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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #3738 - ὀρχέομαι

Word Origin:
middle voice from orchos (a row or ring)
Parts of Speech:
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to dance
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 3769 ‑ כָּרַר (kaw‑rar');   6339 ‑ פָּזַז (paw‑zaz');   7540 ‑ רָקַד (raw‑kad');   7832 ‑ שָׂחַק (saw‑khak');  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


impf. ὠρχούμην: Ephesians 3:1-21 pl. pres. ὀρχεῦνται, impf. ὠρχεῦντο (v. infr.): fut. ὀρχήσομαι Ar. Th. 1178, etc.: aor. ὠρχησάμην Anacr. 69, Hdt. 6.129; inf. ὀρχήσασθαι Hom. (v. infr.): Pass., aor. ὠρχήθην Euph. 87:


1. dance, ἠΐθεοι καὶ παρθένοι.. ὠρχεῦντ' Il. 18.594; Ἅλιον καὶ Λαοδάμαντα κέλευσε μουνὰξ ὀρχήσασθαι Od. 8.371, cf. 14.465; πόσσ' ἁπαλοῖσιν ὀρχεῦνται Hes. Th. 4; ὀ. πρὸς ὅπλα, of the Pyrrhic dance, Demetr.Sceps. ap. Ath. 4.155b; ἐν ῥυθμῷ X. Cyr. 1.3.10; ὀρχεῖσθαι ταῖς χερσί (cf. χειρονομέω) Antiph. 113.1: c. acc. loci, δώσω τοι Τεγέην ποσσίκροτον ὀρχήσασθαι to dance in or on, Orac. ap. Hdt. 1.66, cf. Euph.l.c. (Pass.): also c. acc. cogn., Λακωνικὰ σχημάτια ὀρχεῖσθαι dance Laconian steps, Id. 6.129; ὀ. τὸ Περσικόν X. Cyr. 8.4.12; ὀ. πρὸς τὸν αὐλὸν σχήματα Id. Smp. 7.5; ὀ. τὸν ὅρμον Luc. Salt. II sq., etc.: Pass., τῶν ὕμνων οἳ μὲν ὠρχοῦντο οἳ δὲ οὐκ ὠρχοῦντο Ath. 14.631d.

2. represent by dancing or pantomime, ὀρχεῖσθαι τὴν τοῦ Κρόνου τεκνοφαγίαν, ὀ. τὸν Αἴαντα, Luc. Salt. 80, 83, cf. AP 9.248 (Boeth.), 11.254 (Lucill.).

II metaph., leap, bound, ὀρχεῖται δὲ καρδία φόβῳ A. Ch. 166, cf. Anaxandr. 59; Θεσσαλίη ὠρχήσατο Thessaly shook, trembled, Call. Del. 139.

III Act. ὀρχέω, make to dance (v. Pl. Cra. 407a), is used by Ion Trag. 50, ἐκ τῶν ἀέλπτων μᾶλλον ὤρχησεν φρένας made my heart leap (so codd. Ath., ὤρχησαι Nauck); but ὀρκῆσι in Ar. Th. 1179 is a barbarism for ὀρχῆται.

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 ὀρχέομαι, ὀρχοῦμαι: 1aorist ὠρχησαμην; (from χορός, by transposition ὄρχος; cf. ά῾ρπω, ἁρπάζω, and Latin rapio, μορφή and Latin forma; (but these supposed transpositions are extremely doubtful, cf. Curtius, § 189; Fick 4:207,167. Some connect ὀρχέομαι with the root, argh, 'to put in rapid motion'; cf. Vanicek, p. 59)); to dance: Matthew 11:17; Matthew 14:6; Mark 6:22; Luke 7:32. (From Homer down; the Sept. for רָקַד, 1 Chronicles 15:29; Sirach 3:4; 2 Samuel 6:21.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The NT has this word only in the phrase εἰς τὸ παντελές, Luke 13:11, Hebrews 7:25 : so in P Lond 1164 (f).11 (A.D. 212) (= III. p. 161) a man sells some property ἀπὸ τοῦ νῦν εἰς τὸ παντελές. This would support a temporal meaning in Heb l.c. ";to save finally,"; which suits well the πάντοτε that follows : so long as our Intercessor lives our σωτηρία is assured. Cf. Syll.3 489.11 (c. B.C. 234) τ ̣ο ̣, ν ̣ ἀγῶνα π ̣α ̣ντελῆ, where the reference is to an interrupted contest, which had been brought to an end, and OGIS 642.4 (end of ii/A.D.) τὸ μνημ (ε)ῖον. . . ἔκτισεν. . αὑτῷ τε καὶ υἱοῖς αὑτοῦ καὶ υἱωνοῖς εἰς τὸ παντελὲς αἰώνιον τειμήν. See also Preisigke 5357.7 ὅσα πρὸς ἀνατροπὴν παντελῆ ἄγει τὸν συνηγορούμενον. In Lk l.c. the meaning is like that of παντελῶς in P Lille I. 26.2 (iii/ B.C.) (= Witkowski.2, p. 49) αὐτὴ (sc. γῆ) μὲν οὖν ἐστιν παντελῶς ἀπηρ [γ ]μένη (";bare,"; ";uncultivated";), P Lond 42.27 (B.C. 168) (= I. p. 31, Selections, p. II) παντελῶς ἀηδίζομαι, ";I am utterly distressed,"; and P Oxy II. 281.11 (A.D. 20–50) παντελῶς ὄντα ἀνέγκλητον, ";being blameless in all respects"; : cf. ib. XII. 1469.4 (A.D. 298) παντελῶς διανύειν τὰ προσήκοντα, ";to accomplish in full our duties,"; and ib. IX. 1186.6 (iv/A.D.) οὐ μὴν κατὰ τὸ παντελὲς ἀπηγορευμένον, ";not entirely forbidden"; (Ed.).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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List of Word Forms
εκεί ορχησαμενης ορχησαμένης ὀρχησαμένης ορχήσασθαι ορχήσομαι ορχούμενον ορχουμένων ωρχησασθε ωρχήσασθε ὠρχήσασθε ωρχησατο ωρχήσατο ὠρχήσατο orchesamenes orchesaménes orchēsamenēs orchēsaménēs orchesasthe orchḗsasthe ōrchēsasthe ōrchḗsasthe orchesato orchḗsato ōrchēsato ōrchḗsato
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