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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #2574 - κάμηλος

Word Origin:
of Hebrew origin (01581)
Parts of Speech:
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. camel
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1070 ‑ בֵּכֶר (beh'‑ker);   1580 ‑ גָּמַל (gaw‑mal');  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

(as in Ar. Av. 1563),

1. camel, Camelus bactrianus and C. dromedarius (cf. Arist. HA 499a13), A. Supp. 285, etc.; τοὺς ἔρσενας τῶν κ. Hdt. 3.105; κ. ἀμνός a camel -lamb, i.e. young camel, Ar. Av. 1559 (lyr.); κ. δρομάς Plu. Alex. 31: prov., κάμηλον καταπίνειν Matthew 23:24; cf. κάμιλος.

2. ἡ κ. camelry, Hdt. 1.80. (Semitic word, cf. Hebr. gâmâl.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 κάμηλος, καμήλου, , , Hebrew גָּמָל (from Herodotus down), a camel ( BB. DD. under the word; Tristram, Nat. Hist. etc., p. 58ff): Matthew 3:4; Mark 1:6; in Proverbs , Matthew 19:24; Mark 10:25; Luke 18:25, (meaning, 'something almost or altogether impossible' (cf. Farrar in The Expositor for 1876i., p. 369ff; especially Wetzstein in the Sitzungsberichte d. Akad. d. Wissensch. zu München, 1873, pp. 581-596)); Matthew 23:24 (of one who is careful not to sin in trivial matters, but pays no heed to the more important matters).

κάμιλος, καμιλου, , a cable; the reading of certain manuscripts in Matthew 19:24 and Luke 18:25 (see Tdf. s notes). The word is found only in Suidas (1967c.) and the Schol. on Aristophanes reap. (1030): "κάμιλος τό παχύ σχοινίον διά τοῦ ." Cf. Passow (or Liddell and Scott), under the word; ( WH's Appendix, p. 151 b).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Vocabulary of the Greek NT

In P Tebt I. 252 (B.C. 95–4 or 62–1) 1 talent is paid for ]. ρης καμή (λων ?), but, as will be observed, the editors regard the completion of the word as doubtful, and the doubt is increased when we note that this is the only reference to camels as beasts of burden that we can produce from Ptolemaic times. In Imperial times, on the other hand, they are constantly referred to, as in the custom-house receipt P Ryl II. 197.2 ff. (late ii/A.D.) τετελ (ώνηται) διὰ πύλης Σοκνοπ (αίου) Νήσου ρ ν Σαραπίων ἐξάγ (ων) ἐπὶ καμήλ () α ̄ μιᾷ λαχανοσπέρμ (ου) ἀρτάβ (ας) ἓξ τελ (ούσας) (δραχμὰς) πέντε, ";paid at the custom-house of Socnopaei Nesus for the tax of .1/100 and .1/50 by Sarapion, exporting on one camel six artabae of vegetable-seed paying five drachmae"; (Edd.), and in the illiterate P Oxy VII. 1069.17 (iii/A.D.)τάχα γὰρ δυνασθῶμεν φο [ρ ]υτρείσε (l. φο [ρ ]ετρίσαι) σοι δύω καμήλους [πυ ]ρ ̣οῦ καὶ πέμψε πρὸ σέν, ";for we may be able to load two camels with wheat for you and to send them to you"; (Ed.). BGU I. 352.11 (A.D. 135–6) mentions as registered—καμήλους τελείους τρεῖς, and similarly in P Lond 328.7 (A.D. 163) (= II. p. 75) the writer announces that of the two camels and a foal (καμήλων δύο καὶ πώλου) which he possessed in the previous year, one has been requisitioned εἰς κυριακὰς χρείας, ";for Imperial service"; : he therefore returns two camels for the current year—.15 τοὺς δὲ λοιποὺς καμήλους β ̄ ἀπογρ (άφομαι) εἰς τὸ ἐνεστὸς (ἔτος). For the diminutive see P Hamb I. 54.7 (ii/iii A.D.) ἕτερα β ̄ καμήλια. In P Oxy III. 498.8 (ii/A.D.) we read of ";squared building-stones transportable by camel";—λίθων κύβων καμηλικῶν, though too heavy for other beasts : this is remarkably like μύλος ὀνικός in Mark 9:42. Cf. also OGIS 629.16 (A.D. 137) τεσσάρων γόμων καμηλικῶν τέλος ἐπράχθη : so .35, .88. On the τέλεσμα καμήλων see Wilcken Ostr. i. p. 378.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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List of Word Forms
καμηλοι κάμηλοι καμηλοίς καμήλοις καμηλον κάμηλον καμηλου καμήλου καμήλους καμήλων καμιναίας kamelon kamēlon kámelon kámēlon kamelou kamēlou kamḗlou
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