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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #5463 - χαίρω

Transliteration
chaírō
Phonetics
khah'ee-ro  
Word Origin
a primary verb
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
9:359,1298
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to rejoice, be glad
  2. to rejoice exceedingly
  3. to be well, thrive
  4. in salutations, hail!
  5. at the beginning of letters: to give one greeting, salute
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 157 ‑ אַהֵב (aw‑hab', aw‑habe');  1523 ‑ גּוּל (gheel, gool);  3190 ‑ יָטַב (yaw‑tab');  5937 ‑ עָלַז (aw‑laz');  7442 ‑ רָנַן (raw‑nan');  7797 ‑ שִׂישׂ (soos, sece);  7965 ‑ שָׁלֹם (shaw‑lome', shaw‑lome');  8055 ‑ שָׂמַח (saw‑makh');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (74) NAS (75) HCS (73)
Matthew 6
Mark 2
Luke 11
John 9
Acts 7
Romans 3
1 Corinthians 3
2 Corinthians 8
Philippians 7
Colossians 2
1 Thessalonians 2
James 1
1 Peter 1
2 John 3
3 John 1
Revelation 2
Matthew 6
Mark 2
Luke 11
John 9
Acts 7
Romans 3
1 Corinthians 3
2 Corinthians 8
Philippians 7
Colossians 2
1 Thessalonians 2
James 1
1 Peter 1
2 John 3
3 John 1
Revelation 2
Matthew 6
Mark 2
Luke 12
John 9
Acts 7
Romans 4
1 Corinthians 4
2 Corinthians 8
Philippians 9
Colossians 2
1 Thessalonians 1
James 1
1 Peter 2
2 John 3
3 John 1
Revelation 2
BYZ TIS TR
V-2AOI-1P 1
V-2AOI-1S 3
V-2AOI-2P 1
V-2AOI-3P 5
V-2AOI-3S 3
V-2AOM-2P 1
V-2AON 2
V-2AOS-2P 2
V-2FOI-1S 1
V-2FOI-3P 1
V-2FOI-3S 2
V-IAI-3P 1
V-IAI-3S 3
V-PAI-1P 2
V-PAI-1S 8
V-PAI-3P 1
V-PAI-3S 3
V-PAM-2P 11
V-PAM-2S 5
V-PAN 7
V-PAP-GPM 1
V-PAP-NPM 6
V-PAP-NSM 4
V-PAS-1P 1
V-PAS-3S 1
V-2AOI-1P 1
V-2AOI-2P 1
V-2AOI-3P 5
V-2AOI-3S 3
V-2AON 2
V-2AOS-2P 2
V-2FOI-1S 1
V-2FOI-3P 1
V-2FOI-3S 2
V-IAI-3P 1
V-IAI-3S 1
V-PAI-1P 1
V-PAI-1S 6
V-PAI-3P 1
V-PAI-3S 3
V-PAM-2P 9
V-PAM-2S 5
V-PAN 6
V-PAP-GPM 1
V-PAP-NPM 6
V-PAP-NSM 4
V-PAS-3S 1
V-2AOI-1P 1
V-2AOI-1S 3
V-2AOI-2P 1
V-2AOI-3P 5
V-2AOI-3S 3
V-2AON 2
V-2AOS-2P 2
V-2FOI-1S 1
V-2FOI-3P 1
V-2FOI-3S 2
V-FAI-3P 1
V-IAI-3P 1
V-IAI-3S 1
V-PAI-1P 2
V-PAI-1S 8
V-PAI-3S 3
V-PAM-2P 12
V-PAM-2S 5
V-PAN 7
V-PAP-GPM 1
V-PAP-NPM 6
V-PAP-NSM 4
V-PAS-1P 1
V-PAS-3S 1
NA WH
V-API-3S 1
V-APN 1
V-FPI-1S 1
V-FPI-3P 1
V-PAD-2P 2
V-PAN 3
V-PAPNSM 2
V-2AOI-1P 1
V-2AOI-1S 3
V-2AOI-2P 2
V-2AOI-3P 5
V-2AOI-3S 3
V-2AOM-2P 1
V-2AON 2
V-2AOS-2P 2
V-2FOI-1S 1
V-2FOI-3P 1
V-2FOI-3S 3
V-IAI-3P 1
V-IAI-3S 1
V-PAI-1P 3
V-PAI-1S 10
V-PAI-3P 1
V-PAI-3S 3
V-PAM-2P 11
V-PAM-2S 5
V-PAN 9
V-PAP-GPM 1
V-PAP-NPM 6
V-PAP-NSM 4
V-PAS-1P 1
V-PAS-3S 1


Thayer's Expanded Definition
 χαίρω; imperfect ἔχαιρον; future χαρήσομαι ( Luke 1:14; John 16:20,22; Philippians 1:18, for the earlier form καιρήσω, cf. ( Winer s Grammar, 90 (86); Buttmann, 68 (60)); Alexander Buttmann (1873) Ausf. Spr. ii. 322 f; Matthiae, § 255, under the word; Kühner, § 343under the word; Krüger, § 40, under the word; ( Veitch, under the word)), once χάρω ( Revelation 11:10 Rec., a form occurring nowhere else); 2aorist (passive as active) ἐχάρην (cf. συγχαίρω, at the beginning); from Homer down; the Sept. for שָׂמַח, גִּיל, שׂוּשׂ; to rejoice, be glad;

a. in the properly, and strict sense: ( Mark 14:11); Luke 15:5,(32); Luke 19:6,37; 22:5; 23:8>; John 4:36; John 8:56; John 20:20; Acts 5:41; Acts 8:39; Acts 11:23; Acts 13:48; 2Cor. (2 Corinthians 4:10>); 2 Corinthians 7:7; 13:9,11> (some refer this to b. in the sense of farewell); Philippians 2:17,28; Colossians 2:5; 1 Thessalonians 5:16; 1 Peter 4:13; 3 John 1:3; opposed to κλαίειν, Romans 12:15; 1 Corinthians 7:30; opposed to κλαίειν καί θρηνεῖν, John 16:20; opposed to λύπην ἔχειν, ibid. John 16:22>; joined with ἀγαλλίασθαι, Matthew 5:12; Revelation 19:7; with σκιρταν, Luke 6:23; χαίρειν ἐν κυρίῳ (see ἐν, L 6b, p. 211 b middle (cf. Buttmann, 185 (161))), Philippians 3:1; Philippians 4:4,10; χαίρειν χαράν μεγάλην (cf. χαρά, a.), to rejoice exceedingly, Matthew 2:10; also χαρά χαίρειν ( Winer s Grammar, § 54,3; Buttmann, § 133,22), John 3:29: χαρά χαίρομεν, 1 Thessalonians 3:9; χαίρειν ἐπί with a dative of the object, Matthew 18:13; Luke 1:14; Luke 13:17; Acts 15:31 Romans 16:19 L T Tr WH; 1 Corinthians 13:6; 1 Corinthians 16:17; 2 Corinthians 7:13; Revelation 11:10 ( Xenophon, mem. 2,6, 35; Cyril 8,4, 12; Plato, legg. 5, p. 739d.; cf. Kühner, § 425 Anm. 6; ( Winer s Grammar, § 33a.; Buttmann, § 133,23); in the Greek writings generally with a simple dative of the object as Proverbs 17:19); διά τί, John 3:29; διά τινα, John 11:15; 1 Thessalonians 3:9; ἐν τούτῳ, Philippians 1:18; (ἐν ταῖς παθήμασι μου, Colossians 1:24); with an accusative of the object, τό αὐτό, Philippians 2:18 (ταῦτα, Demosthenes, p. 323,6; cf. Matthiae, § 414, p. 923; Krüger, § 46,5, 9); τό ἐφ' ὑμῖν (see , II:8, p. 436a), Romans 16:19 R G; ἀπό τίνος, equivalent to χαράν ἔχειν, to derive joy from one, 2 Corinthians 2:3; ἐχάρητε followed by ὅτι, John 14:28; 2 Corinthians 7:9,16; 2 John 1:4; ἐν τούτῳ, Luke 10:20; with a dative of the cause: τῇ ἐλπίδι χαίροντες, let the hope of future blessedness give you joy, Romans 12:12 (yet cf. Winer's Grammar, § 31,1k., 7d.).

b. in a broader sense, to be well, to thrive; in salutations, the imperative χαῖρε, "Hail!" Latin salve (so from Homer down): Matthew 26:49; Matthew 27:29; Mark 15:18; Luke 1:28; John 19:3; plural χαίρετε ( A. V. all hail), Matthew 28:9; at the beginning of letters the infinitive χαίρειν (namely, λέγει or κελευει): Acts 15:23; Acts 23:26; James 1:1 (often in the books of Maccabees; cf. Grimm on 1 Maccabees 10:18; Otto in the Jahrbb. f. deutsch. Theol. for 1867, p. 678ff; cf. Hilgenfeld, Galaterbrief, p. 99ff; Xenophon, Cyril 4,5, 27; Aelian v. h. 1,25); fully, χαίρειν λέγω, to give one greeting, salute, 2 John 1:10 (11). (Compare: συνχαίρω.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

χαίρω ,

[in LXX for H8055 (, al.), H1523 (, al.), etc.; inf., as greeting (v. infr.), ; H7965), , and freq. in these books;]

1. to rejoice, be glad: , ; ; ; ; ; , ; , ; ; ; , ; ; , ; , , , , ; χ . καὶ ἀγαλλιᾶσθαι , ; κ . σκιρτᾶν , ; opp. to κλαίειν , , ; to κλαίειν κ . θρηνεῖν ; to λύπην ἔχειν , ; c. cogn. acc, χ . χαρὰν μεγάλην , ; χαρᾷ χ . (B1., § 38, 3; Dalman, Words, 34 f.), ; ἡ χαρὰ ᾗ χαίρομεν , ; c. prep. (Bl., 38, 2), ἐπί , c. dat. (simple dat. in cl.), , ; , , , ; , , ; διά , ; , ; ἐν , ; ἀπό , ; c. acc (Dem.), ; seq. ὅτι , , ; , ; ἐν τούτῳ ὅτι , ; c. dat., ; ἐν κυρίῳ , .

2. In salutations, imperat., χαῖρε , χαίρετε ,

(a) at meeting, hail: ; , , , ; pl., ; so χχαίρειν λέγω , to give greeting, ; in letters, χαίρειν (sc. λέγει ; 81, 1), greeting: ; ;

(b) at parting, farewell: ;

(c) on other occasions, be of good cheer: ἐν κυρίῳ , ; (cf. συν -χαίρω ).

 

 

 

 


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";separate,"; ";divide";; cf. Wünsch AF p. 12.24 ἐξορκίζω ὑμᾶς κατὰ τοῦ ἐπάν (ω) τοῦ οὐρανοῦ θεοῦ. . . ὁ διορίσας τὴν γῆν καὶ χωρίσας τὴν θάλασσαν : cf. Gen. 1:7, Isa. 45:18. See also P Fay 110.10 (A.D. 94) χώρισον τὸ κόπριον εἰς τὴν κοπρηγίαν, ";take away the manure to the manure-heap"; (Edd.).

In mid. and pass, the verb passes into the meaning ";separate oneself from,"; ";depart,"; as in P Tor I. 1ii. 31 (B.C. 116) ( = Chrest. II. p. 32) τοῦ δὲ Δημητρίου χωριζομένου, ";abiit Demetrius,"; ib. viii. 10 ἔλεγεν πολύ τι κεχωρίσθαι, ";respondet longe abs re esse,"; P Oxy XII. 1479.7 (late i/B.C.) ἀφ᾽ οὗ κεχώρισαι τῇ ις ̄, ";since you went away on the 16th,"; P Grenfell II. 36.9 (B.C. 95) μὴ λυπεῖσθε ἐπὶ τοῖς χωρισθεῖσι. ὑπελαμβάνοσαν φονευθήσεσθαι, ";do not grieve over the departed. They expected to be killed"; (Edd.). BGU IV. 1204.6 (B.C. 28) τὴν οὖν ἁπάντων ἀντιφώνησιν ἐν τάχ ̣[ει πέμ ]ψον δια ̣, τὸ πλοῖον χω ̣ρι ̣ζεσθαι, and P Ryl II. 125.10 (A.D. 28–9) ἐμοῦ χωρισθέντος εἰς ἀποδημίαν βιωτ ̣[ι ]κῶν χάριν, ";wnen I had left home on business concerning my livelihood"; (Edd.).

The word has almost become a technical term in connexion with divorce, as in 1Co. 7:10-11; 1Co. 7:15; cf. BGU IV. 1102.9 (B.C. 13) συνχωροῦσιν Ἀ [πο ]λλωνία καὶ Ἑρμογένης κεχ [ω ]ρ ̣ι ̣σθαι ἀπ᾽ ἀλλήλων τῆς συστ [ ]σης αὐτοῖς συνβιώσεως, P Ryl II. 154.25 (A.D. 66) ἐὰν δὲ διαφορᾶς αὐτοῖς γεναμένης [χ ]ωρίζονται ἀπ᾽ ἀλλήλων. . ., ";but if any difference arises between them and they separate the one from the other. . ."; (Edd.), BGU I. 251.6 (A.D. 81), and ib. IV. 1045.22 (A.D. 154) : and for the subst. in a similar context, see P Ryl II. 154.30 (A.D. 66) κατὰ ] τὸν ἀπ᾽ ἀλλ [ ]λων τῶν [γα ]μούντω [ν χ ]ωρ [ι ]σμό [ν.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
έχαιρε εχαιρεν έχαιρεν ἔχαιρεν εχαιρον ἔχαιρον εχαρη εχάρη ἐχάρη εχαρημεν εχάρημεν ἐχάρημεν Εχαρην εχάρην Ἐχάρην εχαρησαν εχάρησαν ἐχάρησαν εχαρητε εχάρητε ἐχάρητε Χαιρε χαίρε Χαῖρε χαιρει χαίρει χαιρειν χαίρειν χαιρετε χαίρετε χαιρέτω χαιρη χαίρη χαίρῃ χαιρομεν χαίρομεν χαιροντες χαίροντες χαιροντων χαιρόντων χαιρουσιν χαίρουσιν χαιρω χαίρω χαιρωμεν χαίρωμεν χαιρων χαίρων χαρείται χαρηναι χαρήναι χαρῆναι χαρησεται χαρήσεται χαρησομαι χαρήσομαι χαρησονται χαρήσονται χαρητε χαρήτε χαρῆτε χάρητε Chaire chairē Chaîre chairei chaírei chaírēi chairein chaírein chairete chaírete chairo chairō chaíro chaírō chairomen chairōmen chaíromen chaírōmen chairon chairōn chaíron chaírōn chairontes chaírontes chaironton chairontōn chairónton chairóntōn chairousin chaírousin charenai charênai charēnai charē̂nai charesetai charēsetai charḗsetai charesomai charēsomai charḗsomai charesontai charēsontai charḗsontai charete charête charēte charē̂te chárete chárēte echairen échairen echairon échairon echare echarē echáre echárē echaremen echarēmen echáremen echárēmen Echaren Echarēn Echáren Echárēn echaresan echarēsan echáresan echárēsan echarete echarēte echárete echárēte

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