ver. 2.0.14.11.01
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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #4383 - πρόσωπον

Transliteration:
prósōpon
Phonetics:
pros'-o-pon  
Word Origin:
from (4314) and ops (the visage, from (3700))
Parts of Speech:
Noun Neuter
TDNT:
6:768,950
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. the face
    1. the front of the human head
    2. countenance, look
      1. the face so far forth as it is the organ of sight, and by it various movements and changes) the index of the inward thoughts and feelings
    3. the appearance one presents by his wealth or property, his rank or low condition
      1. outward circumstances, external condition
      2. used in expressions which denote to regard the person in one's judgment and treatment of men
  2. the outward appearance of inanimate things
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 639 ‑ אַף (af);   649 ‑ אַפַּיִם (ap‑pah'‑yim);   4758 ‑ מַרְאֶה (mar‑eh');   5869 ‑ עַיִן (ah'‑yin);   5921 ‑ עַל (al);   6057 ‑ עָנָף (aw‑nawf');   6285 ‑ פֵּאָה (pay‑aw');   6310 ‑ פֶּה (peh);   6440 ‑ פָּנֶה (paw‑neem');   6440 ‑ פָּנֶה (paw‑neem');   6440 ‑ פָּנֶה (paw‑neem');   6440 ‑ פָּנֶה (paw‑neem');   6440 ‑ פָּנֶה (paw‑neem');   6441 ‑ פְּנִימָה (pen‑ee'‑maw);  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

πρόσωπον, τό: pl. πρόσωπα, Ep. ( Aeol. acc. to Sch. Il. 7.212 ) προσώπατα Od. 18.192, AP 5.230 ( Maced. ), Opp. C. 1.419, etc.; dat. προσώπασι Il. 7.212: a masc. nom. πρόσωπος is cited from Pl.Com. 250: face, countenance (cf. μέτωπον ), Hom., always in pl., even of a single person, Il. 7.212, 18.414, Od. 19.361, al. (exc. Il. 18.24 ), and so in Hes. Op. 594 (v.l. -πον ), S. Fr. 871.6 (v.infr.), El. 1277 (lyr.), OC 314, X. An. 2.6.11 (dub.), AP 9.322( Leon. ): sg. in h.Hom. 10.2, 31.12, and usu. in later writers; π. κλιθὲν προσώπῳ Simon. 37.12; εἰς π. βλέπειν E. Hipp. 280; ἐς π. τινὸς ἀφικέσθαι come before him, ib. 720; π. πρός τινα στρέφειν Id. Ph. 457; οὐκ ὄψεσθε τὸ π. μου LXX Genesis 43:3, cf. UPZ 70.5 (ii B.C.); κατὰ πρόσωπον in front, facing, Th. 1.106, X. Cyr. 1.6.43, etc.; τὴν κατὰ π. τῆς ἀντίας φάλαγγος τάξιν ib. 6.3.35; κατὰ π. Αἰγύπτου facing, fronting Egypt, LXX Genesis 25:18; opp. κατὰ νώτου, Plb. 1.28.9; κατὰ π. ἄγειν, opp. κατὰ κέρας ὑπεραίρειν, Id. 11.14.6, etc.; κατὰ π . in person, ἡ κατὰ π. ἔντευξις Plu. Caes. 17; κατὰ π. παραμυθήσασθαι, opp. διὰ τοῦ ψαφίσματος, IG 42(1).86.22 (Epid.); so κατὰ πρόσωπα Eudox. Ars 11.21; also πρὸς τὸ π . X. Cyn. 10.9; ἐπὶ προσώπου Ἰεριχώ in front of Jericho, LXX De. 34.1; ἔρρ' ἐκ προσώπου Herod. 8.59; ἀπὸ π. τῆς γῆς LXX Amos 9:8; βλέπειν εἰς π. τινός regard his countenance, Ev.Matthew 22:16 : usu. of the face of man or God, as λειτουργῶν τῷ π. Κυρίου LXX 1 Kings 2:11; οἱ ἄρτοι τοῦ π ., of shewbread, ib. 21.6: of the ibis, Hdt. 2.76; of dogs, ἀπὸ τῶν π. φαιδραί X. Cyn. 4.2; of horses, Arist. HA 631a5; of deer, ib. 579a2; of fish, Anaxandr. 30, 33.16; face of the moon, S. Fr. 871.6 (pl.), Plu. 2.920b: metaph., ἀργυρωθεῖσαι πρόσωπα . . ἀοιδαί Pi. I. 2.8 .

2. front, façade, Id. P. 6.14, cf. E. Ion 189 (lyr., pl.); κατὰ π. τοῦ ἱεροῦ, τῆς νεώς, PPetr. 3p.2 (iii B.C.), Ach.Tat. 3.1, 2; τιθέναι τὰς φιάλας ἐπὶ πρόσωπον Asclep.Myrl. ap. Ath. 11.501d .

II one's look, countenance, A. Ag. 639, 794 (anap., pl.), Eu. 990 (anap., pl.), etc.; οὐ τὸ σὸν δείσας π . S. OT 448: metaph., φαίνοισα π. Ἀλάθεια Pi. N. 5.17 .

2. Astrol., decan considered as the domain of a planet, ἐν ἰδίοις π . Vett.Val. 62.21, Paul. Al. C. 2.

III = προσωπεῖον, mask, D. 19.287 ( -εῖον is v.l.), Arist. Po. 1449a36, b4, Pr. 958a17, Dsc. 3.144 (v.l.), Poll. 2.47; π. ὑπάργυρον κατάχρυσον IG 12.276.6, cf. 42(1).102.58,68 (Epid., iv B.C. ), Clara Rhodos 6/7.428; ὀθόνινον π . prob. in Pl.Com. 142; π. περίθετον Aristomen. 5; of the Roman imagines, Plb. 6.53.5; bust or portrait, Sammelb. 5221, OGI 432.1 (Naksh-i-Rustam, iii A.D. ).

2. dramatic part, character, Phld. Rh. 1.199S., Arr. Epict. 1.29.45 and 57; κωφὸν π . Cic. Att. 13.19.3; character in a book, τὸ τῆς Ἑλλάδος ὄνομα καὶ π . Plb. 8.11.5; τὸ τοῦ Ὀδυσσέως π . Id. 12.27.10, cf. Phld. Po. 5.32; also ἀστοχεῖν τοῦ π ., of an author, Callisth. 44J.; ἐπὶ προσχήματι καὶ π. δικαστῶν Ael. Fr. 168 .

person, Phld. Rh. 1.52S. (pl.); ἀδίκως μὴ κρῖνε πρόσωπον Ps.-Phoc. 10; προσώπῳ, οὐ καρδίᾳ in person, in bodily presence, 1 Thessalonians 2:17, cf. 2 Corinthians 5:12; ποιεῖν or πληροῦν τὸ π. τινός to represent a person, PRein. 56.30 (iv A.D.), Sammelb. 6000ii 12 (vi A.D.); λαμβάνειν π. τινός admit a person to one's presence, εἰ προσδέξεταί σε, εἰ λήψεται πρόσωπόν σου LXX Ma. 1.8; hence, = προσωποληπτεῖν, Ev.Luke 20:21, Ep.Galatians 2:6; μὴ ἀποστρέψῃς τὸ π. μου, i.e. do not reject my prayer, LXX 1 Kings 2:20; θαυμάσαι π. ἀσεβοῦς ib. Proverbs 18:5; ὁ θεὸς ὁ μέγας . ., ὅστις οὐ θαυμάζει π. οὐδὲ οὐ μὴ λάβῃ δῶρον ib. De. 10.17 .

2. legal personality, Bion Borysth. ap. D.L. 4.46 .

3. Gramm., person, D.T. 638.4, A.D. Pron. 3.12, etc.; γυναικεῖα π . Alex.Trall. 2 .

4. π. πόλεως a feature of the city, of a person, Cic. Fam. 15.17.2 .

5. f.l.in Zeno Stoic. 1.23 (cf. Nicol. Prog. p.4 F.).

Frequency / Word / Parsing Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (78)NAS (73)HCS (70)
Matthew10
Mark3
Luke15
Acts11
1 Corinthians2
2 Corinthians11
Galatians3
Colossians1
1 Thessalonians2
2 Thessalonians1
Hebrews1
James2
1 Peter1
Jude1
Revelation9
Matthew9
Mark1
Luke10
Acts11
1 Corinthians2
2 Corinthians11
Galatians3
Colossians1
1 Thessalonians2
2 Thessalonians1
Hebrews1
James2
1 Peter1
Jude1
Revelation9
Matthew10
Mark2
Luke11
Acts11
1 Corinthians3
2 Corinthians10
Galatians3
Colossians1
1 Thessalonians3
2 Thessalonians1
Hebrews1
James2
1 Peter1
Jude1
Revelation10
List of Word Forms
προσωπα πρόσωπα πρόσωπά προσώποις προσωπον προσώπον πρόσωπον πρόσωπόν προσωπου προσώπου πρόσωπου προσωπω προσώπω προσώπῳ προσωπων προσώπων πρόωσπον prosopa prosōpa prósopa prósōpa prosopo prosōpō prosṓpoi prosṓpōi prosopon prosōpon prosōpōn prosṓpon prosṓpōn prósopon prósopón prósōpon prósōpón prosopou prosōpou prosṓpou
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