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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #3466 - μυστήριον

Word Origin:
from a derivative of muo (to shut the mouth)
Parts of Speech:
Noun Neuter
Word Definition  [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. hidden thing, secret, mystery
    1. generally mysteries, religious secrets, confided only to the initiated and not to ordinary mortals
    2. a hidden or secret thing, not obvious to the understanding
    3. a hidden purpose or counsel
      1. secret will 1c
    4. of men 1c
    5. of God: the secret counsels which govern God in dealing with the righteous, which are hidden from ungodly and wicked men but plain to the godly
  2. in rabbinic writings, it denotes the mystic or hidden sense
    1. of an OT saying
    2. of an image or form seen in a vision
    3. of a dream
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 7328 ‑ רָז (rawz);  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

μυστήρι-ον, τό, (μύστης, μυέω)


1. mystery or secret rite: mostly in pl., τὰ μ. the mysteries, first in Heraclit. 14, cf. Hdt. 2.51 (of the mysteries of the Cabiri in Samothrace), etc.; esp. those of Demeter at Eleusis, A. Fr. 479, S. Fr. 804, E. Supp. 173, Ar. Ra. 887, etc.; μυστηρίοις τοῖς μείζοσιν, τοῖς ὀλείζοσιν μ., IG 12.6.93,96; but usu., τὰ μεγάλα, τὰ μικρὰ μ., Sch. Ar. Pl. 846, cf. IG 12.313.144, 22.1672.4, Pl. Grg. 497c, etc.; πρὸ τῶν μεγάλων μ. τὰ μικρὰ παραδοτέον Iamb. Protr. 2; ἀπιέναι πρὸ τῶν μ., i.e. before you have reached the heart of the matter, Pl. Men. 76e; τὰ τῆς θεοῦ (sc. Μεγάλης Μητρὸς) μ. OGI 540.21 (Pessinus, i A.D.); οἱ θεοὶ οἷς τὰ μ. ἐπιτελεῖται IG 5(1).1390.2 (Andania, i B.C.); τὰ μ. ποιεῖν And. 1.11, Lys. 14.42, cf. Th. 6.28 (Pass.); μ. ἐρεῖν And.l.c.: later in sg., PMag.Leid.W. 3.42 (ii/iii A.D.).

2. mystic implements and ornaments, σεμνὰ στεμμάτων μυστήρια E. Supp. 470; esp. properties, such as were carried to Eleusis at the celebration of the mysteries, ὄνος ἄγω μυστήρια, prov. of an over-loaded beast, Ar. Ra. 159. later, object used in magical rites, talisman, δότε πνεῦμα τῷ ὑπ' ἐμοῦ κατεσκευασμένῳ μ. PMag.Leid.V. 10.19 (iii/iv A.D.).

3. metaph., ὕπνος, τὰ μικρὰ τοῦ θανάτου μ. Mnesim. 11; τῆς Ῥωμαίων ἀρχῆς σεμνὸν μ., of the military sacramentum, Hdn. 8.7.4: generally, mystery, secret, Pl. Tht. 156a; μυστήριόν σου μὴ κατείπῃς τῷ φίλῳ Men. 695, cf. LXX Si. 27.16, To. 12.7; προσήγγειλε τὰ μ. τοῖς πολεμίοις ib. 2 Maccabees 13:21; μυστήρια βίου Sor. 1.3; τοὐμὸν τὸ μ. [the remedy] is my secret, Aret. CD 2.7: hence, of a medicine, Gal. 13.96, Alex.Trall. 5.4.

4. secret revealed by God, i.e. religious or mystical truth, Corp. Herm. 1.16, etc.; τὰ μ. τῆς βασιλείας τῶν οὐρανῶν Matthew 13:11; πνεύματι λαλεῖν μυστήρια 1 Corinthians 14:2; τὸ μ. τῆς ἀνομίας the mystery of iniquity, 2 Thessalonians 2:7; τὸν Ἀντιπάτρου βίον οὐκ ἂν ἁμάρτοιτις εἰπὼν κακίας μ. J. BJ 1.24.1; esp. of the Gospel or parts of it, τὸ μ. τοῦ εὐαγγελίου Ephesians 6:19; cf. Ephesians 3:9, Colossians 1:26, al.; symbol, τὸ μ. τῶν ἑπτὰ ἀστέρων Revelation 1:20; cf. Revelation 17:7.

5. σύνηθές τι μ. some vulgar superstition, Sor. 1.4.

II Dionysius the tyrant called mouse-holes μυστήρια (μῦς, τηρεῖν), Ath. 3.98d.

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 μυστήριον, μυστηρίου, τό (μύστης (one initiated; from μυέω, which see)), in classical Greek a hidden thing, secret, mystery: μυστήριον σου μή κατειπης τῷ φιλῶ, Menander; plural generally mysteries, religious secrets, confided only to the initiated and not to be communicated by them to ordinary mortals; (cf. K. F. Hermann, Gottesdienstl. Alterthümer der Griechen, § 32). In the Scriptures:

1. a hidden or secret thing, not obvious to the understanding: 1 Corinthians 13:2; 1 Corinthians 14:2; (of the secret rites of the Gentiles, Wisdom of Solomon 14:15,23).

2. a hidden purpose or counsel; secret will: of men, τοῦ βασιλέως, Tobit 12:7,11; τῆς βουλῆς αὐτοῦ, Judith 2:2; of God: μυστήρια Θεοῦ, the secret counsels which govern God in dealing with the righteous, which are hidden from ungodly and wicked men but plain to the godly, Wisdom of Solomon 2:22. In the N. T., God's plan of providing salvation for men through Christ, which was once hidden but now is revealed: Romans 16:25; 1 Corinthians 2:7 (on this see ἐν, I:5f.); Ephesians 3:9; Colossians 1:26f; with τοῦ θελήματος αὐτοῦ added, Ephesians 1:9; τοῦ Θεοῦ, which God formed, Colossians 2:2; ( 1 Corinthians 2:1 WH text); τοῦ Χριστοῦ, respecting Christ, Colossians 4:3; τοῦ εὐαγγελίου, which is contained and announced in the gospel, Ephesians 6:19; ἐτελέσθη τό μυστήριον τοῦ Θεοῦ, said of the consummation of this purpose, to be looked for when Christ returns, Revelation 10:7; τά μυστήρια τῆς βασιλείας τῶν οὐρανῶν or τοῦ Θεοῦ, the secret purposes relative to the kingdom of God, Matthew 13:11; Mark 4:11; Luke 8:10; used of certain single events decreed by God having reference to his kingdom or the salvation of men, Romans 11:25; 1 Corinthians 15:51; of God's purpose to bless the Gentiles also with salvation through Christ (cf. Lightfoot on Colossians 1:26), Ephesians 3:3, cf. Ephesians 3:5; with τοῦ Χριστοῦ added, Ephesians 3:4; οἰκονόμοι μυστηρίων Θεοῦ, the stewards of God's mysteries, i. e. those intrusted with the announcement of God's secret purposes to men, 1 Corinthians 4:1; used generally, of Christian truth as hidden from ungodly men: with the addition of τῆς πίστεως, τῆς εὐσεβείας, which faith and godliness embrace and keep, 1 Timothy 3:9,16; τό μυστήριον τῆς ἀνομίας the mystery of lawlessness, the secret purpose formed by lawlessness, seems to be a tacit antithesis to God's saving purpose, 2 Thessalonians 2:7.

3. Like רָזָא and סוד in rabbinic writers, it denotes the mystic or hidden sense: of an O. T. saying, Ephesians 5:32; of a name, Revelation 17:5; of an image or form seen in a vision, Revelation 1:20; Revelation 17:5; of a dream, ( Theod.) Daniel 2:18f, 27-30, where the Sept. so renders רָז. (The Vulg. translates the word sacramentum in Daniel 2:18; Daniel 4:6; Tobit 12:7; Wisdom of Solomon 2:22; Ephesians 1:9; Ephesians 3:3,9; Ephesians 5:32; 1 Timothy 3:16; Revelation 1:20.) (On the distinctive N. T. use of the word cf. Campbell, Dissertations on the Gospels. diss. ix. part i.; Kendrick in B. D. American edition under the word ; Lightfoot on Colossians 1:26.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

μυστήρισν , -ου , τό

(< μυέω ),

[in LXX: Da LXX TH ff. (H7328), ; , , ; ; ; , ; ; ; , *;]

1. that which is known to the μύστης (initiated), a mystery or secret doctrine, mostly in pl., τὰ μ . (Æsch., Hdt., al.).

2. In later writers (Menand., Incert., 168), that which may not be revealed (not, however, as in the modern sense, intrinsically difficult to understand), a secret or mystery of any kind (To, Jth, 2Mac, ll, c.).

3. In NT, of the counsels of God (cf. Th.: , for H5475), once hidden but now revealed in the Gospel or some fact thereof;

(a) of the Christian revelation generally : , , , ; ; τ . βασιλείας τ . θεοῦ , ; τ . θεοῦ , , ; τ . θ ., Χριστοῦ , ; τ . Χριστοῦ ,, , ; τ . θελήματος αὐτοῦ , ; τ . εὐαγγελίον , ; τ . πίστεως ,, ; τ . εὐσεβείας , ;

(b) of particular truths, or details, of the Christian revelation : , , , , ; ; ; pl., τὰ μ ., ; ; θεοῦ , ; τ . βασιλείας τ . οὐρανῶν (θεοῦ ), , (cf. Westc., Eph., 180 ff.; AR, Eph., 234 ff.; Lft., Col., 165 f.; Hatch, Essays, 57 f.; DB, iii, 465 ff.; DCG, ii, 213 ff.).





Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For νυμφίος, ";bridegroom,"; see the late CPR I. 30.37 (vi/A.D.), and from the inscrr. Syll 615 ( = .3 1024).33 f. (c. B.C. 200) ὧν οἱ νυμφίοι θύ [ου ]σιν τῶν ἀρ [ν ]ῶν τῶι ἱερεῖ καὶ τῶι νυμφίωι γλῶσσα ἑκατέρωι, and the sepulchral inscr. Preisigke 10 Ἰοάνη Ἰοάνου νύμφιε ἄωρε πασίφιλε καὶ ἄλυπε χρηστὲ χαῖρε, ὡς (ἐτῶν) λ ̄.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
Frequency / Word / Parsing Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (27)NAS (27)HCS (28)
1 Corinthians5
2 Thessalonians1
1 Timothy2
1 Corinthians5
2 Thessalonians1
1 Timothy2
1 Corinthians6
2 Thessalonians1
1 Timothy2
List of Word Forms
μυστηρια μυστήρια μυστηριον μυστήριον μυστηριου μυστηρίου μυστηριω μυστηρίω μυστηρίῳ μυστηριων μυστηρίων musteria mustēria musterio mustēriō musterion mustērion mustēriōn musteriou mustēriou mysteria mystēria mystḗria mysterio mystēriō mysteríoi mystēríōi mysterion mysteríon mystērion mystēriōn mystēríōn mystḗrion mysteriou mysteríou mystēriou mystēríou

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