Old & New Testament Greek
of uncertain affinity
Parts of Speech:
Word Definition [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
‑ חֵן (khane)
‑ חֶסֶד (kheh'‑sed)
‑ יֶשַׁע (yeh'‑shah, yay'‑shah)
‑ מְעִי (meh‑ee')
‑ צְדָקָה (tsed‑aw‑kaw')
‑ רַחֲמִים (rakh'‑am)
‑ רָצֹן (raw‑tsone', raw‑tsone')
I pity, mercy, compassion, Il. 24.44, etc.: also in pl., Pl. R. 6c6 c, D. 25.83; μ' ἔ. τινος ἐσῆλθε pity for.., E. IA 491; ἔλεον ποιήσασθαι ἐπί τινι D. 24.111; ἐλέου τυχεῖν παρά τινος Antipho 1.27: — later ἔλεος, τό, Plb. 1.88.2, LXX Genesis 19:19, etc.:pl., ἐλέη, τά, ib. Psalms 17:7(16).7; ἐ. ποιεῖν μετά τινος ib. Genesis 24:12, al. (but masc. is also found, ib. Psalms 83:12 (84). 12, Plb. 33.11.3, Agatharch. 83, Phld. Rh. 1.65 S., James 2:13, etc.).
II personified. worshipped at Athens, Sch. S. OC 260; at Epidaurus, IG 4.1282; Ἔ. ἐπιεικὴς θεός Timocl. 31.
III object of compassion, piteous thing, E. Or. 832.
Thayer's Expanded Definition
, , , mercy
: that of God toward sinners, Titus 3:5
; , to receive i. e. experience, Hebrews 4:16
; that of men: readiness to help those in trouble, Matthew 9:13
and Matthew 12:7
(from Hosea 6:6
); Matthew 23:23
. But in all these passages L T Tr WH
have adopted the neuter form (which see), much more common in Hellenistic writings than the masculine , which is the only form in classic Greek ( Sophocles
(Lexicon, under the word) notes in Polybius
1,88, 2; and Pape
Siculus 3,18 variant). The Greek manuscripts of the O. T. also frequently waver between the two forms. Cf. ( WH
s Appendix, p. 158); Winer
s Grammar, 66 (64); Buttmann
, 22 (20).<1>
ἔλεος (2), , (a form more common in Hellenistic Greek than the classic , which see), "mercy; kindness or good will toward the miserable and afflicted, joined with a desire to relieve them";
1. of men toward men: Matthew 9:13; Matthew 12:7; Matthew 23:23 (in these three passages, accusatives to L T Tr WH); James 2:13; James 3:17; , to exercise the virtue of mercy, show oneself merciful, James 2:13; with the addition of (in imitation of the very common Hebrew phrase פּ עִם חֶסֶד עָשָׂה, Genesis 21:23; Genesis 24:12; Judges 1:24, etc.; cf. Thiersch, De Pentateuchi vers. Alex., p. 147; ( Winer's Grammar, 33 (32); 376 (353))), to show, afford, mercy to one, Luke 10:37.
2. of God toward men;
a. universally: Luke 1:50; in benedictions: Galatians 6:16; 1 Timothy 1:2; 2 Timothy 1:2; ((probably) Titus 1:4 R L); 2 John 1:3; Jude 1:2. , magnified his mercy toward her, i. e. showed distinguished mercy to her (after the Hebrew, see Genesis 19:19), Luke 1:58.
b. especially the mercy and clemency of God in providing and offering to men salvation by Christ: Luke 1:54; Romans 15:9; Ephesians 2:4; ( Titus 3:5 L T Tr WH; Hebrews 4:16 L T Tr WH); 1 Peter 1:3; (the genitive of quality (cf. Winer s Grammar, 611 (568))), wherein mercy dwells, as we should say, the heart of mercy, Luke 1:78; (see 1above), Luke 1:72; , vessels (fitted for the reception) of mercy, i. e. men whom GOd has made fit to obtain salvation through Christ, Romans 9:23; , by (in consequence of, moved by) the mercy shown you in your conversion to Christ, Romans 11:31 (cf. Winer s Grammar, § 22,7 (cf. § 61,3a.); Buttmann, 157 (137)).
3. the mercy of Christ, whereby at his return to judgment he will bless true Christians with eternal life: Jude 1:21; ( 2 Timothy 1:16,18 (on the repetition of in 2 Timothy 1:18 cf. Genesis 19:24; 1 Samuel 3:21; 1 Samuel 15:22; 2 Chronicles 7:2; Genesis 1:27, etc. Winer's Grammar, § 22,2); but Prof. Grimm understands here as referring to God; see , c. .). (Cf. Trench, § xlvii.; and see at the end.)<1> 1>1>
Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Vocabulary of the Greek NT
The masc. form of this word, which in the NT is wholly rejected by WH, and in the LXX is comparatively rare (e.g. Psa. 83꞉12 [MT Psalms 84:2]) : see further Thackeray Gr. i. p. 158) is found in Syll 376.21 καὶ νῦν δὲ οὐ δι᾽ ἔλεον ὑμᾶς, ἀλλὰ δι᾽ εὔνοιαν εὐεργετῶ, Nero’s address to the Greeks at Corinth : the Emperor’s composition master took care that he atticized properly in this great oration. For the word see also P Magd 18.6 (a petition—B.C. 221) ἵνα ὦ, βασιλεῦ, διὰ σοῦ τοῦ δικαίου καὶ ἐλέου τετευχὼς εἰς τὸ [λοι ]πὸν τοῦ βίου. The subst. remains neuter in MGr, cf. Hatzidakis Gr. p. 357, and see further Moulton Gr. ii. § 54.
The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder
Frequency / Word / Parsing Lists [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
List of Word Forms
ελεει ελεεί ελέει ἐλέει ελεή ελέη έλεον έλεόν Ελεος ελεός έλεος έλεός Ἔλεος ελεους ελέους ἐλέους eleei eléei Eleos Éleos eleous eléous
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