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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #166 - αἰώνιος

Transliteration:
aiṓnios
Phonetics:
ahee-o'-nee-os  
Word Origin:
from (165)
Parts of Speech:
Adjective
TDNT:
1:208,31
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. without beginning and end, that which always has been and always will be
  2. without beginning
  3. without end, never to cease, everlasting
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 5769 ‑ עֹלָם (o‑lawm', o‑lawm');  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

αἰώνιος, ον, also α, ον Pl. Ti. 37d, Hebrews 9:12 :

1. lasting for an age (αἰών 11), perpetual, eternal (but dist. fr. ἀΐδιος, Plot. 3.7.3), μέθη Pl. R. 363d; ἀνώλεθρον.. ἀλλ' οὐκ αἰώνιον Id. Lg. 904a, cf. Epicur. Sent. 28; αἰ. κατὰ ψυχὴν ὄχλησις Id. Nat. 131 G.; κακά, δεινά, Phld. Herc. 1251.18, D. 1.13; αἰ. ἀμοιβαῖς βασανισθησόμενοι ib.19; τοῦ αἰ. θεοῦ Romans 16:26, Ti.Locr. 96c; οὐ χρονίη μοῦνον.. ἀλλ' αἰωνίη Aret. CA 1.5; αἰ. διαθήκη, νόμιμον, πρόσταγμα, LXX Genesis 9:16, Ex. 27.21, To. 1.6; ζωή Matthew 25:46, Porph. Abst. 4.20; κόλασις Matt. l.c., Olymp. in Grg. p.278J.; πρὸ χρόνων αἰ. 2 Timothy 1:9 : opp. πρόσκαιρος, 2 Corinthians 4:18.

2. holding an office or title for life, perpetual, γυμνασίαρχος CPHerm. 62.

3. = Lat. saecularis, Phleg. Macr. 4.

4. Adv. -ίως eternally, νοῦς ἀκίνητος αἰ. πάντα ὤν Procl. Inst. 172, cf. Simp. in Epict. p.77D.; perpetually, μισεῖν Sch. E. Alc. 338.

5. αἰώνιον, τό, = ἀείζωον τὸ μέγα, Ps.- Dsc. 4.88.

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 αἰώνιος, , and (in 2 Thessalonians 2:16; Hebrews 9:12; Numbers 25:13; Plato, Tim., p. 38b. (see below); Diodorus 1:1; (cf. WH s Appendix, p. 157; Winer s Grammar, 69 (67); Buttmann, 26 (23))) αἰώνιος, αἰώνια, αἰώνιον (αἰών);

1. without beginning or end, that which always has been and always will be: Θεός, Romans 16:26 ( μόνος αἰώνιος, 2 Maccabees 1:25); πνεῦμα, Hebrews 9:14.

2. without beginning: χρόνοις αἰωνίοις, Romans 16:25; πρό χρόνων αἰωνίων, 2 Timothy 1:9; Titus 1:2; εὐαγγέλιον, a gospel whose subject-matter is eternal, i. e., the saving purpose of God adopted from eternity, Revelation 14:6.

3. without end, never to cease, everlasting: 2 Corinthians 4:18 (opposed to πρόσκαιρος); αἰώνιον αὐτόν, joined to thee forever as a sharer of the same eternal life, Philcmon 1:15; βάρος δόξης, 2 Corinthians 4:17; βασιλεία, 2 Peter 1:11; δόξα, 2 Timothy 2:10; 1 Peter 5:10; ζωή (see ζωή, 2b.); κληρονομία, Hebrews 9:15; λύτρωσις, Hebrews 9:12; παράκλησις, 2 Thessalonians 2:16; σκηναί, abodes to be occupied forever, Luke 16:9 (the habitations of the blessed in heaven are referred to, cf. John 14:2 (also, dabo eis tabernacula aeterna, quae praeparaveram illis, 4Esdras (Fritzsche, 5 Esdr.) [2 Esdras 2:11>]); similarly Hades is called αἰώνιος τόπος, Tobit 3:6, cf. Ecclesiastes 12:5); σωτηρία, Hebrews 5:9; (so Mark 16 ( WH) in the (rejected) 'Shorter Conclusion'). Opposite ideas are: κόλασις, Matthew 25:46; κρίμα, Hebrews 6:2; κρίσις, Mark 3:29 ( Rec. (but L T WH Tr text ἁμαρτήματος; in Acta Thom. § 47, p. 227 Tdf., ἔσται σοι τοῦτο εἰς ἄφεσιν ἁμαρτιῶν καί λύτρον αἰωνίων παραπτωμάτων, it has been plausibly conjectured we should read λύτρον, αἰώνιον (cf. Hebrews 9:12))); ὄλεθρος (Lachmann text ὀλέθριος, 2 Thessalonians 1:9 ( 4 Maccabees 10:15); πῦρ, Matthew 25:41 ( 4 Maccabees 12:12 αἰωνίῳ πυρί καί βασάνοις, αἱ εἰς ὅλον τόν αἰῶνα οὐκ ἀρνήσουσί σε). (Of the examples of αἰώνιος from Philo (with whom it is less common than ἀΐδιος, which see, of which there are some fifty instances) the following are noteworthy: de mut. nora. § 2; de caritate § 17; κόλασις αἰώνιος fragment in Mang. 2:667 at the end (Richter 6:229 middle); cf. de praem, et poen. § 12. Other examples are de alleg, leg. iii., § 70; de poster. Caini § 35; quod deus immut. § 30; quis rer. div. her. § 58; de congressu quaer, erud. § 19; de secular sec 38; de somn. ii. § 43; de Josepho § 24; quod omn. prob. book § 4, § 18; de ebrietate § 32; de Abrah. § 10; ζωή αἰώνιος: de secular § 15; Θεός () αἰώνιος: de plantat. § 2, § 18 (twice), § 20 (twice); de mundo § 2. from Josephus: Antiquities 7,14, 5; 12,7, 3; 15,10, 5; b. j. 1,33, 2; 6,2, I; κλέος αἰών Antiquities 4,6, 5; b. j. 3,8, 5, μνήμη αἱ.: Antiquities 1,13, 4; 6,14, 4; 10,11, 7; 15,11, 1; οἶκον μέν αἰώνιον ἔχεις (of God), Antiquities 8,4, 2; ἐφυλάχθη Ἰωάννης δεσμοῖς αἰωνίοις, b. j. 6,9, 4. SYNONYMS: ἀΐδιος, αἰώνιος: ἀΐδιος covers the complete philosophic idea — without beginning and without end; also either without beginning or without end; as respects the past, it is applied to what has existed time out of mind. αἰώνιος (from Plato on) gives prominence to the immeasurableness of eternity (while such words as συνεχής continuous, unintermitted, διατελής perpetual, lasting to the end, are not so applicable to an abstract term, like αἰών); αἰώνιος accordingly is especially adapted to supersensuous things, see the N. T. Cf. Tim. Locr. 96c. Θεόν δέ τόν μέν αἰώνιον νόος ὄρη μόνος etc.; Plato, Tim. 37d. (and Stallbaum at the passage); 38b. c.; legg. x., p. 904a. ἀνώλεθρον δέ ὄν γενόμενον, ἀλλ' οὐκ αἰώνιον. Cf. also Plato's διαιώνιος (Tim. 38b.; 39e.). Schmidt, chapter 45.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Frequency / Word / Parsing Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (71)NAS (68)HCS (70)
Matthew5
Mark3
Luke4
John17
Acts2
Romans6
2 Corinthians3
Galatians1
2 Thessalonians2
1 Timothy4
2 Timothy2
Titus2
Philemon1
Hebrews6
1 Peter1
2 Peter1
1 John6
Jude2
Revelation1
Matthew5
Mark3
Luke4
John17
Acts2
Romans5
2 Corinthians3
Galatians1
2 Thessalonians2
1 Timothy3
2 Timothy2
Titus2
Philemon1
Hebrews6
1 Peter1
2 Peter1
1 John6
Jude2
Revelation1
Matthew6
Mark3
Luke4
John17
Acts2
Romans6
2 Corinthians3
Galatians1
2 Thessalonians2
1 Timothy3
2 Timothy2
Titus3
Philemon1
Hebrews6
1 Peter1
2 Peter1
1 John6
Jude2
Revelation1
List of Word Forms
αιωνια αιωνία αιώνια αἰώνια αιώνιαι αιωνιαν αιωνίαν αιώνιαν αἰωνίαν αιωνίας αιώνιοι αιωνιοις αιωνίοις αἰωνίοις αιωνιον αιώνιον αἰώνιον αιωνιος αιώνιος αιώνιός αἰώνιος αἰώνιός αιωνιου αιωνίου αἰωνίου αιωνιους αιωνίους αἰωνίους αιωνίω αιωνιων αιωνίων αἰωνίων αιώνος αιωνόυ aionia aiōnia aiṓnia aionian aionían aiōnian aiōnían aioniois aioníois aiōniois aiōníois aionion aioníon aiōnion aiōniōn aiōníōn aiṓnion aionios aiōnios aiṓnios aiṓniós aioniou aioníou aiōniou aiōníou aionious aioníous aiōnious aiōníous
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