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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #684 - ἀπώλεια

Transliteration
apṓleia
Phonetics
ap-o'-li-a  
Word Origin
from a presumed derivative of (622)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
TDNT
1:396,67
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. destroying, utter destruction
    1. of vessels
  2. a perishing, ruin, destruction
    1. of money
    2. the destruction which consists of eternal misery in hell
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 343 ‑ אֵיד (ade);  657 ‑ אֶפֶס (eh'‑fes);  1091 ‑ בַּלָּהָה (bal‑law‑haw');  1478 ‑ גָּוַע (gaw‑vah');  1917 ‑ הַדָּם (had‑dawm');  2555 ‑ חָמָס (khaw‑mawce');  2764 ‑ חֶרֶם (khay'‑rem, kheh'‑rem);  4001 ‑ מְבוּסָה (meb‑oo‑saw');  4032 ‑ מָגוּר (maw‑gore', maw‑goor');  4046 ‑ מַגֵּפָה (mag‑gay‑faw');  4103 ‑ מְהוּמָה (meh‑hoo‑maw');  4646 ‑ מַפָּח (map‑pawkh');  5647 ‑ עָבַד (aw‑bad');  7200 ‑ רָאָה (raw‑aw');  7588 ‑ שָׁאוֹן (shaw‑one');  7703 ‑ שָׁדַד (shaw‑dad');  7722 ‑ שֹׁאָה (sho, sho‑aw', sho‑aw');  7843 ‑ שָׁחַת (shaw‑khath');  7998 ‑ שָׁלָל (shaw‑lawl');  8045 ‑ שָׁמַד (shaw‑mad');  8077 ‑ שִׁמָמָה (shem‑aw‑maw', shee‑mam‑aw');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (19) NAS (18) HCS (17)
Matthew 2
Mark 1
John 1
Acts 2
Romans 1
Philippians 2
2 Thessalonians 1
1 Timothy 1
Hebrews 1
2 Peter 5
Revelation 2
Matthew 2
Mark 1
John 1
Acts 1
Romans 1
Philippians 2
2 Thessalonians 1
1 Timothy 1
Hebrews 1
2 Peter 4
Revelation 2
Matthew 2
Mark 1
John 1
Acts 1
Romans 1
Philippians 2
2 Thessalonians 1
1 Timothy 1
Hebrews 1
2 Peter 4
Revelation 2
BYZ TIS TR
N-ASF 10
N-GSF 5
N-NSF 4
N-ASF 9
N-GSF 5
N-NSF 4
N-ASF 10
N-DPF 1
N-GSF 5
N-NSF 4
NA WH
N-ASF 9
N-GSF 5
N-NSF 4
N-ASF 9
N-GSF 6
N-NSF 5


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἀπώλεια, ἡ,

I destruction, Arist. EN 1120a2, etc.: pl., Id. Mete. 351b11.

II

1. loss, Id. Pr. 952b26; opp. τήρησις, Plb. 6.59.5 Schweigh., cf. BGU 1058.35, al. (i B. C.); τῶν χρόνων ἀ. Diog.Oen. 1.

2. perdition, Romans 9:22; 2 Thessalonians 2:3.

3. thing lost, LXX Leviticus 6:3 (5.22).

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 ἀπώλεια, ἀπωλείας, (from ἀπόλλυμι, which see);

1. actively, a destroying, utter destruction: as, of vessels, Romans 9:22; τοῦ μύρου, waste, Mark 14:4 (in Matthew 26:8 without a genitive) (in Polybius 6,59, 5 consumption, opposed to τήρησις); the putting of a man to death, Acts 25:16 Rec.; by metonymy, a destructive thing or opinion: in plural 2 Peter 2:2 Rec.; but the correct reading ἀσελγείαις was long ago adopted here.

2. passively, a perishing, ruin, destruction;

a. in general: τό ἀργύριον σου σύν σοι εἴη εἰς ἀπώλειαν, let thy money perish with thee, Acts 8:20; βυρθίζειν τινα εἰς ὄλεθρον καί ἀπώλειαν, with the included idea of misery, 1 Timothy 6:9; αἱρέσεις ἀπωλείας destructive opinions, 2 Peter 2:1; ἐπάγειν ἑαυτοῖς ἀπώλειαν, ibid. cf. 2 Peter 2:3.

b. in particular, the destruction which consists in the loss of eternal life, eternal misery, perdition, the lot of those excluded from the kingdom of God: Revelation 17:8,11, cf. Revelation 19:20; Philippians 3:19; 2 Peter 3:16; opposed to περιποίησις τῆς ψυχῆς, Hebrews 10:39; to ζωή, Matthew 7:13; to σωτηρία, Philippians 1:28. υἱός τῆς ἀπωλείας, a man doomed to eternal misery (a Hebraism, see υἱός, 2): 2 Thessalonians 2:3 (of Antichrist); John 17:12 (of Judas, the traitor); ἡμέρα κρίσεως καί ἀπωλείας τῶν ἀσεβῶν, 2 Peter 3:7. (In secular authors from Polybius as above (but see Aristotle, probl. 17,3, 2, vol. ii., p. 916{a}, 26; 29,14, 10 ibid. 952^b, 26; Nicom. eth. 4,1ibid. 1120{a}, 2, etc.); often in the Sept. and O. T. Apocrypha.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἀπώλεια , -ας ,

(< ἀπόλλυμι ),

[in LXX (Cremer, 797) for H6, H343, etc.;]

destruction, waste, loss, perishing (in Papyri, of money, v. MM, s.v.): Matthew 26:8, Mark 14:4, Acts 8:20, Romans 9:22, 1 Timothy 6:9, 2 Peter 2:1; in special sense of the loss of eternal life, perdition, the antithesis of σωτηρία : Matthew 7:13, John 17:12, Philippians 1:28; Philippians 3:19, 2 Thessalonians 2:3, Hebrews 10:39, 2 Peter 2:3; 2 Peter 3:7; 2 Peter 3:16, Revelation 17:8; Revelation 17:11 (DB, iii, 744).†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The weaker sense of . is illustrated by P Tebt II. 276.34 (an astrological fragment—ii/iii A.D.), where one who has acquired certain possessions ἐξωδιασμὸν αὐτῶν [ποιήσ ]ε ̣ται καὶ ἀπώλειαν, ";will spend and lose them"; (Edd.). Similarly in a series of nursing-contracts of the time of Augustus in BGU IV. we find the phrase ἐκτίνειν τὴν ἑκάστον ἀξίαν πλὴν συμφανοῦς ἀπωλείας, e.g. 1058.35 (= Chrest. II. 170), 1106.33, al. For the stronger meaning which we associate with NT usage, cf. the close of an ancient Coptic spell from the iii/A.D. Paris magical papyrus .1245 ff (= Selections, p. 114) ἔξελθε δαῖμον, ἐπεί σε δεσμεύω δεσμοῖς ἀδαμαντίνοις ἀλύτοις, καὶ παραδίδωμί σε εἰς τὸ μέλαν χάος ἐν ταῖς ἀπωλίαις, ";give you over to black chaos in utter destruction.";

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
απωλεια απωλεία απώλεια ἀπώλεια απωλείαις απωλειαν απώλειαν απώλειάν ἀπώλειαν απωλειας απωλείας ἀπωλείας απώρυγας απωσμών apoleia apōleia apṓleia apoleian apōleian apṓleian apoleias apoleías apōleias apōleías

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