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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #3516 - νήπιος

Word Origin:
from an obsolete particle ne- (implying negation) and (2031)
Parts of Speech:
Word Definition  [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. an infant, little child
  2. a minor, not of age
  3. metaph. childish, untaught, unskilled
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2945 ‑ טַף (taf);   3243 ‑ יָנַק (yaw‑nak');   5290 ‑ נֹעַר (no'‑ar);   5768 ‑ עֹלָל (o‑lale', o‑lawl');   6612 ‑ פְּתָאִי (peth‑ee', peh'‑thee, peth‑aw‑ee');  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

νήπῐος, α (Sor. 1.7, al.), Ion. η, ον, also ος, ον Lyc. 638:


1. infant, child, freq. in Hom., νήπιον, οὔ πω εἰδόθ' ὁμοιίου πολέμοιο Il. 9.440; νήπια τέκνα 2.136, etc.; βρέφος ἔτ' ὄντα ν. E. Ion 1399, cf. Andr. 755, etc.; νηπίους ἔτι Id. Heracl. 956; τὸ ν. Pl. Ax. 366d; ἁρμόττουσα τοῖς ν. [πλαταγή] Arist. Pol. 1340b30; ἐκ νηπίου from a child, from infancy, [τὸ ἡδὺ] ἐκ ν. ἡμῖν συντέθραπται Id. EN 1105a2; ἐκ νηπίων Plb. 4.20.8; ἐκ ν. ἡλικίας PFlor. 36.5 (iv A.D.); infant in law, minor, ἐφ' ὅσον ὁ κληρονόμος ν. ἐστιν Galatians 4:1; of children up to puberty, αἱ τῶν ν. ἐκλάμψιες Hp. Epid. 6.1.4 (cf. Herophil. ap. Gal. 17(1).826); but of the foetus in its early stage, Hp. Aph. 4.1 (cf. Gal. 17(1).653).

2. less freq. of animals, Il. 2.311, 11.113; νήπια alone, the young of an animal, 17.134.

3. of plants, Thphr. HP 8.1.7.

II metaph.,

1. of the understanding, childish, silly, Od. 13.237; μέγα ν. Il. 16.46, cf. Od. 9.44; simply, without foresight, blind, Il. 22.445; ἀνὴρ ν. Heraclit. 79, cf. Emp. 11.1, Pi. P. 3.82, A. Pr. 443, Democr. 76, etc.; ν. ὃς.. γονέων ἐπιλάθεται S. El. 145 (lyr.); οὔτε πρὶν νήπιον, νῦν τ'.. μέγαν no child before and now full-grown (i.e. in mind), Id. OT 652 (lyr.); of words, νήπια βάζεις Pi. Fr. 157; ἀντιτείνειν νήπι' ἀντὶ νηπίων E. Med. 891; μηδὲν εἴπῃς ν. Ar. Nu. 105.

2. of bodily strength, like that of a child, βίη δέ τε ν. αὐτῶν Il. 11.561.

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 νήπιος, νήπια, νήπιον (from νή, an insep. neg. prefix (Latin nefas, nequam, nisi, etc. cf. Curtius, § 437), and ἔπος); as in Greek writers from Homer down,

a. an infant, little child: Matthew 21:16 (from Psalm 8:3); 1 Corinthians 13:11; the Sept. especially for עולֵל and עולָל.

b. a minor, not of age: Galatians 4:1 (cf. Lightfoot at the passage).

c. metaphorically, childish, untaught, unskilled (the Sept. for פְּתִי, Psalm 18:8 (Psalm 19:8>); Psalm 118:130 (Psalm 119:130>); Proverbs 1:32): Matthew 11:25; Luke 10:21; Romans 2:20; Galatians 4:3; Ephesians 4:14; opposed to τέλειοι, the more advanced in understanding and knowledge, Hebrews 5:13f. ( Philo de agric. § 2); νηπίοις ἐν Χριστῷ, in things pertaining to Christ, 1 Corinthians 3:1. In 1 Thessalonians 2:7 L WH (cf. the latter's note at the passage) have hastily received νήπιοι for the common reading ἤπιοι.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

νήπιος , -α , -ον ,

[in LXX chiefly for H5768, also for H6612, etc.;]

infant; of children and minors: (LXX), , (v. Lft., in l). Metaph., childish, unskilled, simple (, al.): , , , , , (WH, fox ἤπιοι ); opp. to τέλειος , ; ν . ἐν Χριστῷ , .





Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

This late Greek verb (cf. Lob. Phryn. p. 373), which in the NT is confined to 1 Timothy 5:14, occurs in the horoscopes P Oxy II. 235.16 (A.D. 20–50) οἰκοδεσποτεῖ Ἀφροδ [ίτη, P Lond 130.163 (i/ii A.D.) (= I. p. 137) δι᾽ ὃ οἰκοδεσποτήσει τὸ διάθεμα.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
Frequency / Word / Parsing Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (14)NAS (14)HCS (15)
1 Corinthians2
1 Corinthians2
1 Corinthians6
1 Thessalonians1
List of Word Forms
νήπια νήπιά νηπιοι νήπιοι νηπιοις νηπίοις νήπιον νηπιος νηπίος νήπιος νήπιός νηπιότητος νηπιότητός νηπιου νηπίου νηπίους νηπιων νηπίων nepioi nēpioi nḗpioi nepiois nepíois nēpiois nēpíois nepion nepíon nēpiōn nēpíōn nepios nēpios nḗpios nḗpiós nepiou nepíou nēpiou nēpíou
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