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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #5355 - φθόνος

Transliteration
phthónos
Phonetics
fthon'-os  
Word Origin
probably akin to the base of (5351)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
TDNT
None
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. envy
  2. for envy, i.e. prompted by envy
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (9) NAS (9) HCS (9)
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Romans 1
Galatians 1
Philippians 1
1 Timothy 1
Titus 1
James 1
1 Peter 1
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Romans 1
Galatians 1
Philippians 1
1 Timothy 1
Titus 1
James 1
1 Peter 1
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Romans 1
Galatians 1
Philippians 1
1 Timothy 1
Titus 1
James 1
1 Peter 1
BYZ TIS TR
N-APM 1
N-ASM 4
N-DSM 1
N-GSM 1
N-NPM 1
N-NSM 1
N-APM 1
N-ASM 4
N-DSM 1
N-GSM 1
N-NSM 1
N-APM 1
N-ASM 4
N-DSM 1
N-GSM 1
N-NPM 1
N-NSM 1
NA WH
N-APM 1
N-ASM 4
N-DSM 1
N-GSM 1
N-NSM 1
N-APM 1
N-ASM 5
N-DSM 1
N-GSM 1
N-NPM 1
N-NSM 1


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

φθόνος, ὁ,

ill-will or malice, esp. envy or jealousy of the good fortune of others (Pl. Def. 416b, Arist. Rh. 1387b22), Pi. O. 8.55, etc.; φθόνῳ through envy, Hdt. 3.30, 9.71; opp. εὔνοια, Pl. Lg. 635b; opp. ἔπαινος, Lys. 24.1; ἴσχει ὄλβος φθόνον incurs envy, Pi. P. 11.29, cf. Isoc. 5.68; φθόνον πρὸς ἀστῶν ἀλφάνουσι E. Med. 297; φθόνῳ χρῆσθαι πρὸς τὰ παιδικά Pl. Phdr. 253b; κρέσσων οἰκτιρμοῦ φθόνος better to be envied than pitied ! Pi. P. 1.85, cf. And. 2.6; πρὸς γὰρ τὸν ἔχονθ' ὁ φ. ἕρπει S. Aj. 157 (anap.), cf. OT 382; ἐς τἀπίσημα δ' ὁ φ. πηδᾶν φιλεῖ E. Fr. 294; φ. συνεστιώμενος, of wealth, Secund. Sent. 9; φ. [ἐστὶ] τοῖς ζῶσι πρὸς τὸ ἀντίπαλον Th. 2.45; κατὰ φθόνον A. Eu. 686, Pl. Grg. 457d; σὺν φθόνῳ E. Andr. 780 (lyr.); διὰ φθόνον Philippians 1:15 : c. gen. objecti, envy for, jealousy of, τῶν πεπραγμένων Lys. 2.48; φθόνον δὲ σωμάτων ἕξει θεός i.e. will grudge, deny, A. Pr. 859: c. gen. subj., envy or jealousy felt by another, Pl. Hp.Ma. 282a; also φ. ἐφ' ἑτέροις Plu. 2.39e, etc.; εἴς τινα AP 6.257 (Antiphil.); πρός τινα Luc. Rh. Proverbs 22:1-29 : pl., envyings, jealousies, heartburnings, Isoc. 15.163, Pl. Lg. 679c, 801e, etc. a cause for indignation, a reproach, ἀποκτείνειν φθόνος [ἐστὶ] γυναῖκας E. Hec. 288.

2. esp. jealousy of the gods (cf. φθονερός 1.2), θεῶν φ. A. Pers. 362, Ag. 947; φ. μὴ γένοιτό τις θεῶν E. Alc. 1135: hence abs., τὸν φ. δὲ πρόσκυσον S. Ph. 776; εὐλαβούμενος φθόνον D. 18.305.

II refusal from feelings of ill-will or envy, grudging, φθόνος μὲν οὐδεὶς.. A. Pr. 628; οὐδεὶς φ. or φ. οὐδείς, c. inf., said in granting a request willingly, ἃ τυγχάνω ἀκηκοώς, φ. οὐδεὶς λέγειν Pl. Phd. 61d; οὐδεὶς.. φ. αὐτῷ διελθεῖν αὐτά Id. Sph. 217a, cf. b. Lg. 641d, 664a.

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 φθόνος, φθόνου, , from ( Pindar and) Herodotus down, envy: Romans 1:29; Galatians 5:21; 1 Timothy 6:4; Titus 3:3; 1 Peter 2:1; διά φθόνον, for envy, i. e. prompted by envy (see διαφθονος B. II:2b.), Matthew 27:18; Mark 15:10; Philippians 1:15 ( Dio Cassius, 44,36); πρός φθόνον ἐπιποθεῖ τό πνεῦμα κατῴκησεν (but see κατοικίζω) ἐν ἡμῖν; doth the Spirit which took up its abode within us (i. e. the Holy Spirit) long enviously? (see πρός, I:3g.), James 4:5 (but T ( WH in second marginal reading) drop the interrogative); see on the passage Grimm in the Theol. Studien und Kritiken for 1854, p. 934ff. (Synonym: see ζῆλος, 2at the end.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

** φθόνος , -ου , ,

[in LXX: ; , , *;]

envy: , , , , ; διὰ φθόνον , , , ; πρὸς φθόνον ἐπιποθεῖ τ . πνεῦμα (on the meaning, v. R, txt., mg. 1, 2; Hort, Ja., 93 f.), .

 

 

 

 


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";cry out,"; ";shout"; : cf. BGU III. 925.8 (iii/A.D.) μετὰ τὴ <ν > [ ]ν [άγ ]ν [ωσιν ] ἡ βουλὴ ἐφώνησεν · Ἔλλειμμά ἐστιν. . . , and P Oxy XVII. 2110.6 (A.D. 370) οἱ βουλευταὶ ἐφώνησαν · κύριον τὸ κατὰ κῆραν, ";The senators cried,‘ What is on the tablet is valid’"; (Ed.).The word, which is used of the ";crowing"; of a cock in Mat. 26:34 al., gives place to κοκκύζω in the new Rainer fragment (Mittheilungen aus der Sammlung der Papyrus Erzherzog Rainer, i. p.53 ff., ii.p. 411. : cf. Milligan Here and There, p. 123 ff. ).

From the inscrr. we may cite Syll 737 (= .3 1109).108 (after A.D. 178) μηδεὶς δ᾽ ἔπος φωνείτω, and for the meaning ";address"; followed by a nom. of the title, as in Joh. 13:13, see Blass-Debrunner §§ 143, 147.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
φθονοι φθόνοι φθονον φθόνον φθονος φθόνος φθονου φθόνου φθονους φθόνους φθονω φθόνω φθόνῳ phthono phthonō phthonoi phthónoi phthónōi phthonon phthónon phthonos phthónos phthonou phthónou phthonous phthónous

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