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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #2304 - θεῖος

Word Origin:
from (2316)
Parts of Speech:
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. a general name of deities or divinities as used by the Greeks
  2. spoken of the only and true God, trinity
    1. of Christ
    2. Holy Spirit
    3. the Father
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 410 ‑ אֵל (ale);   430 ‑ אֱלֹהִים (el‑o‑heem');   433 ‑ אֱלֹהַּ (el‑o'‑ah, el‑o'‑ah);  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


(A), α, ον: late θέειος Procl. H. 2.16; θεήϊος Bion Fr. 15.9; late Aeol. θήϊος Epigr.Gr. 989.4 (Balbilla); Lacon. σεῖος (v. infr. 1.3): Comp. and Sup. θειότερος, -ότατος, freq. in Pl., Phdr. 279a, Mx. 244d, al.: (θεός):

1 of or from the gods, divine, γένος Il. 6.180; ὀμφή 2.41; Ὄνειρος ib. 22; ἐπιπνοίαις A. Supp. 577, cf. Pl. R. 499c; μάστιξ A. Pr. 682; μανία S. Aj. 611 (lyr.); νόσος ib. 185 (lyr.) (but θ. νόσος, of a dust-storm, Id. Ant. 421); κίνδυνοι And. 1.139; θ. τινὶ μοίρᾳ by divine intervention, X. HG 7.5.10; θ. τύχῃ γεγονώς Hdt. 1.126; θ. τύχῃ χρεώμενος Id. 3.139; θ. κἀπόνῳ τύχῃ, of an easy death, S. OC 1585; ἐκ θ. τύχης Id. Ph. 1326; ἔμαθε ὡς θ. εἴη τὸ πρῆγμα Hdt. 6.69; ὁ θ. νόμος Th. 3.82; φύσις θ. SIG 1125.8 (Eleusis), cf. 2 Peter 1:4; appointed of God, βασιλῆες Od. 4.691; σκῆπτρον given by God, S. Ph. 139 (lyr.); v. infr. 2.

2. belonging or sacred to a god, holy, ἀγών, χορός, Il. 7.298, Od. 8.264; under divine protection, πύργος, δόμος, Il. 21.526, Od. 4.43; of heralds and bards, Il. 4.192, Od. 4.17, al.; so perh., of kings, ib. 691.

3. morethan human, of heroes, Ὀδυσσεύς Il. 2.335, al., Cratin. 144.4 (lyr.); θ. ἀνήρ Pi. P. 6.38, A. Ag. 1548 (lyr.), Pl. R. 331e, Men. 99d (esp. at Sparta (Lacon. σεῖος), Arist. EN 1145a29; ὦ θεῖε (in the mouth of a Spartan) Pl. Lg. 626c); μετὰ σοῦ τῆς θείας κεφαλῆς Id. Phdr. 234d, cf. Them. Or. 9.128a, Lib. Or. 19.66. of things, excellent, θεῖον ποτόν Od. 2.341, 9.205; ἁλὸς θείοιο Il. 9.214; θ. πρήγματα marvellous things, Hdt. 2.66; ἐν τοῖσι θειότατον Id. 7.137.

4. = Lat. divinus (or sacer), Imperial, διατάξεις prob. in BGU 473.5 (200 A.D.), etc.; θησαυροί PLips. 62ii14 (iv A.D.); θ. ὅρκος oath by the Emperor, POxy. 83.6 (iv A.D.), etc.; θειότατος, of living Emperors, Inscr.Prien. 105.22 (9 B.C.), etc. = Lat. divus, of deified Emperors, θ. Σεβαστός Edict.Claud. ap. J. AJ 19.5.3, cf. Inscr.Perg. 283 (iii A.D.), Lyd. Mag. 2.3.


1. as Subst., θεῖον, τό, the Divinity, Hdt. 1.32, 3.108, al., A. Ch. 958 (lyr.); τοῦ θ. χάριν Th. 5.70; ἡμαρτηκότα εἰς τὸ θ. Pl. Phdr. 242c.

2. in an abstract sense, divinity, κεκοινώνηκε.. τοῦ θ. ib. 246d; ἢ μόνον μετέχει τοῦ θ..., ἢ μάλιστα [ἄνθρωπος ] Arist. PA 656a8, etc.; κατὰ θεῖον or κατά τι θ., Aen.Gaz. Thphr. p.37 B., p.4 B.

3. θεῖα, τά, the acts of the gods, course of providence, S. Ph. 452, etc.; τὰ θ. θνητοὺς ὄντας εὐπετῶς φέρειν S. Fr. 585; τὰ θ. μὴ φαύλως φέρειν Ar. Av. 961. matters of religion, ἔρρει τὰ θ. religion is no more, S. OT 910 (lyr.), cf. OC 1537, X. Cyr. 8.8.2, etc. inquiries concerning the divine, Pl. Sph. 232c; τὰ φανερὰ τῶν θείων, i.e. the heavenly bodies, Arist. Metaph. 1026a18, cf. GA 731b24, Ph. 196a33 (Sup.), EN 1141b1.


1. Adv. θείως by divine providence, θ. πως X. Cyr. 4.2.1, etc.; θειοτέρως by special providence, Hdt. 1.122; μᾶλλόν τι καὶ -ότερον ib. 174.

2. divinely, excellently, εὖ γε καὶ θ. Pl. Tht. 154d; θείως εἰρῆσθαι Arist. Metaph. 1074b9.

θεῖος (B), , one's father's or mother's brother, uncle, E. IT 930, Ar. Nu. 124, And. 1.18, 117, Pl. Chrm. 154b, Men. 5 D., etc.; ὁ πρὸς μητρὸς θ. Isaiah 5:10; πρὸς πατρός Ph. 2.172. (Cf. τήθη.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 θεῖος, θεία, θεῖον (Θεός) (from Homer down), divine: θεία δύναμις, 2 Peter 1:3; φύσις ( Diodorus 5,31), 2 Peter 1:4; neuter τό θεῖον, divinity, deity (Latin numen divinum), not only used by the Greeks to denote the divine nature, power, providence, in the general, without reference to any individual deity (as Herodotus 3,108; Thucydides 5,70; Xenophon, Cyril 4,2, 15; Hell. 7,5, 13; mem. 1,4,18; Plato, Phaedr., p. 242c.; Polybius 32,25, 7; Diodorus 1,6; 13,3; 12; 16,60; Lucian, de sacrif. 1; pro imagg. 13,17. 28), but also by Philo (as in mundi opff. § 61; de agric. 17; leg. ad Galatians 1), and by Josephus (Antiquities, 1,3, 4; 11,1; 2,12, 4; 5,2, 7; 11,5, 1; 12,6, 3; 7,3; 13,8, 2; 10,7; 14,9, 5; 17,2, 4; 20,11, 2; b. j. 3,8, 3; 4,3, 10), of the one, true God; hence, most appositely employed by Paul, out of regard for Gentile usage, in Acts 17:29.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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