᾽ ἔφησεν ἡ μήτηρ ἔργον εἶναι σωφρονεῖν, the reference being to prudence in household management,

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
συνειδησει συνειδήσει συνειδησεσιν συνειδήσεσιν συνειδησεως συνειδήσεως συνειδήσεώς συνειδησιν συνείδησιν συνειδησις συνείδησις suneidesei suneidēsei suneideseos suneidēseōs suneidesesin suneidēsesin suneidesin suneidēsin suneidesis suneidēsis syneidesei syneidēsei syneidḗsei syneideseos syneidēseōs syneidḗseos syneidḗseōs syneidḗseṓs syneidesesin syneidēsesin syneidḗsesin syneidesin syneidēsin syneídesin syneídēsin syneidesis syneidēsis syneídesis syneídēsis

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