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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #5101 - τίς

Transliteration:
tís
Phonetics:
tis  
Word Origin:
probably emphat. of (5100)
Parts of Speech:
pronoun
TDNT:
None
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. who, which, what
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 349 ‑ אֵיכָכָה (ake, ay‑kaw', ay‑kaw'‑kah);   639 ‑ אַף (af);   834 ‑ אֲשֶׁר (ash‑er');   834 ‑ אֲשֶׁר (ash‑er');   1116 ‑ בּוּם (baw‑maw');   2009 ‑ הִנֵּה (hin‑nay');   2088 ‑ זֶה (zeh);   3642 ‑ כָּמַהּ (kaw‑mah');   4069 ‑ מַדֻּעַ (mad‑doo'‑ah, mad‑doo'‑ah);   4100 ‑ מֶה (maw, mah, maw, mah, meh);   4100 ‑ מֶה (maw, mah, maw, mah, meh);   4100 ‑ מֶה (maw, mah, maw, mah, meh);   4100 ‑ מֶה (maw, mah, maw, mah, meh);   4310 ‑ מִי (me);   5704 ‑ עַד (ad);   6030 ‑ עָנָה (aw‑naw');  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

τις

Probably emphatic of G5100

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 τίς, neuter τί, genitive τίνος, interrogative pronoun (from Homer down);

1. who, which, what? the Sept. τίς for מִי, τί for מָה;

a. used adjectivally, in a direct question: τίς βασιλεύς, Luke 14:31; τίς γυνή, Luke 15:8; τί περισσόν, Matthew 5:47; τί σημεῖον, John 2:18, and many other passages. in an indirect question, 1 Thessalonians 4:2, etc.; τινα ποῖον καιρόν, 1 Peter 1:11; used instead of a predicate in a direct question, τίς (namely, ἐστιν) αἰτία, Acts 10:21; τίς καί ποταπή γυνή, Luke 7:39; add, Romans 3:1; 1 Corinthians 9:18, etc.; neuter, Matthew 24:3; Mark 5:9; in an indirect question with the optative, Luke 8:9; τίς followed by ἄν, John 13:24 R G; Acts 21:33 ( R G); τί with the optative, Luke 15:26 ( Tr WH add ἄν, so L brackets); Luke 18:36 ( L brackets Tr brackets WH marginal reading add ἄν); with the indicative, Ephesians 1:18;

b. used alone or Substantively: in a direct question, τίς ὑπέδειξεν ὑμῖν φυγεῖν; Matthew 3:7; Luke 3:7; Revelation 18:18, etc.; τίνος, Matthew 22:20,28; Mark 12:10; τίνι, Luke 13:18; τινα, John 18:4,7; τί θέλετε μοι δοῦναι; Matthew 26:15; τί in an indirect question, followed by the indicative, Matthew 6:3; John 13:12; 1 Corinthians 14:16; Revelation 2:7,11, 17, and very often; followed by the aorist subjunctive, Matthew 6:25; Luke 12:11, etc.; followed by the optative with ἄν, Luke 1:62; Luke 6:11, etc. Emphatic words get prominence by being placed before the pronoun ( Buttmann, § 151,16): ὑμεῖς δέ τινα με λέγετε εἶναι, Matthew 16:15; Mark 8:29; Luke 9:20; καί ἡμεῖς τί ποιήσομεν (or ποιήσωμεν), Luke 3:14; οὗτος δέ τί, John 21:21 (cf.

e. β.); add, John 1:19; John 8:5; John 9:17; Acts 19:15; Romans 9:19b (cf. Winer's Grammar, 274 (257)),Romans 9:20>; Romans 14:4,10>; Ephesians 4:9; James 4:12; examples from Greek writings are given in Passow, p. 1908b; (Liddell and Scott, under the word, B. I:1b.). A question is often asked by τίς as the leading word, when the answer expected is no one: Acts 8:33; Romans 7:24; Romans 8:33; Romans 9:19; Romans 10:16; Romans 11:34; 1 Corinthians 9:7; 2 Corinthians 11:29; Hebrews 1:5,13. τίς εἰ μή, who ... save (or but) (i. e. no one but), Mark 2:7; Luke 5:21; Romans 11:15; 1 Corinthians 2:11; Hebrews 3:18; 1 John 2:22; 1 John 5:5.

c. two questions are blended into one: τίς τί ἄρῃ, what each should take, Mark 15:24; τίς τί διεπραγματεύσατο, Luke 19:15 (not Tr WH); ἐγώ δέ τίς ἤμην δυνατός κωλῦσαι τόν Θεόν; who was I? was I able to withstand God? Acts 11:17; cf. Winer s Grammar, § 66,5, 3; Passow, p. 1909{a}; Ast, Platonic Lexicon, iii., p. 394; Franz V. Fritzsche, Index ad Lucian, dial. deor., p. 164; the same construction occurs in Latin writings; cf. Ramshorn, Latin Gram., p. 567. τίς is joined with conjunctions: καί τίς, Mark 10:26; Luke 10:29; Luke 18:26; Revelation 6:17 (see καί, I:2g.); τίς ἄρα, see ἄρα, 1; τίς οὖν, Luke 10:36 (here T WH omit; L Tr brackets οὖν); 1 Corinthians 9:18. τίς with a partitive genitive: Matthew 22:28; Mark 12:23; Luke 10:36; Acts 7:52; Hebrews 1:5,13; with ἐκ and a genitive of the class, Matthew 6:27; Luke 14:28; John 8:46; in an indirect question with the optative, Luke 22:23 (cf. Winer's Grammar, § 41b. 4c.); with ἄν added, Luke 9:46.

d. in indirect questions the neuter article is sometimes placed before the pronouns τίς and τί; see , II:10a. e. Respecting the neuter τί the following particulars may be noted: α. τί οὗτοι σου καταμαρτυροῦσιν; a condensed expression for τί τοῦτο ἐστιν, οὗτοι σου καταμαρτυροῦσιν; Matthew 26:62; Mark 14:60 ( Buttmann, 251 (216) explains this expression differently); also τί τοῦτο ἀκούω περί σου; (( R. V.)) what is this (that) I hear of thee? (unless preference be given to the rendering, 'why do I hear this of thee' (see under β. below)), Luke 16:2; cf. Bornemann at the passage; ( Winer's Grammar, § 66,5, 3). β. τί πρός ἡμᾶς; namely, ἐστιν, what is that to us? ( Winer s Grammar, 586 (545); Buttmann, 138 (121)), Matthew 27:4; John 21:22; τί ἐμοί καί σοι; see ἐγώ, 4; τί μοι etc. what have I to do with etc. 1 Corinthians 5:12; τί σοι or ὑμῖν δοκεῖ; ( what thinkest thou etc.), Matthew 17:25; Matthew 22:17,42; Matthew 26:66; John 11:56 (here before ὅτι supply in thought δοκεῖ ὑμῖν, to introduce a second question ( R. V. What think ye? That he will not come etc.)). τί θέλεις; and τί θέλετε; followed by a subjunctive, our what wilt thou (that) I should etc.: Matthew 20:32 (here Lachmann brackets inserts ἵνα); Mark 10:51; Mark 15:12 ( WH omits; Tr brackets θέλετε); Luke 18:41; 1 Corinthians 4:21; τί with the deliberative subjunctive: Matthew 6:31; Matthew 27:22; Mark 4:30 (here L marginal reading T Tr text WH πῶς); Luke 12:17; Luke 13:18; John 12:27; τί followed by a future: Acts 4:16 (where Lachmann's stereotyped edition; T Tr WH ποιήσωμεν); 1 Corinthians 15:29; τί (namely, ἐστιν ( Buttmann, 358 (307); Winer's Grammar, § 64,2a.)) ὅτι etc., how is it that, etc. i. e. why etc., Mark 2:16 R G L; Luke 2:49; Acts 5:4,9; τί γέγονεν, ὅτι etc. ( R. V. what is come to pass that etc.), John 14:22; οὗτος δέ τί (namely, ἔσται or γενήσεται ( Winer s Grammar, 586 (546); Buttmann, 394 (338))), what will be his lot? John 21:21 (cf. Acts 12:18 τί ἄρα Πέτρος ἐγένετο; Xenophon, Hell. 2,3, 17 τί ἐσοιτο πολιτεία). τί equivalent to διά τί, why? wherefore? ( Matthiae, § 488,8; Krüger, § 46,3Anm. 4; ( Winer's Grammar, § 21,3 N. 2)): Matthew 6:28; Matthew 7:3; Mark 2:7; Mark 11:3; Luke 2:48; Luke 6:41; Luke 12:57; Luke 24:38; John 7:19; John 18:23; Acts 14:15; Acts 26:8; Romans 3:7; Romans 9:19; 1 Corinthians 4:7; 1 Corinthians 10:30; 1 Corinthians 15:29; Galatians 3:19; Galatians 5:11; Colossians 2:20, and often. ἵνα τί or ἱνατί, see under the word, p. 305a. διά τί (or διατί (see διά, B. II:2a., p. 134 b)), why? wherefore? Matthew 9:11,14; Matthew 13:10; Mark 7:5; Mark 11:31; Luke 19:23,31; John 7:45; John 13:37; Acts 5:3; 1 Corinthians 6:7; 2 Corinthians 11:11; Revelation 17:7, and often. εἰς τί, to what? to what end? to what purpose? Matthew 14:31; Matthew 26:8; Mark 14:4; Mark 15:34 ( Wisdom of Solomon 4:17; Sirach 39:21). τί οὖν, etc. why then, etc.: Matthew 17:10; Matthew 19:7; Matthew 27:22; Mark 12:9; Luke 20:15; John 1:25; see also in οὖν, b. α.; τί οὖν ἐροῦμεν, see ibid. τί γάρ; see γάρ, II:5. γ. Hebraistically for מָה, how, how greatly, how much, with adjectives and verbs in exclamations ( Winer s Grammar, § 21 N. 3; cf. Buttmann, 254 (218)): Matthew 7:14 G L Tr; Luke 12:49 (on this see εἰ, I:4 at the end), ( Psalm 3:2; 2 Samuel 6:20; Song of Solomon 1:10; τί πολύ τό ἀγαθόν σου; Symm. Psalm 30:19).

2. equivalent to πότερος, ποτερα, πότερον, whether of two, which of the two: Matthew 21:31; Matthew 23:17 (here L τί; see below); Matthew 27:17,21>; Luke 22:27; neuter τί, Matthew 9:5; (Matthew 23:17> Lachmann, Matthew 23:19>); Mark 2:9; Luke 5:23; Philippians 1:22; cf. Ast, Platonic Lexicon, iii., p. 394 Matthiae, § 488,4; Winer's Grammar, 169 (159).

3. equivalent to ποῖος, ποίᾳ, ποῖον, of what sort, what (kind): Mark 1:27; Mark 6:2; Luke 4:36; Luke 8:9; Luke 24:17; John 7:36; Acts 17:19; 1 Corinthians 15:2; Ephesians 1:18f. Cf. Hermann on Viger, p. 731.

4. By a somewhat inaccurate usage, yet one not unknown to Greek writings, it is put for the relatives ὅς and ὅστις: thus, τινα ( L T Tr WH τί) με ὑπονοεῖτε εἶναι, οὐκ εἰμί ἐγώ (where one would expect ὅν). Acts 13:25; δοθήσεται ὑμῖν, τί λαλήσετε (λαλήσητε T Tr WH; L brackets the clausel, Matthew 10:19; ἑτοίμασον, τί δειπνήσω, Luke 17:8; (οἶδα τινας ἐξελεξάμην, John 13:18 T Tr text WH); especially after ἔχειν (as in the Greek writings): οὐκ ἔχουσι, τί φάγωσιν, Matthew 15:32; Mark 6:36; Mark 8:1 f; cf. Winer s Grammar, § 25,1; Buttmann, 251 (216); on the distinction between the Latin habeo quid and habeo quod cf. Ramshorn, Latin Gram., p. 565f.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Frequency / Word / Parsing Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (537)NAS (225)HCS (543)
Matthew74
Mark66
Luke103
John65
Acts52
Romans36
1 Corinthians21
2 Corinthians7
Galatians7
Ephesians8
Philippians2
Colossians2
1 Thessalonians3
1 Timothy1
2 Timothy1
Hebrews10
James4
1 Peter4
1 John4
Revelation13
Matthew80
Mark68
Luke105
John69
Acts57
Romans36
1 Corinthians23
2 Corinthians8
Galatians5
Ephesians8
Philippians2
Colossians2
1 Thessalonians3
1 Timothy1
2 Timothy1
Hebrews17
James4
1 Peter3
1 John4
Revelation14
Matthew91
Mark71
Luke110
John79
Acts54
Romans42
1 Corinthians29
2 Corinthians11
Galatians5
Ephesians7
Philippians2
Colossians1
1 Thessalonians3
1 Timothy1
2 Timothy1
Hebrews10
James4
1 Peter3
1 John4
Revelation15
List of Word Forms
τι τί τινα τίνα τινας τίνας τινες τίνες τινι τίνι Τινος Τίνος τινων τίνων τις τίς τισιν τίσιν Τιτάνων ti tí tina tína tinas tínas tines tínes tini tíni tinon tinōn tínon tínōn Tinos Tínos tis tís tisin tísin
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