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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #3084 - λυτρόω

Word Origin:
from (3083)
Parts of Speech:
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to release on receipt of ransom
  2. to redeem, liberate by payment of ransom
    1. to liberate
    2. to cause to be released to one's self by payment of a ransom
    3. to redeem
    4. to deliver: from evils of every kind, internal and external
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1350 ‑ גָּאַל (gaw‑al');   6202 ‑ עָרַף (aw‑raf');   6299 ‑ פָּדָה (paw‑daw');   6403 ‑ פָּלַט (paw‑lat');   6475 ‑ פָּצָה (paw‑tsaw');   6561 ‑ פָּרַק (paw‑rak');   7069 ‑ קָנָה (kaw‑naw');   7682 ‑ שָׂגַב (saw‑gab');   7804 ‑ שֵׁיזִב (shez‑ab');  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


I release on receipt of a ransom, hold to ransom, τινὰ χρημάτων ὅσων δοκεῖ for such a sum as is agreed on, Pl. Tht. 165e; redeem a pledge, λ. τὰ ἱμάτια POxy. 530.14 (ii A. D.), etc.: Med., release by payment of ransom, redeem, παρὰ τῶν Αἰτωλῶν IG 12(5).36 (Naxos, iii B. C.), cf. LXX Exodus 13:15, al.; τὴν χώραν χρημάτων οὐκ ὀλίγων Plb. 18.16.1; ἡμᾶς ἀπὸ πάσης ἀνομίας Titus 2:14 : Pass., to be ransomed, ἐκ τῶν ἰδίων λελυτρῶσθαι D. 19.170, cf. Arist. EN 1164b34; αἵματι 1 Peter 1:18.

II Pass., to be released from an obligation, PEleph. 19.8 (iii B. C.).

III mistranslation of Hebr. ' rp 'break the neck', LXX Exodus 13:13. - ών, ῶνος, ὁ, = ἀπόπατος 2, ib. 4 Ki. 10.27, AB 433.

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 λυτρόω, λύτρῳ: passive, 1aorist ἐλυτρωθην; middle, present infinitive λυτροῦσθαι; 1aorist subjunctive 3person singular λυτρώσηται; (λύτρον, which see); the Sept. often for גָּאַל and פָּדָה;

1. to release on receipt of ransom: Plato, Theact., p. 165e.; Diodorus 19,73; the Sept., Numbers 18:15,17.

2. to redeem, liberate by payment of ransom (( Demosthenes, others)), generally expressed by the middle; universally, to liberate: τινα ἀργυρίῳ, and likewise ἐκ with the genitive of the thing; passive ἐκ τῆς ματαίας ἀναστροφῆς, 1 Peter 1:18; middle "to cause to be released to oneself (cf. Winer s Grammar, 254 (238)) by payment of the ransom, i. e. to redeem; universally, to deliver": in the Jewish theocratic sense, τόν Ἰσραήλ, viz. from evils of every kind, external and internal, Luke 24:21; ἀπό πάσης ἀνομίας, Titus 2:14 (cf. Winer's Grammar, § 30,6a.); τινα ἐκ, spoken of God, Deuteronomy 13:5; 2 Samuel 7:23; Hosea 13:14.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The verb and its kindred are well established in the vernacular, e.g. P Eleph 19.8 (Ptol.) ὑφίστ [αμα ]ι τῆς γῆς. . . ἧς λελυτρωμένοι εἰσὶν τῆς πεπραμένης ὑπὸ Μίλωνος, P Par 22.18 (c. B.C. 165) τὰ δ᾽ ἐκείνου ὑπάρχοντα ἀναληφθέντα εἰς τὸ βασιλικὸν ἐλυτρώσατο ἡ Νέφορις ἀποδομένη ἥμισυ οἰκίας τῆς οὔσης κοινῆς ἡμῶν κτλ., P Oxy III. 530.14 (ii/A.D.) ἐξ ὧν δώσεις Σεραπίωνι τῶι φίλω [ι ] . . . λυτρώσασά μου τὰ ἱμάτια δραχμὰς ἑκατόν ";of which you will give to my friend Serapion 100 drachmae and redeem my clothes"; (on the aor. of identical action see Proleg. p. 132 n..2), ib. I. 114.2 (ii/iii A.D.) νῦν μελησάτω σοι λυτρώσασθαι τὰ ἐμὰ παρὰ Σαραπίωνα, ";now please redeem my property from Sarapion,"; ib. VI. 936.19 (iii/A.D.) οὔπω λελύτρωται τὸ φαινόλιν (cf. 2 Timothy 4:13), ";the cloak has not yet been redeemed"; from pawn, syll 921.11 (iii/B.C.) μήπως συμ ]βῆι ἐξαχθ [ ]ντα ἐ [ξ ]ανδραποδισ [θῆναι τὰ σώματα, ὥστε μηκέτι λυ ]τρωθῆναι δύνασθαι. In ib. 281.5 (B.C. 192–1) καθὼς ἦν λελυτρωμένοι ὑπ᾽ αὐτῶν, the verb has the unusual sense of ";pay expenses"; : see the editor’s note. An Akmonian inscr. of A.D. 313–314, reproduced in C. and B. ii. p. 566 f., describes a high priestess Spatale as having ransomed many from the evil torments (of Christianity)—ἐλυτρώσατο γὰρ πολλοὺς ἐκ κακῶν βασάνων : ";a parody,"; as the editor remarks, ";of the Chr. zeal for conversion"; : cf. Titus 2:14 and the Christian prayer from the end of iv/A.D. edited by Schmidt in Neutest. Stud. Georg Heinrici dar gebracht (Leipzig, 1914), p. 69.32 λυτρωσάμ [ε ]νος ἀπὸ τῆς ἐξουσίας τοῦ διαβό [λου ] εἰς δόξαν ἐλευθερίας. Note that Blass in the β text of Acts 28:19 inserts after κατηγορεῖν the clause—ἀλλ᾽ ἵνα λυτρώσωμαι τὴν ψυχήν μου ἐκ θανάτου. MGr λυτρώνω, ";loose,"; ";liberate.";


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
Frequency / Word / Parsing Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (3)NAS (3)HCS (3)
1 Peter1
1 Peter1
1 Peter1
List of Word Forms
ελυτρωθητε ελυτρώθητε ἐλυτρώθητε ελυτρωσάμην ελυτρώσατο ελυτρώσατό ελυτρώσω λελυτρωμένοι λελυτρωμένοις λελυτρωμένον λελύτρωται λελύτρωταί λυτρούμενον λυτρούμενος λυτρούμενός λυτρουμένου λυτρουμένω λυτρουσθαι λυτρούσθαι λυτροῦσθαι λυτρούται λυτρωθή λυτρωθήσεσθε λυτρωθήσεται λύτρωσαι λύτρωσαί λυτρωσαμένου λυτρώσασθαι λυτρώσεται λυτρώσεταί λυτρωση λυτρώση λυτρωσηται λυτρώσηται λυτρώσομαι λυτρώσομαί λυτρώται elutrothete elutrōthēte elytrothete elytrōthēte elytrṓthete elytrṓthēte lutrosetai lutrōsētai lutrousthai lytrosetai lytrōsētai lytrṓsetai lytrṓsētai lytrousthai lytroûsthai
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