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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #1988 - ἐπιστάτης

Word Origin:
from (1909) and a presumed derivative of (2476)
Parts of Speech:
Noun Masculine
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. any sort of superintendent or overseer
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 5057 ‑ נַגִד (naw‑gheed', naw‑gheed');   5065 ‑ נָגַשׂ (naw‑gas');   5329 ‑ נָצַח (naw‑tsakh');   6496 ‑ פָּקִיד (paw‑keed');   7287 ‑ רָדָה (raw‑daw');   8269 ‑ שַׂר (sar);  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἐπιστᾰτ-ης, ου, ὁ, (ἐφίσταμαι)


1. one who stands near or by: hence, like ἱκέτης, suppliant, οὐ σύ γ' ἂν.. σῷ ἐπιστάτῃ οὐδ' ἅλα δοίης Od. 17.455.

2.. in battle-order, one's rear-rank man, X. Cyr. 3.3.50, 8.1.10, al.. also, even numbers in a λόχος, Ascl. Tact. 2.3, Arr. Tact. 6.6.


1. one who stands or is mounted upon, ἁρμάτων ἐ., of a charioteer, S. El. 702, E. Ph. 1147; ἐλεφάντων ἐ., of the driver, Plb. 1.40.11.

2.. one who is set over, chief, commander, A. Th. 816 (815); ὅπλων Id. Pers. 379; ποιμνίων ἐ. S. Aj. 27; ἐρετμῶν ἐ. E. Hel. 1267; θύματος ἐ. Id. Hec. 223; but ταύρων πυρπνόων ζεύγλῃσι mastering them with.., Id. Med. 478; ἐνόπτρων καὶ μύρων, of the Trojans, Id. Or. 1112; ἐ. Κολωνοῦ, of a tutelary god, S. OC 889; [ καιρὸς] ἀνδράσιν μέγιστος ἔργου παντός ἐστ' ἐ. Id. El. 76; also in Prose, ἐ. γενέσθαι τῶν λόγων ἴσους καὶ κοινούς judges, And. 4.7; ποίας ἐργασίας ἐ.; Answ. ἐ. τοῦ ποιῆσαι δεινὸν λέγειν (where it = ἐπιστήμων) Pl. Prt. 312d; πραγμάτων Isoc. 4.121; ἐπιστάται ἄθλων stewards of games, Pl. Lg. 949a, cf. X. Lac. 8.4; of a pilot, Id. Oec. 21.3; supervisor of training, Pl. R. 412a, X. Mem. 3.5.18 (pl.); ἐ. τῶν παίδων IG 12(1).43 (Rhodes); τῶν ἐφήβων Inscr.Prien. 112.73 (i B.C.): voc. ἐπιστάτα, = Rabbi, Luke 5:5, al.


1. president of a board or assembly: at Athens, ἐ. τῶν πρυτάνεων chairman of βουλή and ἐκκλησία in cent. v, Arist. Ath. 44.1, later, keeper of Treasury or Archives, IG 3.841, etc.; ἐ. τῶν προέδρων chairman of βουλή and ἐκκλησία from cent.iv, Aeschin. 3.39, D. 22.9, etc.; ἐ. ὁ ἐκ τῶν προέδρων IG 22.204.31 (iv B.C.); in other Greek states, ib.12(1).731 (Rhodes), 12(7).515.116, 125 (Amorgos), etc.; ἐ. τῶν νομοθετῶν ib.22.222; τῶν δικα[στῶν ] LW 1539 (Erythrae).

2.. overseer, superintendent, in charge of any public building or works, τοῦ νεὼ τοῦ ἐν πόλει, i.e. of the temple of Athena Polias, IG 12.372; ἱεροῦ UPZ 42.22 (ii B.C.); ἐ. τῶν ἔργων clerk of the works, D. 18.114, LXX Exodus 1:11 (pl.); τῶν δημοσίων ἔργων Aeschin. 3.14; τοῦ ναυτικοῦ ib.222; τῆς Ἀκαδημείας Hyp. Dem.Fr. 7; τοῦ Μουσείου OGI 104.4 (ii B.C.); τῶν κοπρώνων D. 25.49.

3.. governor, administrator, τῆς πόλεως OGI 254.3 (Babylon, ii B.C.), cf. IG 12(3).320.7 (Thera, iii B.C.), OGI 479.7 (Dorylaeum, ii A.D.); κώμης local magistrate, Arch.Pap. 4.38.

4.. = προστάτης, Lat. patronus, IG 14.1317.. in Ar. Av. 437, = χυτρόπους, Ar.Byz. ap. Eust. 1827.45; other explanations, ibid., cf.Sch.Ar.l.c.: τοὐπιστάτου is fr. ἐπίστατος, = πυρίστατος, Anon. ap. Eust. 1827.56: dub. sens. in BpW 1892.514; cf. ἐπίστατον.

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Verse Results
KJV (7)NAS (7)HCS (7)
List of Word Forms
Επιστατα επιστάτα Ἐπιστάτα επιστάται επιστάτας επιστάτην επιστάτης επιστατών Epistata Epistáta
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