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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #4570 - σβέννυμι

Word Origin:
a prolonged form of an apparently primary verb
Parts of Speech:
Word Definition  [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to extinguish, quench
    1. of fire or things on fire
      1. to be quenched, to go out
    2. metaph. to quench, to suppress, stifle
      1. of divine influence
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1846 ‑ דָּעַךְ (daw‑ak');   3554 ‑ כָּוָה (kaw‑vaw');   5218 ‑ נָכָא (naw‑kay', naw‑kaw');  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

σβέννῡμι, Hdt. 2.66, Pl. Lg. 835e, etc.; σβεννύω, Pi. P. 1.5, Hp. Acut. 54, Thphr. Ign. 19, etc.: impf. ἐσβέννυον Paus. 4.21.4: fut. σβέσω App BC 2.68, ( κατα- ) A. Ag. 958, E. IT 633; Ep. σβέσσω Orac. ap. Hdt. 8.77, Theoc. 23.26: aor. ἔσβεσα Il. 16.293 (tm.), S. Aj. 1057, Ar. Av. 778 (lyr.); Ep. inf. σβέσσαι Il. 16.621; Ion. inf. κατα-ς βῶσαι Herod. 5.39: pf. and aor. 2, v. infr.: Med., fut. σβήσομαι ( ἀπο- ) Pl. Lg. 805c: aor. σβέσαντο Q.S. 1.795: Pass., Hes. Op. 590: fut. σβεσθήσομαι Gal. 7.17: aor. ἐσβέσθην Hp. Acut. ( Sp. ) 26, ( κατ- ) X. HG 5.3.8; Ep. συν-έσβετο Opp. H. 2.477, etc.: pf. ἔσβεσμαι Longin. 21.1, Ael. NA 9.54, etc., ( ἀπ- ) Hp. Int. 43: besides these, aor. 2 and pf. and plpf. Act. are used intr., ἔσβην Il. 9.471, ( ἀπ- ) E. Fr. 971, ( κατ- ) Hdt. 4.5; imper. σβῆτε (trans.) Sophr. in Stud.Ital. 10.123; part. ἀπο-σβείς Hp. Epid. 4.31: pf. ἔσβηκα ( ἀπ- ) X. Cyr. 8.8.13, ( κατ- ) A. Ag. 888: plpf. ἐσβήκει ( ἀπ- ) Pl. Smp. 218b: quench, put out, used by Hom. in the literal sense only in compd. κατα-σβέννυμι (q.v.); ς. τὸ καιόμενον Hdt. 2.66; κεραυνόν Pi. P. 1.6; φλόγα Th. 2.77, A.R. 4.668 .

2. of liquids, dry up, ἡ Μηδικὴ πόα ς. τὸ γάλα Arist. HA 522b25, cf. AP 9.549 ( Antiphil. ).

3. generally and metaph., quench, quell, check, κεῖνός γ' οὐκ ἐθέλει σβέσσαι χόλον Il. 9.678; ἀνθρώπων σβέσσαι μένος 16.621; ὕβριν Simon. ( 132 ) ap. Hdt. 5.77, cf. Orac. ap. eund. 8.77, Heraclit. 43, Pl. Lg. 835e; εἰ μὴ θεῶν τις τήνδε πεῖραν ἔσβεσεν S. Aj. 1057; ὡς φόνῳ σβέσῃ φόνον E. HF 40; ἔσβεσε κύματα νήνεμος αἴθρη Ar. Av. 778; ς. αὔξην καὶ ἐπιρροήν Pl. Lg. 783b; τὸν θυμόν ib. 888a; καῦμα (in the bowels) Hp. Acut. 54; ὁ βορέας ς. τὴν θερμότητα Arist. Mete. 347b4; λιθάργυρον ὄξει ἢ οἴνῳ ς . cooling it, Dsc. 5.87; ὕδατι δίψαν ς . A.R. 3.1349; ς. τυραννίδα Epigr. ap. Plu. Lyc. 20; κλέος AP 9.104 ( Alph. ); Ἑλλάδα φωνήν ib. 451; regard as extinguishable, ταύτας τὰς δυνάμεις Plot. 6.4.10 .

II Pass. σβέννυμαι (with intr. tenses of Act., v. supr.), to be quenched, go out, of fire, οὐδέ ποτ' ἔσβη πῦρ Il. 9.471; of inflamed pustules, go down, disappear, Hp. Acut. ( Sp. ) 26; ἰχθύων . . ᾠὰ μετὰ ἁλῶν σβεσθέντα (s.v.l.) καὶ ἐποπτηθέντα Diph.Siph. ap. Ath. 3.121c: metaph. of men, become extinct, die, AP 7.20 ( Simon. ?); of a city, ib. 9.178 ( Antiphil. ).

2. of liquids, run dry, γάλα Arist. HA 587b28; πηγαί AP 9.128; αἷμα Plu. 2.49d; αἶγες σβεννύμεναι goats which are going off their milk, Hes. Op. 590 .

3. generally, to be quelled or lulled, of wind, οὐδέ ποτ' ἔσβη οὖρος Od. 3.182; of sound, σβέννυτο θωρήκων ἐνοπή Tryph. 10: metaph., τὸ μάχιμον σβεννύμενον ὑπὸ γήρως Plu. Pomp. 8; ἐσβέσθη Νίκανδρος his charm is quenched, AP 12.39; of an orator, D.H. Pomp. 4; ἐσβέσθη τὰ φίλτρα AP 7.221, cf. Philostr. VA 1.33, Longin. 21.1; of legal proceedings, to be cancelled, διὰ τὸ ἐσβέσθαι πᾶν σπέρμα δίκης PMonac. 1.43 (vi A.D.) . (I.- E. zg[uglide]es-, cf. ζείναμεν· σβέννυμεν, Hsch., Lith. gèsti 'to be extinguished'.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 ζβέννυμι, see σβέννυμι and under the word Sigma.

σβέννυμι (ζβέννυμι, 1 Thessalonians 5:19 Tdf. (cf. Sigma)) and (in classics) σβεννύω; future σβέσω; 1aorist ἐσβεσα; passive, present σβεννυμαι; from Homer down; the Sept. for כִּבָּה and דָּעַך, to extinguish, quench;

a. properly: τί, fire or things on fire, Matthew 12:20; Ephesians 6:16; Hebrews 11:34; passive (the Sept. for כָּבָה), to be quenched, to go out: Matthew 25:8; Mark 9:44,46 (both which vss. T WH omit; Tr brackets), 48.

b. metaphorically, to quench, i. e. to suppress, stifle: τό πνεῦμα, divine influence, 1 Thessalonians 5:19 (ἀγάπην, Song of Solomon 8:7; τά πάθη, 4 Maccabees 16:4; χόλον, Homer, Iliad 9,678; ὕβριν, Plato, legg. 8,835d.; τόν θυμόν, ibid. 10,888a.).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

σβέννυμι ,

[in LXX chiefly for H3518;]

of fire or things on fire, to quench: c. acc, , , ; pass., , , [44, 46]. Metaph. (cf. , ): τὸ πνεῦμα , .

ζβέννυμι , for σβ -, T (v. WH, Notes, 148).





Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For the declension of this place-name see Thackeray Gr. i. p. 68. It may be noted that the wall-scratchings Sodoma, Gomora in Pompeii (see A. Mau Pompeji in Leben und Kunst, Leipzig, 1900, p. 15 : Engl. Tr. p. 17) may be taken as a trace of Christianity in that town, as well as a prophecy of its end : cf. Nestle ZNTW v. (1904), p. 167 f.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
Frequency / Word / Parsing Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (8)NAS (8)HCS (6)
1 Thessalonians1
1 Thessalonians1
1 Thessalonians1
List of Word Forms
εσβεσαν έσβεσαν ἔσβεσαν έσβεσε εσβέσθη εσβέσθησαν εσβεσμένον σβεννυνται σβέννυνται σβεννυται σβέννυται σβεννυτε σβέννυτε σβεσαι σβέσαι σβεσει σβέσει σβέσης σβεσθήναί σβεσθήσεται σβέσον σβέσων esbesan ésbesan sbennuntai sbennutai sbennute sbennyntai sbénnyntai sbennytai sbénnytai sbennyte sbénnyte sbesai sbésai sbesei sbései

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