ver. 2.0.14.12.17
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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #18 - ἀγαθός

Transliteration:
agath
Phonetics:
ag-ath-os'  
Word Origin:
a primary word
Parts of Speech:
Adjective
TDNT:
1:10,3
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. of good constitution or nature
  2. useful, salutary
  3. good, pleasant, agreeable, joyful, happy
  4. excellent, distinguished
  5. upright, honourable
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 995 ‑ בִּין (bene);   1116 ‑ בּוּם (baw‑maw');   1880 ‑ דֶּשֶׁן (deh'‑shen);   2869 ‑ טָב (tawb);   2896 ‑ טוֹב (tobe);   3303 ‑ יָפֶה (yaw‑feh');   3477 ‑ יָשָׁר (yaw‑shawr');   3559 ‑ כּוּן (koon);   5228 ‑ נָכֹחַ (naw‑ko'‑akh);   6143 ‑ עִקְּשׁוּת (ik‑kesh‑ooth');   7060 ‑ קָמַל (kaw‑mal');   8003 ‑ שָׁלֵם (shaw‑lame');   8389 ‑ תֹּאַר (to'‑ar);   8615 ‑ תִּקְוָה (tik‑vaw');  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἀγᾰθός

[ᾰγ], ή, όν, Lacon. ἀγασός Ar. Lys. 1301, Cypr. ἀζαθός GDI 57:

good:

I of persons,

1. well-born, gentle, opp. κακός, δειλός, οἷά τε τοῖς ἀγαθοῖσι παραδρώωσι χέρηες Od. 15.324, cf. Il. 1.275; ἀφνειός τ' ἀ. τε Il. 13.664, cf. Od. 18.276; πατρὸς δ' εἴμ' ἀγαθοῖο, θεὰ δέ με γείνατο μήτηρ Il. 21.109, cf. Od. 4.611; κακὸς ἐξ ἀ. Thgn. 190, cf. 57 sq.; πραῢς ἀστοῖς, οὐ φθονέων ἀγαθοῖς Pi. P. 3.71, cf. 2.96, 4.285; τίς ἂν εὔπατρις ὧδε βλάστοι; οὐδεὶς τῶν ἀ. κτλ. S. El. 1082; οἵ τ' ἀ. πρὸς τῶν ἀγενῶν κατανικῶνται Id. Fr. 84; τοὺς εὐγενεῖς γὰρ κἀγαθοὺς.. φιλεῖ Ἄρης ἐναίρειν ib. 649, cf. E. Alc. 600, al.: ἀγαθοὶ καὶ ἐξ ἀγαθῶν Pl. Phdr. 274a: in political sense, aristocrats, esp. in the phrase καλοὶ κἀγαθοί (v. sub καλοκἀγαθός).

2. brave, valiant, since courage was attributed to Chiefs and Nobles, Il. 1.131, al.; τῷ κ' ἀγαθὸς μὲν ἔπεφν', ἀγαθὸν δέ κεν ἐξενάριξεν 21.280; cf. Hdt. 5.109, etc.

3. good, capable, in reference to ability, ἀ. βασιλεύς Il. 3.179; ἰητήρ 2.732; θεράπων 16.165, 17.388; πύκτης Xenoph. 2.15; ἰητρός Hp. Prog. 1; προβατογνώμων A. Ag. 795; ἄρχοντες Democr. 266: freq. with qualifying words, ἀ. ἐν ὑσμίνῃ Il. 13.314; βοὴν ἀ. 2.408, 563, al.; πύξ Od. 11.300; βίην Il. 6.478; γνώμην S. OT 687; πᾶσαν ἀρετήν Pl. Lg. 899b, cf. Alc. 1.124e; τέχνην Id. Prt. 323b; τὰ πολέμια, τὰ πολιτικά, Hdt. 9.122, Pl. Grg. 516b, etc.: more rarely c. dat., ἀ. πολέμῳ X. Oec. 4.15: with Preps., ἄνδρες ἀ. περὶ τὸ πλῆθος Lys. 13.2; εἴς τι Pl. Alc. 1.125a; πρός τι Id. R. 407e: c. inf., ἀ. μάχεσθαι Hdt. 1.136; ἱππεύεσθαι 1.79; ἀ. ἱστάναι good at weighing, Pl. Prt. 356b.

4. good, in moral sense, first in Thgn. 438, cf. Heraclit. 104, S. El. 1082, X. Mem. 1.7.1, Pl. Ap. 41d, etc.; ψυχῆς ἀγαθῆς πατρὶς ὁ ξύμπας κόσμος Democr. 247: freq. with other Adjs., ὁ πιστὸς κἀ. S. Tr. 541; δικαίων κἀ. ib. 1050: ironical, τὸν ἀ. Κρέοντα Id. Ant. 31.

5. ὦ ἀγαθέ, my good friend, as a term of gentle remonstrance, Pl. Prt. 311a, etc.

6. ἀ. δαίμων, v. sub δαίμων; ἀ. τύχη, v. sub τύχη; ἀ. θεός = Lat. bona dea, Plu. Caes. 9, Cic. 19.

II of things,

1 good, serviceable, Ἰθάκη.. ἀ. κουροτρόφος Od. 9.27, etc.; ἀ. τοῖς τοκεῦσι, τῇ πόλει X. Cyn. 13.17: c. gen., εἴ τι οἶδα πυρετοῦ ἀ. good for it, Id. Mem. 3.8.3; ἑλκῶν Thphr. HP 9.11.1.

2. of outward circumstances, αἰδὼς οὐκ ἀ. κεχρημένῳ ἀνδρὶ παρεῖναι Od. 17.347; εἰπεῖν εἰς ἀγαθόν to good purpose, Il. 9.102; ὁ δὲ πείσεται εἰς ἀ. περ for his own good end, 11.789; οὐκ ἀγαθὸν πολυκοιρανίη 2.204: — ἀγαθόν [ἐστι ], c. inf., it is good to do so and so[*] Il. 7.282, 24.130, Od. 3.196, etc.

3. morally good, πρῆξις Democr. 177; ἔργα Emp. 112.2, cf. Romans 2:7, etc.

4. ἀγαθόν, τό, good, blessing, benefit, of persons or things, ὦ μέγα ἀ. σὺ τοῖς φίλοις X. Cyr. 5.3.20; φίλον, ὃ μέγιστον ἀ. εἶναί φασι Id. Mem. 2.4.2, cf. Ar. Ra. 74, etc; as term of endearment for a baby, blessing!, treasure!, Men. Sam. 28: — ἀγαθόν τινα δεδρακέναι, πεποιηκέναι confer a benefit on.., Th. 3.68, Lys. 13.92; ἐπ' ἀγαθῷ τινος for one's good, Th. 5.27, X. Cyr. 7.4.3; ἐπ' ἀ. τοῖς πολίταις Ar. Ra. 1487; οὐκ ἐπ' ἀ. for no good end, Th. 1.131; ἐπ' οὐδενὶ ἀ. τῆς Ἑλλάδος X. HG 5.2.35: in pl., ἡ ἐπ' ἀγαθοῖς γεναμένη (sic) κατασπορά PFlor. 21.10 (iii A.D.): — τὸ ἀ. or τἀ., the good, Epich. 171.5, cf. Pl. R. 506b, 508e, Arist. Metaph. 1091a31, etc.: in pl., ἀγαθά, τά, goods of fortune, treasures, wealth, Hdt. 2.172, Lys. 13.91, X. Mem. 1.2.63, etc.; ἀγαθὰ πράττειν fare well, Ar. Av. 1706; also, good things, dainties, Thgn. 1000, Ar. Ach. 873, etc.: good qualities, τοῖς ἀ., οἷς ἔχομεν ἐν τῇ ψυχῇ Isoc. 8.32, cf. Democr. 37; good points, of a horse, εἰ τἄλλα πάντα ἀ. ἔχοι, κακόπους δ' εἴη X. Eq. 1.2.

III Comp. and Sup. are usu. supplied from other stems, viz. Comp. ἀμείνων, ἀρείων[] βελτίων, κρείσσων (κάρρων), λωΐων (λὥων), βέλτερος, λωΐτερος, φέρτερος: — Sup. ἄριστος, βέλτιστος, κράτιστος, λώϊστος (λῷστος), βέλτατος, κάρτιστος, φέρτατος, φέριστος: — later, reg. Comp. ἀγαθώτερος LXX Jd. 11.25, LXX Jd. 15.2, D.S. 8 Fr. 12, Plot. 5.5.9, Diod.Rh. p.53.9H.: Sup. ἀγαθώτατος D.S. 16.85, Hld. 5.15, etc. (-ότατος POxy. 1757.26 (ii A.D.)). Adv. usually εὖ, q.v.: ἀγαθῶς Hp. Off. 9, Arist. Rh. 1388b6, LXX 1 Kings 20:7. (Etym. dub. (ὅτι ἄγει ἡμᾶς ἐπὶ τὸν ὀρθὸν βίον Stoic. 3.49); perh. cognate with ἄγαμαι, hence admirable.)

Frequency / Word / Parsing Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (102)NAS (102)HCS (99)
Matthew12
Mark2
Luke13
John3
Acts3
Romans19
2 Corinthians2
Galatians2
Ephesians4
Philippians1
Colossians1
1 Thessalonians2
2 Thessalonians2
1 Timothy4
2 Timothy2
Titus4
Philemon2
Hebrews3
James2
1 Peter6
3 John1
Matthew12
Mark3
Luke13
John3
Acts3
Romans19
2 Corinthians2
Galatians2
Ephesians4
Philippians1
Colossians1
1 Thessalonians2
2 Thessalonians2
1 Timothy4
2 Timothy2
Titus4
Philemon2
Hebrews3
James2
1 Peter6
3 John1
Matthew16
Mark4
Luke16
John3
Acts3
Romans21
2 Corinthians2
Galatians2
Ephesians3
Philippians1
Colossians1
1 Thessalonians2
2 Thessalonians2
1 Timothy4
2 Timothy2
Titus3
Philemon2
Hebrews3
James2
1 Peter6
3 John1
List of Word Forms
αγαθα αγαθά ἀγαθά ἀγαθὰ αγαθαί αγαθας αγαθάς ἀγαθάς αγαθε αγαθέ ἀγαθέ ἀγαθὲ αγαθη αγαθή ἀγαθή ἀγαθὴ ἀγαθῇ αγαθην αγαθήν ἀγαθήν ἀγαθὴν αγαθης αγαθής ἀγαθῆς αγαθοί αγαθοις αγαθοίς ἀγαθοῖς αγαθον αγαθόν ἀγαθόν ἀγαθὸν αγαθος αγαθός αγάθος ἀγαθός ἀγαθὸς αγαθου αγαθού ἀγαθοῦ αγαθους αγαθούς ἀγαθούς ἀγαθοὺς αγαθύναι αγαθυνάτω αγαθυνεί αγαθύνης αγαθυνθέντων αγαθυνθή αγαθυνθήσεται αγαθυνθήτω αγάθυνον αγαθω αγαθώ ἀγαθῷ αγαθων αγαθών ἀγαθῶν αγαθώς αγαθώσαι ηγάθυνας ηγαθύνθη agatha agathá agathà agathas agathás agathe agathé agathè agathē agathḗ agathḕ agathêi agathē̂i agathen agathēn agathḗn agathḕn agathes agathês agathēs agathē̂s agatho agathō agathôi agathō̂i agathois agathoîs agathon agathón agathòn agathôn agathōn agathō̂n agathos agathós agathòs agathou agathoû agathous agathoús agathoùs
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