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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #2531 - καθώς

Word Origin:
from (2596) and (5613)
Parts of Speech:
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. according as
    1. just as, even as
    2. in proportion as, in the degree that
  2. since, seeing that, agreeably to the fact that
  3. when, after that
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions



1. Adv. = καθά, Hdt. 9.82 codd., Arist. Pr. 891b34, IG 5(2).344.20 (Arc., iii B.C.), Wilcken Chr. 11 A 53 (ii B. C.), IG 22.1030.22 (i B. C.), al.; even as, John 15:12.

2. how, ὑπομιμνῄσκειν κ... Aristeas 263, cf. Acts 15:12.

II of Time, as, when, ib. 7.17, LXX 2 Maccabees 1:31, Aristeas 310. (Condemned by Phryn. 397, Moer. 212.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 καθώς (i. e. καθ' ὡς), a particle found occasionally in secular authors from Aristotle down for the Attic καθά and καθό, but emphatically censured by Phryn. and the Atticists; cf. Sturz, De dial. Maced. etc., p. 74ff; Lob. ad Phryn., p. 425f; ( Winer's Grammar, 26 (25));

1. according as, just as, even as: in the first member of a comparison, Luke 6:31; 1 John 2:27; followed by οὕτως in the second member (cf. Winer's Grammar, § 53,5), Luke 11:30; Luke 17:26; John 3:14; 2 Corinthians 1:5; 2 Corinthians 10:7; Colossians 3:13; 1 John 2:6; followed by καί also, John 15:9; John 17:18; John 20:21; 1 John 2:18; 1 John 4:17; 1 Corinthians 15:49; it is annexed to preceding words after the demonstrative οὕτως, Luke 24:24; with οὕτως unexpressed, Matthew 21:6; Matthew 28:6; Mark 16:7; Luke 1:2,55, 70; Luke 11:1; John 1:23; John 5:23; Acts 10:47 (here L T Tr WH ὡς); Acts 15:8>; Romans 1:13; Romans 15:7; 1 Corinthians 8:2; 1 Corinthians 10:6; 2 Corinthians 1:14; 2 Corinthians 9:3; 2 Corinthians 11:12; Ephesians 4:17, and often; καθώς διδάσκω, agreeably to my method of teaching, 1 Corinthians 4:17; καθώς γέγραπται, Matthew 26:24; Mark 9:13; Acts 7:42; Acts 15:15; Romans 1:17, and often in Paul; the apodosis lacking, and to be gathered from the context: καθώς παρεκάλεσα σε ... ἐν πίστει, namely, οὕτω καί νῦν παρακαλῶ, 1 Timothy 1:3, cf. Winer s Grammar, 570 (530); (Buttmann, 386 (331)); ἤρξατο αἰτεῖσθαι (namely, οὕτω ποιεῖν αὐτοῖς), καθώς κτλ.. Mark 15:8 ( Buttmann, § 151,23b.; cf. Winer's Grammar, 584 (543 f)); in comparison by contrary we find the negligent use: ἀγαπῶμεν ἀλληλου, οὐ καθώς Κάϊν κτλ., 1 John 3:11f, cf. DeWette at the passage and Winer's Grammar, 623 (579); οὗτος ἐστιν ἄρτος ... οὐ καθώς etc., not such as they ate etc., John 6:58. with the verb εἰμί, equivalent to Latin qualis, such as, 1 John 3:2; in a parenthesis, 1 Thessalonians 2:13 (as it is in truth).

2. according as i. e. in proportion as, in the degree that: Mark 4:33; Acts 7:17 (cf. Meyer at the passage); Acts 11:29>; 1 Corinthians 12:11,18; 1 Peter 4:10.

3. since, seeing that, agreeably to the fact that (cf. Winer's Grammar, § 53,8; 448 (417)): John 17:2; Romans 1:28 (yet here others regard καθώς as corresponsive rather than causal or explanatory); 1 Corinthians 1:6; 1 Corinthians 5:7; Ephesians 1:4; Philippians 1:7.

4. it is put for the simple ὡς, a. after verbs of speaking, in indirect discourse, Acts 15:14; it serves to add an epexegesis, 3 John 1:3 (to σου τῇ ἀλήθεια).

b. of time, when, after that (cf. Latin ut): 2 Maccabees 1:31; ( Nehemiah 5:6); here many bring in Acts 7:17; but see 2above.

καθώσπερ ( Tr καθώς περ), just as, exactly as: Hebrews 5:4 T Tr WH (also 2 Corinthians 3:18 WH marginal reading). ( Himerius, Psellus, Tzetzes)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

P Oxy X. 1299.9 (iv/A.D.) καθὼς ἐνετιλάνμην (l. άμην) σ [ο ]ι ̣ [περ ]ὶ λωβιν μαχερῶν καὶ περὶ πιπεράδιο ̣ν, ";do as I told you about the . . . of knives and the pepper"; (Edd.) is a good parallel to the construction in 1 Timothy 1:3. Other exx. of the particle, which is condemned by the Atticists (Lob. Phryn. p. 426), are P Eleph 18.6 (B.C. 223–2) καθ ̣ω ̣, [ς συντέτα ]χεν Μνήσαρχο [ς, P Lille I. 26.4 (iii/B.C.) τὴν δὲ λοιπὴν γ [ῆν ἑτο ]ι ̣μάζω, εἰ μὴ ἀκολουθεῖς ἅπαντα καθώς ἐστιν ἐπὶ τῆς διαγραφῆς, P Oxy XII. 1453.16 (B.C. 30–29) εἶ μὴν προστατήσ [ειν ] τοῦ λύχνου τῶν προδεδηλωμέν [ων ] ἱερῶν καθὼς πρόκειται, ";that we wiil superintend the lamps of the above mentioned temples, as aforesaid"; (Edd.), and from the inscrr. Michel 230.5 (ii/B.C. ad fin.) καθὼς καὶ πρότερον. MGr καθώς.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
Frequency / Word / Parsing Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
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1 Corinthians20
2 Corinthians12
1 Thessalonians12
2 Thessalonians2
1 Timothy1
1 Peter1
2 Peter2
1 John9
2 John2
3 John2
1 Corinthians18
2 Corinthians12
1 Thessalonians12
2 Thessalonians1
1 Timothy1
1 Peter1
2 Peter2
1 John9
2 John2
3 John1
List of Word Forms
καθως καθώς καθ'ώς καθὼς καθωσπερ καθώσπερ kathos kathōs kathṓs kathṑs kathosper kathōsper kathṓsper
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