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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #3000 - λατρεύω

Word Origin:
from latris (a hired menial)
Parts of Speech:
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to serve for hire
  2. to serve, minister to, either to the gods or men and used alike of slaves and freemen
    1. in the NT, to render religious service or homage, to worship
    2. to perform sacred services, to offer gifts, to worship God in the observance of the rites instituted for his worship
      1. of priests, to officiate, to discharge the sacred office
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 309 ‑ אָחַר (aw‑khar');   5647 ‑ עָבַד (aw‑bad');   6399 ‑ פְּלַח (pel‑akh');   8334 ‑ שָׁרַת (shaw‑rath');  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Elean λατρείω (q.v.),

1. work for hire or pay, Sol. 13.48: to be in servitude, serve, X. Cyr. 3.1.36; παρά τινι Apollod. 2.6.3.

2. λ. τινί to be subject or enslaved to, S. Tr. 35, etc.: c. acc. pers., serve, E. IT 1115 (lyr.), f.l. in Id. El. 131: metaph., λ. πέτρᾳ, of Prometheus, A. Pr. 968; μόχθοις λατρεύων τοῖς ὑπερτάτοις βροτῶν S. OC 105; λ. νόμοις obey, X. Ages. 7.2; λ. καιρῷ, = Lat. temporibus inservire, Ps.-Phoc. 121; τῷ κάλλει λ. to be devoted to.., Isoc. 10.57; λ. ἡδονῇ Luc. Nigr. 15.

3. serve the gods with prayers and sacrifices, λ. Φοίβῳ E. Ion 152 (lyr.): c. acc. cogn., πόνον λ. τινί render due service, ib. 129 (lyr.); πόνον.. τόνδ' ἐλάτρευσα θεᾷ IG 2.1378.

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 λατρεύω; future λατρεύσω; 1aorist ἐλάτρευσα; (λάτρις a hireling, Latin latro in Ennius and Plautus; λάτρον hire); in Greek writings a. to serve for hire;

b. universally, to serve, minister to, either gods or men, and used alike of slaves and of freemen; in the N. T. to render religious service or homage, to worship (Hebrew עָבַד, Deuteronomy 6:13; Deuteronomy 10:12; Joshua 24:15); in a broad sense, λατρεύειν Θεῷ: Matthew 4:10 and Luke 4:8, (after Deuteronomy 6:13); Acts 7:7; Acts 24:14; Acts 27:23; Hebrews 9:14; Revelation 7:15; Revelation 22:3; of the worship of idols, Acts 7:42; Romans 1:25 ( Exodus 20:5; Exodus 23:24; Ezekiel 20:32). Phrases relating to the manner of worshipping are these: Θεῷ (so R G) λατρεύειν πενυματι (dative of instrumentality), with the spirit or soul, Philippians 3:3, but L T Tr WH have correctly restored πενυαμτι Θεοῦ, i. e. prompted by, filled with, the Spirit of God, so that the dative of the person (τῷ Θεῷ) is suppressed; ἐν τῷ πνεύματι μου ἐν τῷ εὐαγγελίῳ, in my spirit in delivering the glad tidings, Romans 1:9; τῷ Θεῷ ἐν καθαρά συνειδήσει, 2 Timothy 1:3; μετά αἰδοῦς καί εὐλαβείας or (so L T Tr WH) μετά εὐλαβείας καί δέους, Hebrews 12:28; ἐν ὁσιότητι καί δικαιοσύνη, Luke 1:74; (without the dative Θεῷ) νηστείαις καί δεήσεσι, Luke 2:37; λατρεύειν, absolutely, to worship God (cf. Winer's Grammar, 593 (552)), Acts 26:7. in the strict sense; "to perform sacred services, to offer gifts, to worship God in the observance of the rites instituted for his worship": absolutely, Hebrews 9:9; Hebrews 10:2; specifically, of the priests, to officiate, to discharge the sacred office: with a dative of the sacred thing to which the service is rendered, Hebrews 8:5; Hebrews 13:10. ( Euripides, others.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

λατρεύω in Biblical Greek always refers to the service or worship of the true God or of heathen divinities : see SH on Romans 1:9, where the relation of the verb to λειτουργέω is discussed. For its relation to δουλεύω see Thackeray Gr. i. p. 8 : cf. also Anz Subsidia, p. 296.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
Frequency / Word / Parsing Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (21)NAS (22)HCS (21)
2 Timothy1
2 Timothy1
2 Timothy1
List of Word Forms
ελάτρευον ελατρεύσαμεν ελατρευσαν ελάτρευσαν ἐλάτρευσαν ελάτρευσας ελάτρευσεν λατρευειν λατρεύειν λατρεύεις λατρεύετε λατρευόμεν λατρεύομεν λατρευον λατρεύον λατρεῦον λατρευοντα λατρεύοντα λατρευοντας λατρεύοντας λατρευοντες λατρεύοντες λατρευουσα λατρεύουσα λατρεύουσι λατρευουσιν λατρεύουσιν λατρεύσαι λατρεύσατε λατρεύσει λατρευσεις λατρεύσεις λατρεύσετε λατρεύσης λατρεύσητε λατρεύσομεν λατρεύσουσί λατρευσουσιν λατρεύσουσιν λατρεύσουσίν λατρεύσω λατρεύσωμεν λατρεύσωσι λατρεύσωσί λατρευω λατρεύω λατρευωμεν λατρεύωμεν λαφύρων λαχανείας elatreusan elátreusan latreuein latreúein latreuo latreuō latreúo latreúō latreuomen latreuōmen latreúomen latreúōmen latreuon latreûon latreuonta latreúonta latreuontas latreúontas latreuontes latreúontes latreuousa latreúousa latreuousin latreúousin latreuseis latreúseis latreusousin latreúsousin latreúsousín
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