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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #2537 - καινός

Transliteration:
kainós
Phonetics:
kahee-nos'  
Word Origin:
of uncertain affinity
Parts of Speech:
Adjective
TDNT:
3:447,388
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. new
    1. as respects form
      1. recently made, fresh, recent, unused, unworn
    2. as respects substance
      1. of a new kind, unprecedented, novel, uncommon, unheard of
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 312 ‑ אַחֵר (akh‑air');   2319 ‑ חָדָשׁ (khaw‑dawsh');  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

καινός, ή, όν,

I

1. new, fresh, ἔργα οὔτ' ὦν κ. οὔτε παλαιά Hdt. 9.26; κ. ὁμιλία A. Eu. 406; κ. λόγους φέρειν to bring news, Id. Ch. 659; τίδ' ἐστὶ κ.; S. OC 722, cf. Ph. 52; τὰ κ. τοῖς πάλαι τεκμαίρεται Id. OT 916; θυτῆρα καινῷ καινὸν ἐν πεπλώματι Id. Tr. 613; ἢ βούλεσθε περι[]όντες πυνθάνεσθαι, λέγεταί τι κ.;"" D. 4.10; γένοιτ' ἄν τι -ότερον ἤ.. ibid.; ἐκ καινῆς (sc. ἀρχῆς) anew, afresh, Th. 3.92, Thphr. CP 5.1.11, Jahresh. 23 Beibl. 91 (Pamphyl., i A. D.), etc. (also ἐκ καινοῦ CPR 244.14 (iii A. D.)); esp. of new dramas, τραγῳδῶν γιγνομένων καινῶν Aeschin. 3.34; briefly τραγῳδοῖς κ. at the representation of the new tragedies, Docum. ap. D. 18.54; τραγῳδῶν τῇ κ. [ ἐπιδείξει ] ib.55; καινῇ κωμῳδῶν, τραγῳδῶν, CIG 2759iii (Aphrodisias); but κ. κωμῳδία, τραγῳδία, of a new style of drama, IG 7.1773 (Thebes, ii A.D.).

2. newly-made, κύλικες, τριήρης, ὀθόνια, οἶνος, SIG 1026.26 (Cos, iv/iii B. C.), IG 22.1623.289, PLond. 2.402v12 (ii B. C.), Ostr. 1142.4 (iii A. D.).

3. Adv. -νῶς newly, afresh, Alex. 240.4.

II newly-invented, novel, καινότεραι τέχναι Batr. 116; κ. προσφέρειν σοφά E. Med. 298; ἔνθα τι κ. ἐλέχθη Philox. 3.23; οὐκ ἀείδω τὰ παλαιά, καινὰ γὰρ ἀμὰ κρείσσω Tim. Fr. 21; κ. θεοί strange gods, Pl. Euthphr. 3b; κ. δαιμόνια Id. Ap. 24c; κ. τινες σοφισταί Id. Euthd. 271b; κ. καὶ ἄτοπα ὀνόματα Id. R. 405d; καινὰ ἐπιμηχανᾶσθαι innovations, X. Cyr. 8.8.16; οὐδὲν -ότερον εἰσέφερε τῶν ἄλλων he introduced as little of anything new as others, Id. Mem. 1.1.3, cf. Pl. Phd. 115b; πεπόνθαμεν -ότατον D. 35.26; τὸ κ. τοῦ πολέμου prob. f.l. for κενόν (v. κενός), Th. 3.30; οὐ καινόν nothing to be surprised at, Hp. Int. 17; τὸ -ότατον what is strangest, parenthetically, Luc. Nigr. 22, al.; εἰ Χρὴ -ότατα μᾶλλον ἢ κακουργότατα εἰπεῖν Antipho 2.4.2. Adv., μὴ σὺ -νῶς μοι λάλει in new, strange style, Alex. 144, cf. Pl. Phdr. 267b: Comp. -οτέρως, νοῆσαι περί τινος Arist. Cael. 308b31; without precedent, -νῶς κατακριθῆναι OGI 669.46,49 (Egypt, i A. D.).

III κ. ἄνθρωπος, = Lat. novus homo, Plu. Cat.Ma. 1; πράγματακ., = res novae, Id. Cic. 14, cf. 2.212c.

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 καινός, καινή, καινόν (from Aeschylus and Herodotus down); the Sept. for חָדָשׁ; new, i. e.

a. as respects form; recently made, fresh, recent, unused, unworn (opposed to παλαιός old, antiquated): as ἀσκός, Matthew 9:11; Mark 2:22 ( T omits; Tr WH brackets the clause); Luke 5:38 ἱμάτιον, Luke 5:36; πλήρωμα, Mark 2:21; μνημεῖον, Matthew 27:60; with ἐν οὐδέπω οὐδείς ἐτέθη added, John 19:41; καινά καί παλαιά, Matthew 13:52; new, which as recently made is superior to what it succeeds: διαθήκη, Matthew 26:28 ( T WH omit καινά); Mark 14:24 R L; Luke 22:20 ( WH reject the passage); 1 Corinthians 11:25; 2 Corinthians 3:6; Hebrews 8:8,13; Hebrews 9:15 ( Jeremiah 38:31 (Jeremiah 31:31>)); καινοί οὐρανοί, καινή γῆ, 2 Peter 3:13; Revelation 21:1 ( Isaiah 65:17; Isaiah 66:22); Ἱερουσαλήμ (see Ἱεροσόλυμα, at the end), Revelation 3:12; Revelation 21:2; ἄνθρωπος (see the word, 1f.), Ephesians 2:15; Ephesians 4:24 (καρδία, πνεῦμα, Ezekiel 18:31; Ezekiel 36:26); καινά πάντα ποιῶ, I bring all things into a new and better condition, Revelation 21:5; γέννημα τῆς ἀμπέλου, Matthew 26:29; Mark 14:25.

b. as respects substance; of a new kind; unprecedented, novel, uncommon, unheard of (ἑτέρα καί καινά δαιμόνια, Xenophon, mem. 1,1, 1): διδαχή, Mark 1:27; Acts 17:19; ἐντολή, given now for the first time, John 13:34; 1 John 2:7; 2 John 1:5; ὄνομα, with the added explanation οὐδείς οἶδεν (ἔγνω Rec.), Revelation 2:17 ( Isaiah 62:2; Isaiah 65:15); ᾠδή, Revelation 5:9; Revelation 14:3 ( Psalm 143:9 (Psalm 144:9>); ὕμνος, Isaiah 42:10; ᾆσμα, Psalm 32:3 (Psalm 33:3>); Psalm 39:4> (Psalm 40:4>), etc.); λέγειν τί καί ( L T Tr WH) ἀκούειν καινότερον, Acts 17:21 ( newer namely, than that which is already; (cf. Winer's Grammar, 244 (228f))); κτίσις, Galatians 6:15; καινά τά πάντα, all things are new, previously non-existent, begin to be far different from what they were before, 2 Corinthians 5:17 ( L T Tr WH omit τά πάντα); μηκέτι οὔσης τῆς ἀνομίας, καινων δέ γεγονότων πάντων ὑπό κυρίου, the Epistle of Barnabas 15,7 [ET]. γλῶσσαι (see γλῶσσα, 2): Mark 16:17 ( Tr text WH text omit; Tr marginal reading brackets καινων) [ SYNONYMS: καινός, νέος: νέος denotes the new primarily in reference to time, the young, recent; καινός denotes the new primarily in reference to quality, the fresh, unworn; 'νέος ad tempus refertur, καινός ad rem;' see Trench, § lx.; Tittmann i., p. 59f; Green, 'Critical Note' on Matthew 9:17 (where the words occur together). The same distinction, in the main, holds in classic usage; cf. Schmidt ii., chapter 47.]

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Frequency / Word / Parsing Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (44)NAS (42)HCS (42)
Matthew5
Mark6
Luke3
John2
Acts2
1 Corinthians1
2 Corinthians2
Galatians1
Ephesians2
Hebrews3
2 Peter1
1 John2
2 John1
Revelation7
Matthew4
Mark5
Luke3
John2
Acts2
1 Corinthians1
2 Corinthians2
Galatians1
Ephesians2
Hebrews3
2 Peter1
1 John2
2 John1
Revelation7
Matthew4
Mark5
Luke5
John2
Acts2
1 Corinthians1
2 Corinthians3
Galatians1
Ephesians2
Hebrews3
2 Peter2
1 John2
2 John1
Revelation9
List of Word Forms
καινα καινά καινὰ καιναις καιναίς καιναῖς καινη καινή καινὴ καινην καινήν καινὴν καινης καινής καινῆς καινοί καινοίς καινον καινόν καινὸν καινός καινοτερον καινότερον καινου καινού καινοῦ καινους καινούς καινοὺς καινω καινώ καινῷ καινών kaina kainá kainà kainais kainaîs kaine kainē kainḗ kainḕ kainen kainēn kainḗn kainḕn kaines kainês kainēs kainē̂s kaino kainō kainôi kainō̂i kainon kainón kainòn kainoteron kainóteron kainou kainoû kainous kainoús kainoùs
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