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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #4456 - πωρόω

Word Origin:
apparently from poros (a kind of stone)
Parts of Speech:
Word Definition  [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to cover with a thick skin, to harden by covering with a callus
  2. metaph.
    1. to make the heart dull
    2. to grow hard, callous, become dull, lose the power of understanding
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 3543 ‑ כָּהָה (kaw‑haw');  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


( πῶρος )

petrify, λίθος πεπωρωμένος Ael. NA 10.13 .

II cause a stone or callus to form: Pass., of a stone forming in the bladder, Hp. Aër. 9.

2. unite fractured bones by a callus, Id. Fract. 47 ( Pass. ), Dsc. 1.70,84: Pass., become hard, Arist. Aud. 802b8, Thphr. HP 4.15.2; become thickened, coagulated, Hp. Steril. 222.

III in Pass., become insensible, of the flesh, ὑπὸ τῆς πεπωρωμένης ἐκ τοῦ στέατος σαρκός Nymphis 16: metaph., become insensible, obtuse, or blind, of the heart, Ev.Mark 6:52, Ev.Mark 8:17, Ep.Romans 11:7; πεπώρωνται γὰρ ἀπὸ ὀργῆς οἱ ὀφθαλμοί μου LXX Job 17:7 .

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 πωρόω, πώρω: 1aorist ἐπωρωσα ( John 12:40 T Tr WH); perfect πεπώρωκα; perfect passive participle πεπωρωμενος; 1aorist passive ἐπωρωθην; (πῶρος, hard skin, a hardening, induration); to cover with a thick skin, to harden by covering with a callus ( R. V. everywhere simply to harden): metaphorically, καρδίαν, to make the heart dull, John 12:40; passive, to grow hard or callous, become dull, lose the power of understanding: Romans 11:7; τά νοήματα, 2 Corinthians 3:14; καρδία, Mark 6:52; Mark 8:17. Cf. Fritzsche, Commentary on Mark , p. 78f; on Romans , ii., p. 451f. (( Hippocrates (), Aristotle, others.))

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

πωρόω , -

(< πῶρος , 1. a stone. 2. a callus),

[in LXX: B (H3543), A *;]

to petrify, harden, form a callus. Metaph., Papyri τ . καρδίαν , . Pass., ; τ . νοήματα , ; ἡ καρδία , ;





Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";sard"; (Revelation 4:3; Revelation 21:20), a red stone, perhaps the ";cornelian"; : cf. Syll 588.3 (c. B.C. 180) δακτὐλιον χρυσοῦν σάρδιον.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
Frequency / Word / Parsing Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (5)NAS (5)HCS (5)
2 Corinthians1
2 Corinthians1
2 Corinthians1
List of Word Forms
επωρωθη επωρώθη ἐπωρώθη επωρωθησαν επωρώθησαν ἐπωρώθησαν επωρωσεν ἐπώρωσεν πεπώρωκεν πεπωρωμενη πεπωρωμένη πεπωρωμενην πεπωρωμένην πεπώρωνται eporosen epōrōsen epṓrosen epṓrōsen eporothe eporṓthe epōrōthē epōrṓthē eporothesan eporṓthesan epōrōthēsan epōrṓthēsan peporomene peporoméne pepōrōmenē pepōrōménē peporomenen peporoménen pepōrōmenēn pepōrōménēn

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