ver. 2.0.14.10.01
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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #2540 - καιρός

Transliteration:
kair
Phonetics:
kahee-ros'  
Word Origin:
of uncertain affinity
Parts of Speech:
Noun Masculine
TDNT:
3:455,389
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. due measure
  2. a measure of time, a larger or smaller portion of time, hence:
    1. a fixed and definite time, the time when things are brought to crisis, the decisive epoch waited for
    2. opportune or seasonable time
    3. the right time
    4. a limited period of time
    5. to what time brings, the state of the times, the things and events of time
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 314 ‑ אַחֲרֹן (akh‑ar‑one', akh‑ar‑one');   2165 ‑ זְמָן (zem‑awn');   3117 ‑ יוֹם (yome);   4150 ‑ מוֹעָדָה (mo‑ade', mo‑ade', mo‑aw‑daw');   5704 ‑ עַד (ad);   5732 ‑ עִדָּן (id‑dawn');   5844 ‑ עָטָה (aw‑taw');   6106 ‑ עֶצֶם (eh'‑tsem);   6256 ‑ עֵת (ayth);   6471 ‑ פַּעֲמָה (pah'‑am, pah‑am‑aw');   6738 ‑ צֵל (tsale);   7093 ‑ קֵץ (kates);   7272 ‑ רֶגֶל (reh'‑gel);   8141 ‑ שָׁנָה (shaw‑neh', shaw‑naw');   8447 ‑ תֹּר (tore, tore);   8454 ‑ תֻּשִׁיָּה (too‑shee‑yaw', too‑shee‑yaw');   8622 ‑ תְּקֻפָה (tek‑oo‑faw', tek‑oo‑faw');  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

καιρός, ὁ,

I due measure, proportion, fitness (not in Hom.), καιρὸς δ' ἐπὶ πᾶσιν ἄριστος (which became a prov.) Hes. Op. 694, Thgn. 401; κ. παντὸς ἔχει κορυφάν Pi. P. 9.78; κ. Χάριτος A. Ag. 787 (anap.) (cf. ὑποκάμπτω 11); εἰ ὁ κ. ἦν σαφής the distinction, the point, E. Hipp. 386; ἡ ἀπορία ἔχει τινὰ κ. has some point or importance, Arist. Metaph. 1043b25; καιροῦ πέρα beyond measure, unduly, A. Pr. 507; μείζων τοῦ κ. γαστήρ X. Smp. 2.19; καιροῦ μεῖζον E. Fr. 626 codd.; προσωτέρω or πορρωτέρω τοῦ κ., X. An. 4.3.34, HG 7.5.13; ὀξύτερα τοῦ κ. Pl. Plt. 307b; νωθεστέρα τοῦ κ. ib. 310e; ὑπερβάλλων τῇ φιλοτιμίᾳ τὸν κ. Plu. Ages. 8, cf. Hp. Loc.Hom. 44. II of Place, vital part of the body (cf. καίριος 1), ἐς καιρὸν τυπείς E. Andr. 1120. III more freq. of Time, exact or critical time, season, opportunity, Χρόνου κ. S. El. 1292: usu. alone, κ. [ ἐστιν ] ἐν ᾧ Χρόνος οὐ πολὺς κτλ. Hp. Praec. [*], cf. Chrysipp. et Archig. ap. Daremberg Notices etextr. des MSS. médicaux 1p.200; κ. ὀξύς Hp. Aph. 1.1; κ. πρὸς ἀνθρώπων βραχὺ μέτρον ἔχει 'time and tide wait for no man', Pi. P. 4.286; κ. ὄλβου, = καίριος ὄλβος, Id. N. 7.58; δηλοῦν, ὅ τι περ δύναται κ. Ar. Ec. 576 codd. (sed leg. δύνασαι) ; τίνα κ. τοῦ παρόντος βελτίω ζητεῖτε; D. 3.16; κ. δόσιος for giving, Hp. Acut. 20; κ. τοῦ ποτισμοῦ, τῆς τρύγης, BGU 1003.12 (iii B. C.), PStrassb. 1.8 (V A. D.); τὰ ἐκ τοῦ κ. προγινόμενα Plb. 6.32.3; καιρὸν παριέναι to let the time go by, Th. 4.27 (so in pl., τοὺς κ. παριέναι Pl. R. 374c; τοὺς κ. ὑφαιρεῖσθαι Aeschin. 3.66); κ. τῶν πραγμάτων τοῖς ἐναντίοις καθυφιέναι καὶ προδοῦναι D. 19.6; καιροῦ (τοῦ κ.) τυχεῖν E. Hec. 593, Pl. Lg. 687a, Men. Mon. 281; καιρὸν εἰληφέναι Lys. 13.6 (but καιρὸς ἐλάμβανε Th. 2.34; cf. καιροῦ διδόντος Lib. Or. 45.7); καιροῦ λαβέσθαι Luc. Tim. 13; καιρὸν ἁρπάσαι Plu. Phil. 15; κ. τηρεῖν Arist. Rh. 1382b11; καιρῷ Χρήσασθαι Plu. Pyrrh. 7; καιρῷ Χειμῶνος ξυλλαβέσθαι co-operate with the occurrence of a storm, Pl. Lg. 709c; ἔχει κ. τι it happens in season, Th. 1.42, etc.; κ. ἔχειν τοῦ εὖ οἰκεῖν to be the chief cause of.., Pl. R. 421a; ὑμέας καιρός ἐστι προβοηθῆσαι Hdt. 8.144, cf. A. Pr. 523, etc.; νῦν κ. ἔρδειν S. El. 1368: sts. c. Art., ἀλλ' ἔσθ' ὁ κ... ξένους.. τυγχάνειν τὰ πρόσφορα A. Ch. 710; ὁ κ. ἐστι μὴ μέλλειν ἔτι Ar. Th. 661, cf. Pl. 255. adverbial phrases, ἐς καιρόν in season, Hdt. 7.144, E. Tr. 744, etc.; ἐς κ. ἐπείγεσθαι Hdt. 4.139; ἐς αὐτὸν κ. S. Aj. 1168; εἰς δέοντα κ. Men. Sam. 294; ἐν καιρῷ A. Pr. 381, Th. 4.59, etc.; ἐν κ. τινί Pl. Cri. 44a; ἐπὶ καιροῦ D. 19.258, 20.90, etc.; κατὰ καιρόν Pi. I. 2.22; ὥς οἱ κατὰ κ. ἦν Hdt. 1.30 (but also οἱ κατὰ κ. ἡγεμόνες in office at the time, BGU 15.10 (ii A. D.), etc.); παρὰ τῷ ἐντυχόντι αἰεὶ καὶ λόγου καὶ ἔργου κ. Th. 2.43; πρὸς καιρόν S. Aj. 38, Tr. 59, etc.; σὺν καιρῷ Plb. 2.38.7: without Preps., καιρῷ S. OT 1516; καιρόν, abs., S. Aj. 34, E. Fr. 495.9 (in Comp. form καιρότερον, Achae. 49); κ. γὰρ οὐδὲν ἦλθες E Hel. 479; opp. ἀπὸ καιροῦ out of season, Pl. Tht. 187e; ἄνευ καιροῦ Id. 339d; παρὰ καιρόν Pi. O. 8.24, E. IA 8c o (lyr.), Pl. Plt. 277a; πρὸ καιροῦ prematurely, A. Ag. 365 (anap.); ἐπὶ καιροῦ also means on the spur of the moment, ἐπὶ κ. λέγειν Plu. Dem. 8, cf. Art. 5; ἐξενεγκεῖν πόλεμον Id. Ant. 6.

2. season, πᾶσιν καιροῖς at all seasons of the year, IG 14.1018, cf. LXX Genesis 1:14, Ph. 1.13, Porph. ap. Eus. PE 3.11; κ. ἔτους, later Gr. for Att. ὥρα ἔτους, acc. to Moer. 424; time of day, Philostr. VA 6.14. critical times, periodic states, καιροὶ σωμάτων Arist. Pol. 1335a41.

3. generally, time, period, κατὰ τὸν κ. τοῦτον Plb. 27.1.7; κατ' ἐκεῖνο καιροῦ Conon 3, al.: more freq. in pl., κατὰ τούτους τοὺς κ. Arist. Ath. 23.2, al., cf. Plb. 2.39.1; τὰ κατὰ καιρούς chronological sequence of events, Id. 5.33.5; ἐν τοῖς πάλαι, ἐντοῖς μεταξὺ κ., Phld. Rh. 1.28,363 S.

4. in pl., οἱ καιροί the times, i. e. the state of affairs, freq. in bad sense, ἐν τοῖς μεγίστοις κ. at the most critical times, X. HG 6.5.33, cf. D. 20.44; περιστάντων τῇ πόλει κ. δυσκόλων IG 22.682.33, etc.: also in sg., X. An. 3.1.44, D. 17.9; ὁ ἔσχατος κ. extreme danger, Plb. 29.27.12, etc.; καιρῷ δουλεύειν AP 9.441 (Pall.). advantage, profit, τινος of or from a thing, Pi. O. 2.54, P. 1.57; εἴ τοι ἐς κ. ἔσται ταῦτα τελεόμενα to his advantage, Hdt. 1.206; ἐπὶ σῷ κ. S. Ph. 151 (lyr.); τίνα κ. με διδάσκεις; A. Supp. 1060 (lyr.); τί σοι καιρὸς.. καταλείβειν; what avails it..? E. Andr. 131 (lyr.); τίνος εἵνεκα καιροῦ; D. 23.182; οὗ κ. εἴη where it was convenient or advantageous, Th. 4.54; ᾗ κ. ἦν ib. 90; Χωρίον μετὰ μεγίστων κ. οἰκειοῦταί τε καὶ πολεμοῦται with the greatest odds, the most critical results, Id. 1.36. Pythag. name for seven, Theol.Ar. 44.

Frequency / Word / Parsing Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (87)NAS (86)HCS (84)
Matthew10
Mark5
Luke12
John3
Acts9
Romans6
1 Corinthians3
2 Corinthians2
Galatians3
Ephesians4
Colossians1
1 Thessalonians2
2 Thessalonians1
1 Timothy3
2 Timothy4
Titus1
Hebrews4
1 Peter4
Revelation5
Matthew10
Mark5
Luke12
John3
Acts9
Romans6
1 Corinthians3
2 Corinthians2
Galatians3
Ephesians4
Colossians1
1 Thessalonians2
2 Thessalonians1
1 Timothy3
2 Timothy3
Titus1
Hebrews4
1 Peter4
Revelation5
Matthew10
Mark5
Luke13
John3
Acts9
Romans6
1 Corinthians3
2 Corinthians3
Galatians3
Ephesians4
Colossians1
1 Thessalonians2
2 Thessalonians1
1 Timothy3
2 Timothy3
Titus1
Hebrews3
1 Peter4
Revelation7
List of Word Forms
καιροι καιροί καιροὶ καιροις καιροίς καιροῖς καιρον καιρόν καιρὸν καιρος καιρός καιρὸς καιρου καιρού καιροῦ καιρους καιρούς καιροὺς καιρω καιρώ καιρῷ καιρων καιρών καιρῶν kairo kairō kairoi kairoì kairôi kairō̂i kairois kairoîs kairon kairón kairòn kairôn kairōn kairō̂n kairos kairós kairòs kairou kairoû kairous kairoùs
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