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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #746 - ἀρχή

Transliteration
archḗ
Phonetics
ar-khay'  
Word Origin
from (756)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
TDNT
1:479,81
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. beginning, origin
  2. the person or thing that commences, the first person or thing in a series, the leader
  3. that by which anything begins to be, the origin, the active cause
  4. the extremity of a thing
    1. of the corners of a sail
  5. the first place, principality, rule, magistracy
    1. of angels and demons
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1061 ‑ בִּכּוּרִים (bik‑koor');  2426 ‑ חֵל (khale, khale);  3117 ‑ יוֹם (yome);  3423 ‑ יָרֵשׁ (yaw‑rash', yaw‑raysh');  3474 ‑ יָשַׁר (yaw‑shar');  3653 ‑ כֵּן (kane);  3712 ‑ כִּפָּה (kip‑paw');  3871 ‑ לֻחַ (loo'‑akh, loo'‑akh);  4467 ‑ מַמְלָכָה (mam‑law‑kaw');  4475 ‑ מֶמְשָׁלָה (mem‑shaw‑law');  4941 ‑ מִשְׁפָּט (mish‑pawt');  4945 ‑ מַשְׁקֶה (mash‑keh');  4951 ‑ מִשְׂרָה (mis‑raw');  5769 ‑ עֹלָם (o‑lawm', o‑lawm');  5794 ‑ עַז (az);  6440 ‑ פָּנֶה (paw‑neem');  6788 ‑ צַמֶּרֶת (tsam‑meh'‑reth);  6924 ‑ קֵדְמָה (keh'‑dem, kayd'‑maw);  7093 ‑ קֵץ (kates);  7218 ‑ רֹאשׁ (roshe);  7350 ‑ רָחֹק (raw‑khoke', raw‑khoke');  7985 ‑ שָׁלְטָן (shol‑tawn');  8462 ‑ תְּחִלָּה (tekh‑il‑law');  8641 ‑ תְּרֻמָה (ter‑oo‑maw', ter‑oo‑maw');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (58) NAS (55) HCS (55)
Matthew 4
Mark 4
Luke 3
John 8
Acts 4
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 1
Ephesians 3
Philippians 1
Colossians 4
2 Thessalonians 1
Titus 1
Hebrews 6
2 Peter 1
1 John 7
2 John 2
Jude 1
Revelation 4
Matthew 4
Mark 4
Luke 3
John 8
Acts 4
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 1
Ephesians 3
Philippians 1
Colossians 4
2 Thessalonians 1
Titus 1
Hebrews 6
2 Peter 1
1 John 7
2 John 2
Jude 1
Revelation 3
Matthew 4
Mark 4
Luke 3
John 8
Acts 4
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 1
Ephesians 3
Philippians 1
Colossians 4
Titus 1
Hebrews 6
2 Peter 1
1 John 8
2 John 2
Jude 1
Revelation 3
BYZ TIS TR
N-APF 4
N-ASF 7
N-DPF 4
N-DSF 5
N-GSF 28
N-NPF 3
N-NSF 8
N-APF 4
N-ASF 7
N-DPF 4
N-DSF 5
N-GSF 27
N-NPF 2
N-NSF 5
N-APF 4
N-ASF 7
N-DPF 4
N-DSF 5
N-GSF 28
N-NPF 3
N-NSF 7
NA WH
N-APF 3
N-ASF 7
N-DPF 4
N-DSF 5
N-GSF 25
N-NPF 2
N-NSF 6
PREP 1
V-FMI-2S 1
N-APF 5
N-ASF 7
N-DPF 4
N-DSF 5
N-GSF 29
N-NPF 2
N-NSF 7


Thayer's Expanded Definition
 ἀρχή, ἀρχῆς, (from Homer down), in the Sept. mostly equivalent to רֹאשׁ, רֵאֹשִׁית, תְּחִלָּה;

1. beginning, origin;

a. used absolutely, of the beginning of all things: ἐν ἀρχή, John 1:1 f ( Genesis 1:1); ἀπ' ἀρχῆς, Matthew 19:4 (with which cf. Xenophon, mem. 1,4, 5 ἐξ ἀρχῆς ποιῶν ἀνθρώπους), Matthew 19:8; John 8:44; 1 John 1:1; 1 John 2:13; 1 John 3:8; more fully ἀπ' ἀρχῆς κτίσεως or κόσμου, Matthew 24:21; Mark 10:6; Mark 13:19; 2 Thessalonians 2:13 (where L ( Tr marginal reading WH marginal reading) ἀπαρχήν, which see); 2 Peter 3:4; κατ' ἀρχάς, Hebrews 1:10 ( Psalm 101:26 (Psalm 102:26>)).

b. in a relative sense, of the beginning of the thing spoken of: ἐξ ἀρχῆς, from the time when Jesus gathered disciples, John 6:64; John 16:4; ἀπ' ἀρχῆς, John 15:27 (since I appeared in public); as soon as instruction was imparted, 1 John 2:(1 John 2:7>),1 John 2:24>; 1 John 3:11>; 2 John 1:5f; more fully ἐν ἀρχή τοῦ εὐαγγελίου, Philippians 4:15 ( Clement of Rome, 1 Corinthians 47,2 [ET] (see note in Gebh. and Harn. at the passage and cf.) Polycarp, ad Philippians 11,3 [ET]); from the beginning of the gospel history, Luke 1:2; from the commencement of life, Acts 26:4; ἐν ἀρχή, in the beginning, when the church was founded, Acts 11:15. The accusative ἀρχήν (cf. Winer s Grammar, 124 (118); Lightfoot on Colossians 1:18) and τήν ἀρχήν in the Greek writings (cf. Lennep ad Phalarid., pp. 82ff and, pp. 94ff, Lipsius edition; Brückner in DeWette's Handbook on John , p. 151) is often used adverbially, equivalent to ὅλως altogether (properly, an accusative of 'direction toward': usque ad initium (cf. Winer s Grammar, 230 (216); Buttmann, 153 (134))), commonly followed by a negative, but not always (cf. e. g. Dio Cassius fragment 101 (93Dindorf); 45:34 (Dindorf vol. ii., p. 194); 59:20; 62:4; see, further, Lycurgus, § 125, Mätzner edition); hence, that extremely difficult passage, John 8:25 τήν ... ὑμῖν, must in my opinion be interpreted as follows: I am altogether or wholly (i. e. in all respects, precisely) that which I even speak to you (I not only Amos , but also declare to you what I am; therefore you have no need to question me) (cf. Winer s Grammar, 464 (432); Buttmann, 253 (218)). ἀρχήν λαμβάνειν, to take beginning, to begin, Hebrews 2:3. with the addition of the genitive of the thing spoken of: ὠδίνων, Matthew 24:8; Mark 13:8(Mark 13:9>) ((here R G plural); τῶν σημείων, John 2:11); ἡμερῶν, Hebrews 7:3; τοῦ εὐαγγελίου, that from which the gospel history took its beginning, Mark 1:1; τῆς ὑποστάσεως, the confidence with which we have made a beginning, opposed to μέχρι τέλους, Hebrews 3:14. τά στοιχεῖα τῆς ἀρχῆς, Hebrews 5:12 (τῆς ἀρχῆς is added for greater explicitness, as in Latin rudimenta prima, Livy 1,3; Justin., hist. 7,5; and prima elamenta, Horat. sat. 1,1, 26, etc.); τῆς ἀρχῆς τοῦ Χριστοῦ λόγος equivalent to τοῦ Χριστοῦ λόγος τῆς ἀρχῆς, i. e. the instruction concerning Christ such as it was at the very outset (cf. Winer s Grammar, 188 (177); Buttmann, 155 (136)), Hebrews 6:1.

2. the person or thing that commences, the first person or thing in a series, the leader: Colossians 1:18; Revelation 1:8 Rec.; Revelation 21:6; 22:13>; ( Deuteronomy 21:17; Job 40:14(19), etc.).

3. that by which anything begins to be, the origin, active cause (a sense in which the philosopher Anaximander, 8th century B.C., is said to have been the first to use the word; cf. Simplicius, on Aristotle, phys. f. 9, p. 326, Brandis edition and 32, p. 334, Brandis edition (cf. Teichmüller, Stud. zur Gesch. d. Begriffe, pp. 48ff 560ff)): ἀρχή τῆς κτίσεως, of Christ as the divine λόγος, Revelation 3:14 (cf. Düsterdieck at the passage; Clement of Alexandria, protrept. 1, p. 6, Potter edition (p. 30 edition Sylb.) λόγος ἀρχή θεία τῶν πάντων; in Ev. Nicod. c. 23 (p. 308, Tischendorf edition, p. 736, Thilo edition) the devil is called ἀρχή τοῦ θανάτου καί ῤίζα τῆς ἁμαρτίας).

4. the extremity of a thing: of the corners of a sail, Acts 10:11; Acts 11:5; ( Herodotus 4,60; Diodorus 1,35; others.).

5. the first place, principality, rule, magistracy (cf. English 'authorities') (ἄρχω τίνος): Luke 12:11; Luke 20:20; Titus 3:1; office given in charge ( Genesis 40:13,21; 2 Maccabees 4:10, etc.), Jude 1:6. Hence, the term is transferred by Paul to angels and demons holding dominions entrusted to them in the order of things (see ἄγγελος, 2 (cf. Lightfoot on Colossians 1:16; Meyer on Ephesians 1:21)): Romans 8:38; 1 Corinthians 15:24; Ephesians 1:21; Ephesians 3:10; Ephesians 6:12; Colossians 1:16; Colossians 2:10,15. See ἐξουσία, 4{c}. ββ.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἀρχή , -ῆς , ,

[in LXX for H6924, H7218, H7218, etc.;]

1. beginning, origin;

(a) absol., of the beginning of all things: of God as the Eternal, the First Cause, Revelation 21:6 (cf. 18); similarly, of Christ, Revelation 22:13; of Christ as the uncreated principle, the active cause of creation, Revelation 3:14; in his relation to the Church, Colossians 1:18; ἐν ἀ ., John 1:1-2; ἀπ᾽ ἀ . (and ἀπ᾽ ἀ . κτισεως ), Matthew 19:4; Matthew 19:8; Matthew 24:21, Mark 10:6; Mark 13:19, John 8:44, 2 Thessalonians 2:13, 2 Peter 3:4, 1 John 1:1; 1 John 2:13-14; 1 John 2:24; κατ ἀρχἀς , Hebrews 1:10;

(b) relatively: Hebrews 7:3; . ὠδίνων , Matthew 24:8, Mark 13:9; τ . σημείων , John 2:11; τ . ὑποστάσεως , Hebrews 3:14; τ . λογίων , Hebrews 5:12; ὁ τ . ἀρχῆς τ . Χριστοῦ λόγος , the account of the beginning, the elementary view of Christ, Hebrews 6:1; ἀρχὴν λαμβάνειν , to begin, Hebrews 2:3; ἐξ ἀ ., John 6:64; John 16:4; ἀπ᾽ ἀ ., Luke 1:2, John 15:27, 1 John 2:7; 1 John 2:24; 1 John 3:11, 2 John 1:5-6; ἐν ἀ ., Acts 11:15; Acts 26:4, Philippians 4:15; τὴν ἀρχήν , adverbially, at all (Hdt., al.; v MM, s.v.): John 8:25.

2. an extremity, a corner: Acts 10:11; Acts 11:5.

3. sovereignty, principality, rule (cf. DB, i, 616 f.): Luke 12:11; Luke 20:20, Romans 8:38, 1 Corinthians 15:24, Ephesians 1:21; Ephesians 3:10; Ephesians 6:12, Colossians 1:16; Colossians 2:10; Colossians 2:15 Titus 3:1, Judges 1:6 (Cremer, 113).†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The double meaning, answering to ἄρχειν and ἄρχεσθαι severally, can be freely paralleled. The great difficulty of John 8:25 τὴν ἀρχὴν ὅτι καὶ λαλῶ ὑμῖν; makes it desirable to quote P Oxy III. 472.16 f. (c. A.D. 130) οὐ δύναται γὰρ κεκλέφθαι τὸ μηδ᾽ ἀρχὴν γενόμενον μὴ δυνατὸν δ᾽ εἶναι, ";for it is impossible for that to have been stolen which neither ever existed at all nor could exist"; (Edd.); but the absence of the article, and the fact that we cannot quote other examples of this once familiar usage, makes the quotation of little weight for confirming the RV mg. here (";How is it that I even speak to you at all?";), though it is probably right. For τὴν ἀ. = ";originally"; (without negative) we may quote Syll 256.23 (c. B.C. 200, Magnesia) τῶν ἄλλων ἀ [γ ]ώνων τ ()ν ἀρχὴ (ν) μὲν ἐπ᾽ ἀργ [ύρωι τε ]θέντων —later they had wreaths for prizes. So without article ib. 921.2 (Thera, iii/B.C.) ex suppl. For ἀρχή, as in John 1:1, we may quote the remarkable inscr. of Q. Pompeius A.f. from Eleusis, dated by Dittenberger not later than Augustus, dedicated to Αἰών, ἀρχὴν μεσότητα τέλος οὐκ ἔχων, μεταβολῆς ἀμέτοχος (Syll 757) Some prepositional phrases may be illustrated. Ἀπὸ τῆς ἀρχῆς P Tor I. 1x. 4 (B.C. 116) (= Chrest. II., p. 39), Syll 929.23 (? B.C. 139) τῶν διὰ προγόνων ἀπὸ τ. . γεγενημένων, ib..57 οὖσαν δὲ καὶ ἀπὸ τ. . Ἰτανίων : usually anarthrous, as BGU IV. 1141.44 (c. B.C. 14) διὰ τί ἀπ᾽ ἀρχῆς ι ̣τ ̣υ ̣ι ̣ (?) οὐκ ἐνεφάνισας ταῦτα;—so P Tor II, 2.15 (B.C. 131) τ [ ]ν κατοικίαν [ ]χοντες ἐ [ν τ ]οῖς Μεμνο [ν ]είοις ἔτι [ ]π᾽ ἀρ [χ ]ῆς, and Syll 328.20 (B.C. 84) ἀπ᾽ ἀρχ [ῆς τε τ ]οῖς ἐκχθίστοις πολεμίοις [ἐβοήθ ]ει. Ἐξ ἀρχῆς is more frequent : thus P Gen I. 7.8 (i/A.D.) κατὰ τὸ ἐξ ἀρχῆς ἔθος, BGU IV. 1118.21 (B.C. 22) τοὺς ἐξ ἀ. ̣θ ̣[ισμούς, P Théad 1.8 (A.D. 306) κατὰ τὴν ἐξ ἀ. καὶ μέχρει νῦν συνήθειαν, Syll 246.9 (B.C. 220–16) ὅπως ἂν. . . ἡ πόλις [ ]ποκατασταθεῖ εἰς τὴν ἐξ ἀρχῆς εὐδαιμονίαν, ib. 292.4 (B.C. 179, Olympia, in dialect) εἰς τὰν ἐξ ἀρχᾶς ἐ [οῦσαν ] φιλ [ίαν ἀποκ ]αταστάσαντα, ib. 540.174 (B.C. 175–1) πάλιν ] τε ἐξ ἀρχῆς ἄρας ποιήσει ";do it over again,"; P Oxy VII. 1032.40 (A.D. 162) τὰ ἐξ ἀ. ἐπιζητηθέντα, ";the statement originally required"; (Ed.). Ἐν ἀρχῇ occurs P Petr II. 37 2b verso.4 (p. [120]) ἐπισκεψάμενος ἐν ἀρχῆι ἃ δεῖ γενέσθαι ἔργα (c. B.C. 245). For ἀρχὴν λαβεῖν (Hebrews 2:3) add to Wetstein’s exx. Diog. Laert. Prooem. iii. 4.

Ἀρχή, ";beginning, foundation,"; may be illustrated by Wünsch AF 4.35 ὁρκίζω σε τὸν θεὸν. . . τῶν πελάγων τὴν ἀρχὴν συνβεβλημένον. P Oxy VII. 1021.10, a document notifying the accession of Nero, calls the new Emperor ";good genius of the world,"; and [ἀρ ]χ ̣η ̣̣ πάντων ἀγαθῶν, ";source of all good things"; (Ed.); but unfortunately the reading (which is followed by an erasure) is noted as extremely doubtful. For the meaning ";office, authority,"; cf. Preisigke 176.13 (A.D. 161–80) ἄρξαντος τὰς αὐτὰς ἀρχάς, etc., etc. Deissmann BS, p. 267 n.3, notes a use of τόπος (vid. s.v.) parallel with ἀρχή in this sense, and compares Judges 1:6. P Hal 1.226 (iii/B.C.) μαρτυρείτω ἐ [π ] [τῆ ]ι ἀρχῆι καὶ ἐπὶ τ [ῶι ] δικαστηρίωι shows us ἀρχή in a concrete sense = ";magistrate,"; as in Titus 3:1. In MGr it means ";beginning.";

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αρχαι αρχαί ἀρχαὶ αρχαις αρχαίς ἀρχαῖς αρχας αρχάς ἀρχάς ἀρχὰς ΑΡΧΗ αρχή άρχη ἀρχή ἀρχὴ ἀρχῇ αρχην αρχήν ἀρχὴν ΑΡΧΗΣ αρχής ἀρχῆς archai archaì archais archaîs archas archás archàs ARCHe ARCHĒ archḗ archḕ archêi archē̂i archen archēn archḕn ARCHeS archês ARCHĒS archē̂s

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