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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #1468 - ἐγκρατής

Transliteration:
enkratḗs
Phonetics:
eng-krat-ace'  
Word Origin:
from (1722) and (2904)
Parts of Speech:
Adjective
TDNT:
2:339,196
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. strong, robust
  2. having power over, possessed of (a thing)
  3. mastering, controlling, curbing, restraining
    1. controlling one's self, temperate, continent
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἐγκρατ-ής, ές,

(κράτος)

I in possession of power, S. OT 941.

II

1. holding fast, χεὶρ -εστάτη a hand with the firmest hold, X. Eq. 7.8.

2. stout, strong, ἐ. σθένει A. Pr. 55; τὸν -έστατον σίδηρον S. Ant. 474; ἐ. σῶμα X. HG 7.1.23.

III c. gen. rei,

1. having possession of, χωρέων Hdt. 8.49, cf. 9.106, S. Ph. 75, SIG 58.7 (Milet., v B. C.), etc.; ναὸς ἐγκρατῆ πόδα the sheet that controls the ship, S. Ant. 715; ἐ. αὑτῶν masters of themselves, Pl. Phdr. 256b, al.; ἐ. ἀφροδισίων καὶ γαστρός X. Mem. 1.2.1, cf. 2.1.7, Oec. 12.16.

2. abs., master of oneself, self-controlled, Pl. Def. 415d; self-disciplined, Arist. EN 1145b13, al. Adv. - τῶς, Ion. - τέως Hp. Foet.Exsect. 4, etc.;

1. with a strong hand, by force, ἄρχειν Th. 1.76; ἐ. ἔχειν τὴν ἀρχήν Arist. Pol. 1284a40; - τέως forcibly, Theoc. 25.266.

2. with self-control, temperately, ἐ. ἔχειν Pl. Lg. 710a; φέρειν τι D.Chr. 2.53; - τέως Archestr. Fr. 23.20.

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 ἐγκρατής (see ἐν, III:3), ἐγκρατες (κράτος);

1. properly, equivalent to ἐν κράτει ὤν, strong, robust: Aeschylus, Thucydides, and following.

2. having power over, possessed of (a thing), with a genitive of the object; so from ( Sophocles and) Herodotus down.

3. mastering, controlling, curbing, restraining: ἀφροδισιων, Xenophon, mere. 1,2, 1; ἠδωνης, ibid. 4,5, 10; ἑαυτοῦ, Plato; absolutely (without a genitive), controlling oneself, temperate, continent, (( Aristotle, eth. Nic. 7,4, p. 1146{b}, 10ff); Sirach 26:15; Wisdom of Solomon 8:21; Philo de Jos. § 11): Titus 1:8.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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εγκρατη εγκρατή ἐγκρατῆ enkrate enkratê enkratē enkratē̂
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