ver. 2.0.14.09.01
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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #4570 - σβέννυμι

Transliteration:
sb
Phonetics:
sben'-noo-mee  
Word Origin:
a prolonged form of an apparently primary verb
Parts of Speech:
Verb
TDNT:
7:165,1009
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to extinguish, quench
    1. of fire or things on fire
      1. to be quenched, to go out
    2. metaph. to quench, to suppress, stifle
      1. of divine influence
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1846 ‑ דָּעַךְ (daw‑ak');   3554 ‑ כָּוָה (kaw‑vaw');   5218 ‑ נָכָא (naw‑kay', naw‑kaw');  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

σβέννῡμι, Hdt. 2.66, Pl. Lg. 835e, etc.; σβεννύω, Pi. P. 1.5, Hp. Acut. 54, Thphr. Ign. 19, etc.: impf. ἐσβέννυον Paus. 4.21.4: fut. σβέσω App BC 2.68, ( κατα- ) A. Ag. 958, E. IT 633; Ep. σβέσσω Orac. ap. Hdt. 8.77, Theoc. 23.26: aor. ἔσβεσα Il. 16.293 (tm.), S. Aj. 1057, Ar. Av. 778 (lyr.); Ep. inf. σβέσσαι Il. 16.621; Ion. inf. κατα-ς βῶσαι Herod. 5.39: pf. and aor. 2, v. infr.: Med., fut. σβήσομαι ( ἀπο- ) Pl. Lg. 805c: aor. σβέσαντο Q.S. 1.795: Pass., Hes. Op. 590: fut. σβεσθήσομαι Gal. 7.17: aor. ἐσβέσθην Hp. Acut. ( Sp. ) 26, ( κατ- ) X. HG 5.3.8; Ep. συν-έσβετο Opp. H. 2.477, etc.: pf. ἔσβεσμαι Longin. 21.1, Ael. NA 9.54, etc., ( ἀπ- ) Hp. Int. 43: besides these, aor. 2 and pf. and plpf. Act. are used intr., ἔσβην Il. 9.471, ( ἀπ- ) E. Fr. 971, ( κατ- ) Hdt. 4.5; imper. σβῆτε (trans.) Sophr. in Stud.Ital. 10.123; part. ἀπο-σβείς Hp. Epid. 4.31: pf. ἔσβηκα ( ἀπ- ) X. Cyr. 8.8.13, ( κατ- ) A. Ag. 888: plpf. ἐσβήκει ( ἀπ- ) Pl. Smp. 218b: quench, put out, used by Hom. in the literal sense only in compd. κατα-σβέννυμι (q.v.); ς. τὸ καιόμενον Hdt. 2.66; κεραυνόν Pi. P. 1.6; φλόγα Th. 2.77, A.R. 4.668 .

2. of liquids, dry up, ἡ Μηδικὴ πόα ς. τὸ γάλα Arist. HA 522b25, cf. AP 9.549 ( Antiphil. ).

3. generally and metaph., quench, quell, check, κεῖνός γ' οὐκ ἐθέλει σβέσσαι χόλον Il. 9.678; ἀνθρώπων σβέσσαι μένος 16.621; ὕβριν Simon. ( 132 ) ap. Hdt. 5.77, cf. Orac. ap. eund. 8.77, Heraclit. 43, Pl. Lg. 835e; εἰ μὴ θεῶν τις τήνδε πεῖραν ἔσβεσεν S. Aj. 1057; ὡς φόνῳ σβέσῃ φόνον E. HF 40; ἔσβεσε κύματα νήνεμος αἴθρη Ar. Av. 778; ς. αὔξην καὶ ἐπιρροήν Pl. Lg. 783b; τὸν θυμόν ib. 888a; καῦμα (in the bowels) Hp. Acut. 54; ὁ βορέας ς. τὴν θερμότητα Arist. Mete. 347b4; λιθάργυρον ὄξει ἢ οἴνῳ ς . cooling it, Dsc. 5.87; ὕδατι δίψαν ς . A.R. 3.1349; ς. τυραννίδα Epigr. ap. Plu. Lyc. 20; κλέος AP 9.104 ( Alph. ); Ἑλλάδα φωνήν ib. 451; regard as extinguishable, ταύτας τὰς δυνάμεις Plot. 6.4.10 .

II Pass. σβέννυμαι (with intr. tenses of Act., v. supr.), to be quenched, go out, of fire, οὐδέ ποτ' ἔσβη πῦρ Il. 9.471; of inflamed pustules, go down, disappear, Hp. Acut. ( Sp. ) 26; ἰχθύων . . ᾠὰ μετὰ ἁλῶν σβεσθέντα (s.v.l.) καὶ ἐποπτηθέντα Diph.Siph. ap. Ath. 3.121c: metaph. of men, become extinct, die, AP 7.20 ( Simon. ?); of a city, ib. 9.178 ( Antiphil. ).

2. of liquids, run dry, γάλα Arist. HA 587b28; πηγαί AP 9.128; αἷμα Plu. 2.49d; αἶγες σβεννύμεναι goats which are going off their milk, Hes. Op. 590 .

3. generally, to be quelled or lulled, of wind, οὐδέ ποτ' ἔσβη οὖρος Od. 3.182; of sound, σβέννυτο θωρήκων ἐνοπή Tryph. 10: metaph., τὸ μάχιμον σβεννύμενον ὑπὸ γήρως Plu. Pomp. 8; ἐσβέσθη Νίκανδρος his charm is quenched, AP 12.39; of an orator, D.H. Pomp. 4; ἐσβέσθη τὰ φίλτρα AP 7.221, cf. Philostr. VA 1.33, Longin. 21.1; of legal proceedings, to be cancelled, διὰ τὸ ἐσβέσθαι πᾶν σπέρμα δίκης PMonac. 1.43 (vi A.D.) . (I.- E. zg[uglide]es-, cf. ζείναμεν· σβέννυμεν, Hsch., Lith. gèsti 'to be extinguished'.)

Frequency / Word / Parsing Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
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List of Word Forms
εσβεσαν έσβεσαν ἔσβεσαν έσβεσε εσβέσθη εσβέσθησαν εσβεσμένον σβεννυνται σβέννυνται σβεννυται σβέννυται σβεννυτε σβέννυτε σβεσαι σβέσαι σβεσει σβέσει σβέσης σβεσθήναί σβεσθήσεται σβέσον σβέσων esbesan ésbesan sbennuntai sbennutai sbennute sbennyntai sbénnyntai sbennytai sbénnytai sbennyte sbénnyte sbesai sbésai sbesei sbései
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