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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #4835 - συμπαθής

Word Origin:
from (4841)
Parts of Speech:
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. suffering or feeling the like with another, sympathetic
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 57 ‑ אָבֵל (aw‑bale');  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

συμπαθ-ής, ές, affected by like feelings, sympathetic, οὐδεὶς ὁμαίμου -έστερος φίλος Pl.Com. 192; ς. ἐστιν ὁ ἀκροατὴς τῷ ᾄδοντι Arist. Pr. 921a36, cf. Pol. 1340a13; πρὸς τὰ γεννηθέντα συμπαθέστεραι μᾶλλον αἱ μητέρες γίνονται [τῶν τιτθῶν ] Sor. 1.87, cf. 88.

2. exerting mutual influence, interacting, ἡ ψυχὴ καὶ τὸ σῶμα συμπαθῆ Arist. Phgn. 808b19, cf. Epicur. Ephesians 1 p.20U.; νεῦρα ἀλλήλοις ς. AP 11.352 (Agath.); sensitive to influence, τὸ ἐν τῇ καρδίᾳ θερμόν.. -έστατον Arist. PA 653b6, cf. Thphr. CP 1.7.4; of the members of an organism, Hp. Alim. 23, Plot. 4.5.8; ὁ κόσμος σύμπνους καὶ ς. αὐτὸς αὑτῷ Chrysipp.Stoic. 2.264; exciting sympathy, χερῶν ς. ὑπτιασμός Phld. Rh. 1.52 S., cf. D.H. 2.45: Sup., PHerc. 176p.39V.

3. of planets, in concord, Vett.Val. 37.14; defined by Serapio in Cat.Cod.Astr. 8(4).226.

II Adv. -θῶς sympathetically, Phld. Lib. p.37 O., Cic. Att. 12.44.1; τῇ σελήνῃ Str. 3.5.8; ς. ἔχειν πρός τινα J. AJ 7.10.5; -έστερον ἐρᾶσθαι Arist. Mir. 846b9, cf. Plu. 2.3c; -έστατα IG 12(2).58b33 (Mytil., 1 B.C.).

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 συμπαθής, συμπαθες (σύν and πάσχω), suffering or feeling the like with another, sympathetic: 1 Peter 3:8, cf. Romans 12:15. ( Aristotle, Theophrastus, others.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The nearest parallel we can give to the NT usage ";briefly"; in Acts 24:4 occurs in an astronomical treatise published in the Rylands papyri, I. 27.32 (iii/A.D.) ἄλλως συντομώτερον ἀπὸ ἀρχῆς, ";another shorter way, starting from the beginning"; (Edd.). But cf. the adj. in a rhetorical fragment of iii/A.D., PSI I. 85.2 ἀπομνημόνευμα σύντομον ἐπὶ προσώπου τινὸς ἐπενετόν, also 8, 14, and the subst. in P Leid V x. 6 (iii/iv A.D.) (= II. p. 33) διὰ πάσης συνστομίας (l. συντομίας), ";omni brevitate.";

The reference of the word to time ";quickly,"; ";at once,"; is common : —P Cairo Zen II. 59201.2 (B.C. 254) Ἀπολλώνιον τὸν ἐργολάβον (";contractor";) ἀποστελοῦμεν πρὸς σὲ συντόμ [ως, P Amh II. 37.11 (B.C. 196 or 172) παραγενήσ ]ομαι συντόμως, and BGU III. 824.15 (A.D. 55–56) παράβαλε οὖν ἐκεῖ, εἵνα συντόμως αὐτὸ ποιήσῃ καὶ καλόν. Cf. P Cairo Zen I. 59028.8 (B.C. 258) ὅτι συντομώτατα, and P Grenf II. 94.2, .4 (vi/vii A.D.) διὰ συντόμου.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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1 Peter1
List of Word Forms
συμπαθεις συμπαθείς συμπαθεῖς sumpatheis sympatheis sympatheîs
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