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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #702 - Ἀρέτας

Transliteration
Arétas
Phonetics
ar-et'-as  
Word Origin
of foreign origin
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
TDNT
None
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
Aretes = "graver"
  1. An Arabian king
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (1) NAS (1) HCS (1)
2 Corinthians 1
2 Corinthians 1
2 Corinthians 1
BYZ TIS TR
N-GSM 1
N-GSM 1
N-GSM 1
NA WH
N-GSM 1
N-GSM 1


Thayer's Expanded Definition
 Ἀρέτας ( WH ἀρετάς, see their Introductory § 408), Ἁρέτα (cf. Winer s Grammar, § 8,1; (Buttmann, 20 (18))), , Aretas (a name common to many of the kings of Arabia Petraea or Nabathaean Arabia (cf. B. D. under the word ); cf. Schürer, Neutest. Zeitgesch. § 17b., p. 233 f); an Arabian king who made war ( A.D. 36) on his Song of Solomon -in-law Herod Antipas for having repudiated his daughter; and with such success as completely to destroy his army ( Josephus, Antiquities 18,5). In consequence of this, Vitellius, governor of Syria, being ordered by Tiberius to march an army against Aretas, prepared for the war. But Tiberius meantime having died (March 16, A.D. 37), he recalled his troops from the march, dismissed them to their winter quarters, and departed to Rome. After his departure Aretas held sway over the region of Damascus (how acquired we do not know), and placed an ethnarch over the city: 2 Corinthians 11:32. Cf. Winer s RWB under the word; Wieseler in Herzog i., p. 488f; Keim in Schenkel i., p. 238f; Schürer in Riehm, p. 83 f; ( B. D. American edition under the word ; Meyer on Acts , Einl. § 4 (cf. ibid., Wendt edition)).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

Ἀρέτας

(WH, Ἀρ .; Intr., 313), -α , ,

Aretas, an Arabian king: 2 Corinthians 11:32 (Deiss., BS, 183 f., thinks the proper spelling Ἀρέθας was changed, as Schürer suggests, "by desire to Hellenise a barbaric name by assimilation to ἀρετή ").†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The form Ἁρέτας (for rough breathing see WH Intr..2 p. 313) instead of Ἁρέθας may, as Deissmann (BS p. 183 f.), following Schürer Geschichte i. p. 738, has suggested, be due to a desire to Hellenize the barbaric name by assimilation to ἀρετή.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
Αρετα Ἁρέτα Areta Hareta Haréta

Lectionary Calendar
Friday, July 21st, 2017
the Week of Proper 10 / Ordinary 15
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