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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #2053 - ἔριον

Word Origin:
of obscure affinity
Parts of Speech:
Noun Neuter
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. wool
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 559 ‑ אָמַר (aw‑mar');   6785 ‑ צֶמֶר (tseh'‑mer);  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἔριον, τό,

Ion. εἴριον GDI iv p.876 (Chios, iv B. C., also written ἔρια ibid.), Hdt., Hp., and always in Hom. (indicating ἐρϝ-) exc. gen. ἐρίοιο in Od. 4.124:

wool, Il. 12.434, Od.l.c., Pl. Smp. 175d; ἐρίῳ στέψαντες, i.e. with woollen fillets, Id. R. 398a, etc.: freq. in pl., Il. 3.388, Od. 18.316; εἴρια ῥυπαρά, ἔρια οἰσυπηρά, greasy wool, Hp. Fract. 21, Dsc. 2.74; ἔρια καθαρά PCair.Zen. 12.62 (iii B. C.); τἄρια, crasis for τὰ ἔ., Ar. Ra. 1387; οὖλα ἔρια ib. 1067; ἔ. πεπταμένα outspread flocks of wool, Id. Nu. 343; ἐρίων τάλαντον Id. V. 1147; τὰ Μιλήσια ἔ. Eub. 90.3, cf. Amphis 27.1; εἴρια ἀπὸ ξύλου cotton, Hdt. 3. 47, cf. 106; τὸ ἔ. [τῆς ἀράχνης] a spider's web, Philostr. Im. 2.28; τὰ ἐκ τῆς θαλάττης ἔ., of the byssus of the pinna, Alciphr. 1.2. (ἔρια Schwyzer 180 (Crete) without initial ϝ-; Lat. vervex perh. not cogn.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 ἔριον, ἐρίου, τό (diminutive of τό ἔρος or εἶρος), wool: Hebrews 9:19; Revelation 1:14. (From Homer down.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

PSI IV. 368.48 (B.C. 250–49) τὰ ἔρια. . ἄστατα, ";wool not weighed,"; P Par 59.6 (B.C. 160) (= Witkowski.2, p. 76) ἐρείου (ἥμυσυ) (δραχμῶν) σ ̄, P Ryl II. 138.22 (A.D. 34) ἐρίων σταθμία ι ̄ε ̄, ";fifteen measures of wool,"; similarly ib. 146.15 (A.D. 39), P Oxy VI. 929.11 (ii/iii A.D.) λέντιον τριβακόν, καὶ ἔρι ̣α ̣, ";a worn towel, and some wool"; (Edd.). In P Land 402 verso.15 (an inventory—ii/B.C.) (= II. p. 11) ἐριᾶ (for ἐρεᾶ) ἐντυλή is apparently = ";a woollen wrapper or rug."; For the diminutive ἐρίδιον see P Meyer 20.36 ( 1st half iii/A.D.) χαλκὸν αὐτῷ οὐκ ἔδωκα τοῦ πόκου τῶν ἐρειδίω (ν), BGU III. 948.19 (iv/v A.D.) θέλησον [ο ]ὖν υἱέ μου Θεόδουλε ἀγοράσιν μοι ς ̄ λι (τρὰς) ἐριδίου μέλα [νο ]ς, and for a possible occurrence of ἐριουργός = ";wool-worker,"; see P Ryl II. 94.14 (A.D. 14–37)


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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KJV (2)NAS (2)HCS (2)
List of Word Forms
έρια εριον έριον ἔριον εριου ερίου ἐρίου ερίων erion érion eriou eríou
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