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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #3078 - Λυσανίας

Word Origin:
from (3080) and ania (trouble)
Parts of Speech:
Noun Masculine
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
Lysanias = "that drives away sorrow"
  1. a tetrarch of Abilene (i.e. the district around Abila) in the thirteenth year of Tiberias (A.D.
Thayer's Expanded Definition
 Λυσανίας, Λυσανίου, , Lysanias;

1. the son of Ptolemy, who from on was governor of Chalcis at the foot of Mount Lebanon, and was put to death at the instance of Cleopatra: Josephus, Antiquities 14,7, 4,13,3; 15,4, 1; b. j., 1,13, 1, cf. b. j. 1,9, 2.

2. a tetrarch of Abilene (see Ἀβιληνή), in the days of John the Baptist and Jesus: Luke 3:1. Among the regions assigned by the emperors Caligula and Claudius to Herod Agrippa I. and Herod Agrippa II., Josephus mentions Λυσανίου τετραρχία (Antiquities 18,6, 10, cf. 20,7, 1), βασιλεία τοῦ Λυσανίου καλουμένῃ (b. j. 2,11, 5), Ἀβιλα Λυσανίου (antt. 19,5, 1); accordingly, some have supposed that in these passages Lysanias the son of Ptolemy must be meant, and that the region which he governed continued to bear his name even after his death. Others (as Credher, Strauss, Gfrörer, Weisse), denying that there ever was a second Lysanias, contend that Luke was led into error by that designation of Abilene (derived from Lysanias and retained for a long time afterward), so that he imagined that Lysanias was tetrarch in the time of Christ. This opinion, however, is directly opposed by the fact that Josephus, in Antiquities 20,7, 1and b. j. 2,12, 8, expressly distinguishes Chalcis from the tetrarchy of Lysanias; nor is it probable that the region which Lysanias the son of Ptolemy governed for only six years took its name from him ever after. Therefore it is more correct to conclude that in the passages of Josephus where the tetrarchy of Lysanias is mentioned a second Lysanias, perhaps the grandson of the former, must be meant; and that he is identical with the one spoken of by Luke. Cf. Winer, RWB, under the word, Abilene; Wieseler in Herzog i., p. 64ff (especially in Beitrüge zur richtig. Würdigung d. Evang. as above with, pp. 196-204); Bleek, Synoptative Erklär. as above with i., p. 154 f; Kneucker in Schenkel i., p. 26f; Schürer, Neutest. Zeitgesch. § 19 Anh. I, p. 313 (also in Riehm, under the word; Robinson in Bib. Sacra for 1848, pp. 79ff; Renan, La Dynastie des Lysanias d'Abilene (in the Memoires de l'Acad. des inscrip. et belles-lettres for 1870, Tom. xxvi., p. 2, pp. 49-84); BB. DD., under the word).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

An inscr., Cagnat III. 1086, has been found at Abila, the capital of ancient Abilene, whose author describes himself as Νυμφαῖος. . . . Λυσανίου τετράρχου ἀπελε [ύθερος. There is nothing to show which Lysanias is intended, but as the editor understands by the Σεβαστοί, who are spoken of in the beginning of the inscr., the Emperor Tiberius and his mother Livia (ob. A.D. 29), the reference cannot be to Lysanias son of Ptolemy (regnavit B.C. 40–34), but to his son or grandson, who may then in turn be identified with the Lysanias of Luke 3:1. See further the notes to Cagnat III. 1085, and an art. in Revue Biblique, 1912, p. 533 ff. (cited Exp VIII. v. p. 93 f.). For gen. Λυσανίου, see Moulton Gr, ii. p. 119.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
Frequency / Word / Parsing Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (1)NAS (1)HCS (1)
List of Word Forms
Λυσανιου Λυσανίου Lusaniou Lysaniou Lysaníou
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