ver. 2.0.15.07.29
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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #1656 - ἔλεος

Transliteration:
éleos
Phonetics:
el'-eh-os  
Word Origin:
of uncertain affinity
Parts of Speech:
Noun Neuter
TDNT:
2:477,222
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. mercy: kindness or good will towards the miserable and the afflicted, joined with a desire to help them
    1. of men towards men: to exercise the virtue of mercy, show one's self merciful
    2. of God towards men: in general providence; the mercy and clemency of God in providing and offering to men salvation by Christ
    3. the mercy of Christ, whereby at his return to judgment he will bless true Christians with eternal life
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2580 ‑ חֵן (khane);   2617 ‑ חֶסֶד (kheh'‑sed);   3468 ‑ יֶשַׁע (yeh'‑shah, yay'‑shah);   4596 ‑ מְעִי (meh‑ee');   6666 ‑ צְדָקָה (tsed‑aw‑kaw');   7356 ‑ רַחֲמִים (rakh'‑am);   7522 ‑ רָצֹן (raw‑tsone', raw‑tsone');  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἔλεος, ὁ,

I pity, mercy, compassion, Il. 24.44, etc.: also in pl., Pl. R. 6c6 c, D. 25.83; μ' ἔ. τινος ἐσῆλθε pity for.., E. IA 491; ἔλεον ποιήσασθαι ἐπί τινι D. 24.111; ἐλέου τυχεῖν παρά τινος Antipho 1.27: later ἔλεος, τό, Plb. 1.88.2, LXX Genesis 19:19, etc.:pl., ἐλέη, τά, ib. Psalms 17:7(16).7; ἐ. ποιεῖν μετά τινος ib. Genesis 24:12, al. (but masc. is also found, ib. Psalms 83:12 (84). 12, Plb. 33.11.3, Agatharch. 83, Phld. Rh. 1.65 S., James 2:13, etc.).

II personified. worshipped at Athens, Sch. S. OC 260; at Epidaurus, IG 4.1282; Ἔ. ἐπιεικὴς θεός Timocl. 31.

III object of compassion, piteous thing, E. Or. 832.

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 ἔλεος (1), ἐλέου, , mercy: that of God toward sinners, Titus 3:5; ἔλεον λαμβάνειν, to receive i. e. experience, Hebrews 4:16; that of men: readiness to help those in trouble, Matthew 9:13 and Matthew 12:7 (from Hosea 6:6); Matthew 23:23. But in all these passages L T Tr WH have adopted the neuter form τό ἔλεος (which see), much more common in Hellenistic writings than the masculine ἔλεος, which is the only form in classic Greek ( Sophocles (Lexicon, under the word) notes ἔλεος in Polybius 1,88, 2; and Pape in Diodorus Siculus 3,18 variant). The Greek manuscripts of the O. T. also frequently waver between the two forms. Cf. ( WH s Appendix, p. 158); Winer s Grammar, 66 (64); Buttmann, 22 (20).

ἔλεος (2), ἐλέους, τό (a form more common in Hellenistic Greek than the classic ἔλεος, which see), "mercy; kindness or good will toward the miserable and afflicted, joined with a desire to relieve them";

1. of men toward men: Matthew 9:13; Matthew 12:7; Matthew 23:23 (in these three passages, accusatives to L T Tr WH); James 2:13; James 3:17; ποιεῖν ἔλεος, to exercise the virtue of mercy, show oneself merciful, James 2:13; with the addition of μετά τίνος (in imitation of the very common Hebrew phrase פּ עִם חֶסֶד עָשָׂה, Genesis 21:23; Genesis 24:12; Judges 1:24, etc.; cf. Thiersch, De Pentateuchi vers. Alex., p. 147; ( Winer's Grammar, 33 (32); 376 (353))), to show, afford, mercy to one, Luke 10:37.

2. of God toward men;

a. universally: Luke 1:50; in benedictions: Galatians 6:16; 1 Timothy 1:2; 2 Timothy 1:2; ((probably) Titus 1:4 R L); 2 John 1:3; Jude 1:2. ἐμεγάλυνε κύριος τό ἔλεος αὐτοῦ μετ' αὐτῆς, magnified his mercy toward her, i. e. showed distinguished mercy to her (after the Hebrew, see Genesis 19:19), Luke 1:58.

b. especially the mercy and clemency of God in providing and offering to men salvation by Christ: Luke 1:54; Romans 15:9; Ephesians 2:4; ( Titus 3:5 L T Tr WH; Hebrews 4:16 L T Tr WH); 1 Peter 1:3; σπλάγχνα ἐλέους (the genitive of quality (cf. Winer s Grammar, 611 (568))), wherein mercy dwells, as we should say, the heart of mercy, Luke 1:78; ποιεῖν ἔλεος μετά τίνος (see 1above), Luke 1:72; σκεύη ἐλέους, vessels (fitted for the reception) of mercy, i. e. men whom GOd has made fit to obtain salvation through Christ, Romans 9:23; τῷ ὑμετέρῳ ἐληι, by (in consequence of, moved by) the mercy shown you in your conversion to Christ, Romans 11:31 (cf. Winer s Grammar, § 22,7 (cf. § 61,3a.); Buttmann, 157 (137)).

3. the mercy of Christ, whereby at his return to judgment he will bless true Christians with eternal life: Jude 1:21; ( 2 Timothy 1:16,18 (on the repetition of κύριος in 2 Timothy 1:18 cf. Genesis 19:24; 1 Samuel 3:21; 1 Samuel 15:22; 2 Chronicles 7:2; Genesis 1:27, etc. Winer's Grammar, § 22,2); but Prof. Grimm understands κύριος here as referring to God; see κύριος, c. α.). (Cf. Trench, § xlvii.; and see ἐληω at the end.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Hebrews1
James2
1 Peter1
2 John1
Jude2
Matthew3
Luke6
Romans3
Galatians1
Ephesians1
1 Timothy1
2 Timothy3
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James2
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Matthew3
Luke6
Romans3
Galatians1
Ephesians1
1 Timothy1
2 Timothy3
Titus1
Hebrews1
James3
1 Peter1
2 John1
Jude2
List of Word Forms
ελεει ελεεί ελέει ἐλέει ελεή ελέη έλεον έλεόν Ελεος ελεός έλεος έλεός Ἔλεος ελεους ελέους ἐλέους eleei eléei Eleos Éleos eleous eléous
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